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Mummy. Background Ancient Egypt Civilization became history in 332 B.C. Mummies were preserved in pyramids. Due to the development of archeology, mummies.

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Presentation on theme: "Mummy. Background Ancient Egypt Civilization became history in 332 B.C. Mummies were preserved in pyramids. Due to the development of archeology, mummies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mummy

2 Background Ancient Egypt Civilization became history in 332 B.C. Mummies were preserved in pyramids. Due to the development of archeology, mummies could be excavated.

3 The origin The English word “Mummy” The ancient Egyptian religion

4 The English word “Mummy” Black mummies Asphalt

5 The ancient Egyptian religion Believing the soul could not live without the body

6 Sunset symbols temporary death of sun Funeral objects

7 The history Literature records The spreading of poetry Fresco Medicine record

8 Literature records 《 The Autobiography of Weni 》 The thriving of Old Kingdom The construction of pyramid 《 Book of the Dead 》 The vital source of information about Egyptian beliefs Egyptian beliefs about the nature of death and the afterlife

9 The spreading of poetry 《 Aten Ode 》 Religious reform The decline of mummies’ culture

10 Fresco Most are tomb chamber frescoes. Frescoes depict the mummification process.

11 Medicine record 《 Ebers Papyrus 》 It records a heart’s motion and function. It records medicine’s function and use.

12 The mummification process

13 Pre-procedure

14 Manufacture

15 Preservation Set Arid climate Climate data for Cairo, Egypt

16

17 Q1. Do you believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt when you were a kid? Believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt when you were a kid.

18 Q2. What makes you have this idea? The ways which make you believe that the mummies only appeared in Egypt.

19 Q3. Which place do you suggest that those mummies had appeared ? The place where modern people suggest that those mummies had appeared. Right answer

20 Q3. Which place do you suggest that those mummies had appeared ? The correct rate of modern people’s answer about the place the mummies had appeared.

21 Q4. Have you ever known the process to make mummies? Whether modern people have ever known the process to make mummies.

22 Q4. Have you ever known the process to make mummies? The tube that modern people know the process to make mummies.

23 Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Materials that modern people suggest to make mummies. Wrong answers

24 Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Whether modern people know the materials to make mummies

25 Q5. Which materials do you suggest to make mummies? Materials that modern people suggest to make mummies.

26 Q6. Do you believe in the anathemas that those who found Tutankhamun Pharaohs would die? Whether modern people believe the anathemas that those who found Tutankhamun Pharaohs would die.

27 Conclusion Ancient Egyptian belief, which is that people can return to life after death. Ancient literature records. Preserve mummies by the methods of production and the climatical factors. Modern people do not understand things about mummies

28 Reference http://i.mtime.com/135088/blog/1921909/ http://amenra0131.pixnet.net/blog/post/451966- %E5%8F%A4%E5%9F%83%E5%8F%8A%E6%9C%A8%E4%B9%83%E4 %BC%8A%E7%9A%84%E8%A3%BD%E4%BD%9C%E6%96%B9%E5%B C%8Fhttp://amenra0131.pixnet.net/blog/post/451966- %E5%8F%A4%E5%9F%83%E5%8F%8A%E6%9C%A8%E4%B9%83%E4 %BC%8A%E7%9A%84%E8%A3%BD%E4%BD%9C%E6%96%B9%E5%B C%8F http://www.520ufo.com/a/kaogufaxian/20110416/336.html http://www.douban.com/group/topic/1161261/ 法老的國度:古埃及文化史, 2001 年 埃及史-神秘與驚奇的古國, 2004 年

29 The End


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