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USE OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE IN RESEARCH Shailesh Chaure Asstt. Prof. of Geology Govt. Holkar Science College, Indore

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Presentation on theme: "USE OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE IN RESEARCH Shailesh Chaure Asstt. Prof. of Geology Govt. Holkar Science College, Indore"— Presentation transcript:

1 USE OF OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE IN RESEARCH Shailesh Chaure Asstt. Prof. of Geology Govt. Holkar Science College, Indore Website :

2 Use of Open Source Software in Research Open source refers to a program or software in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge. Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in which programmers improve upon the code and share the changes within the community. What is open source software?

3 Use of Open Source Software in Research Open Source Software volunteer Project lead Free to users and programmers Source code is available Source code can be modified Source code can be redistributed Developed by collaborative effort

4 Use of Open Source Software in Research Some common Terms….. Open Source software Free to users and programmers Source code is available Copylefted, GNU General Public License Source code can be modified Source code can be redistribute Developed by collaborative effort Shareware software Free to download and try, suppose to pay if you use it Source code is not available No collaborations or community Free ware Free to users Source code is not available No collaborations or community. Mostly used for product advertisement and endorsement Proprietary software Not Free Copyrighted, Modification, Sharing and redistribution restricted Owned by individual or company

5 Use of Open Source Software in Research Security Quality Customizability Freedom Less resource intensive Interoperability Auditability Support of community Advantages of FOSS

6 Use of Open Source Software in Research Software Computer software is a collection of programmes and related data that provides the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. System Software UNIX, Linux, Ubuntu, Microsoft Windows, Mac Os Programming software Visual Studio, Turbo C/Pascal, Python, Lazarus, Java Application software Word processing, Spreadsheet, Graphic editors, CAD, GIS, Image processing, Modeling etc.

7 Use of Open Source Software in Research Open Source OS Linux – One of the post popular Unix like OS. Ubuntu – Linux based operating system. Android OS – Linux based OS for smart phones and Tablets.

8 Use of Open Source Software in Research Ubuntu Screen shots

9 Use of Open Source Software in Research Requirements of a Researcher Data collection Data storage Data Analysis Data visualization Modeling Documentation Management of references/ Bibliography Many open source software are available to fulfill these requirements of a researcher

10 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Data Collection Open Data kit (ODK) - set of tools which help and manage mobile data collection solutions. Can be used to Collect the data on a mobile device and send it to a server. Aggregate the collected data on a server and extract it in useful formats.

11 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Data storage & Management MySQL - MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications, and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack. LAMP is an acronym for "Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python. PostgreSQL - Postgres, is an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) available for many platforms including Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. Free data storage facility is provided by many sites, which can be used to store any kind of data (Picture files, Ms office files, Pdfs etc). Some popular sites are DropBox – 2 GB free storage Google Drive – 5 GB free storage SkyDrive – 5 GB free storage MediaFire – 50 GB free storage Size of 1 A4 Page word document without graphics use to be nearly 25 KB. 5GB can store more than 20,000 A4 pages.

12 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Data Analysis McAnova R(2.5) Tanagra ViSta

13 Use of Open Source Software in Research Screen Shot Tanagra

14 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Data Visualization IBM OpenDx – Scientists & Engineers (http://www.opendx.org/)http://www.opendx.org/ Tulip – Researchers and Engineers (http://www.tulip-software.org/)http://www.tulip-software.org/ GGobi – Statistician (http://www.ggobi.org/)http://www.ggobi.org/ IDL- Programmers Gnuplot – command line 2D &3D plots Gimp – Image processing InkScape – vector graphics software.

15 Use of Open Source Software in Research Screen Shot : InkScape

16 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Documentation OpenOffice - Office productivity software suite. LaTeX - LaTeX is a high-quality typesetting system, with features designed for the production of technical and scientific documentation. LaTeX is the de facto standard for the communication and publication of scientific documents. PDFCreator – Potrable document file creator.

17 Use of Open Source Software in Research OpenOffice Writer : word processor Calc : spreadsheet Impress : Multimedia presentation Base : Database Draw : Drawing (Simple to 3D) Math :Mathematical equations ( Direct typing/ GUI )

18 Use of Open Source Software in Research Screen Shot OpenOffice (Write)

19 Use of Open Source Software in Research Screen Shot OpenOffice (Draw)

20 Use of Open Source Software in Research Screen Shot OpenOffice (Math)

21 Use of Open Source Software in Research FOSS for Reference Management JabRef – Bibliography reference manager Bibus – Multi-user bibliography and reference manager Zotero - Acts like a personal research assistant to search material online and stores any file, cite and sync.

22 Use of Open Source Software in Research JebRef Screenshot

23 Use of Open Source Software in Research Limitations of FOSS Learning curve – Linux learning takes some time. Learning linux is definitely worth your time. Equivalent programmes – FOSS equivalent software are not available for many applications. More technical ability needed – if you plan to use OS. Using application software is simple. Not all hardware compatible – support for new hardware may not be available.

24 Use of Open Source Software in Research Keep on learning, working & sharing.


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