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Assessment of Postal Activity Case: Argentina. Aim of the studies done Environmental Impact Study Environmental Impact Study ALC and Calculation of CO2.

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Presentation on theme: "Assessment of Postal Activity Case: Argentina. Aim of the studies done Environmental Impact Study Environmental Impact Study ALC and Calculation of CO2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Assessment of Postal Activity Case: Argentina

2 Aim of the studies done Environmental Impact Study Environmental Impact Study ALC and Calculation of CO2 Footprint ALC and Calculation of CO2 Footprint  Assessing Environmental Features of Simple Letter Service based on AECA´s interest about showing if the activity pollutes the environment  Performing the assessment of the life cycle and Calculation of Carbon Footprint for Reception Service and Sending a Corporative Simple Letter  Establishing a comparison with respect to sending and receiving a commercial  Performing the assessment of the life cycle and Calculation of Carbon Footprint for Reception Service and Sending a Corporative Simple Letter  Establishing a comparison with respect to sending and receiving a commercial

3 What is it an Study on Environmental Impact (SEI) It`s a description and an analysis of environmental resources within the area of influence of the activity being studied, considering: Environment Physical Medium Socioeconomic Medium Air quality (emissions) Noise Liquid Effluent Solid Waste Flora, Fauna and visual impact Employment generation Effect on commerce, industry and other services Effect on traffic Social Welfare and cultural heritage Safety

4 SEI Structure What is it for? What is it for? Knowing the situation or environmental baseline of Postal Activity Stage 3 Stage 3 Stage 2 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 1 Describing processes and activities, resources consumption, wastes, effluents and emissions from the activity Identifying environmental impacts generated by the activity Management plans with opportunities of improvement or mitigation actions of significant impact

5 Methodology Planning Planning Fieldwork Fieldwork 1.Selecting the most representative process of postal activity. 2.Designing questionnaires to collect environmental aspects. 3.Selecting samples from establishments to audit according to the representativeness of the activity under study: 86.7% of Postal Production is developed in the cities observed. 1.Selecting the most representative process of postal activity. 2.Designing questionnaires to collect environmental aspects. 3.Selecting samples from establishments to audit according to the representativeness of the activity under study: 86.7% of Postal Production is developed in the cities observed. 2. Collate and validate the Postal Activities observed against legislation on its levels State – Province – Municipality. 1. Audits to 30 establishments: head offices – Distribution Centers – Point of Sales : validation in situ performed by the University team.

6 Methodology: Leopold Matrix of Cause-Effect (Example) Process Activities Environmental Factors Air Noise Employment DistributionReceptionPick Up

7 Outcomes from Environmental Impact Study Regarding environmental impact of Simple Letter, the study shows that Postal Activity does not pollute the environment. Compatible Moderate Severe Crítical

8 Compared Legislation: Diagram of Environmental Legislation in Argentina Municipalities Provinces Federal State National Constitution and Laws of Minimal Budgets Provincial Laws and Decrees Ordinances and Provisions

9 Different Points of View

10 Carbon Footprint What is it? The Carbon footprint is " the total of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions directly or indirectly caused by an individual, organization, business, product or service." Kyoto Protocol It is an international agreement, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that generate global warning. Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) Carbon Dioxide equivalent (CO2e) of a gas measure Carbon Dioxide CO2 Methane CH4 Oxide Nitrous N2O Hydrofluorocarbon HFC Perfluorocarbon PFC Sulphur hexafluoride SF

11 Methodology: PAS 2050 Emissions are calculated through the analysis of Products / services Life Cycle

12 Stages of the Study Improvements Results Emissions Life Cycle Assessment FieldworkScope StagesBetter Practices Establishment and Scope of Objectives Inventory Analysis Assessment of Impacts Outcomes Interpretation Complete: regarding gases, activities, territories considered, etc. Accurate: regarding information and its analysis Clear: regarding data sources, methods applied and communication Solid: throughout temporal series, this means the use of the same emission factors and methods for the same categories. Comparable: this means use of a common methodology

13 Tool Used Software used to visualize the Life Cycle of letter and its associated emissions

14 Factors and Procedures involved in the study Fieldwork Processes Production Energy Staff Transport Waste Abilities Distances Market Share Paper Specifications Processes Determination 1. Simple Letter (Client) 2. Pick Up and Reception 3. Production and Treatment 4. Distribution and Delivery 5. Reclassify at Local Centers 6. Distribution to Final User

15 Emissions Detail Resources Energy Gas Consumption Energy Electric Consumption Commercial Transport Urban Solid Waste Non Recycled Paper Source SEySD Argentina * – IPCC ** SEySD Argentina - IPCC Peugeot SEySD Argentina - IPCC Environment and Energy Control Agency of France Research Institute Cristóbal Colón Cadiz-Spain ECODES Ecology and Development * Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development ** Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

16 Life cycle analysis 0,10 grs. Co21,37 grs. Co2Co2 p/DestinoCo2 x Centro 1. Client Emission 2.Pick – Up and r Reception Process 3.Production and Treatment Process CABA 4.Distribution and Delivery Process 5.Reclassify at Provinces Center 6.Distribution to Final User 20 km 0,03 grs. 400 km 0,70 grs. 710 km 1,25 grs km 2,08 grs km 1,92 grs. 476 km 0,84 grs km 2,04 grs. 970 km 1,71 grs. 1,20 grs. Santa Fé 1,72 grs. Neuquén 3,67 grs. Tucumán 4,05 grs. Mendoza 2,98 grs. Viedma (R.N.) 4,80 grs. 1,20 grs. Córdoba 1,20 grs. 25 grs. Co2Co2 Neutral Floding, enveloping, stamping, labeling, classifying, bagged and waste. Bs. As. (Prov.) CABA +AMBA Model of Simple Letter Reception and Delivery Service

17 Simple Letter Emissions Results Process 1 Client Process 2 Pick Up/ Reception Process 3 Production Process 4 Distribution Process 5 Reclassify Process 6 Final User Total emissions for Delivery Service of a Letter Total including envelope and paper Common Emissions 250,101,37 CO 2 Neutro CABA + AMBA 0,031,202,7027,70 Buenos Aires 0,701,203,3728,37 Córdoba 1,251,203,9228,92 (Carbon Dioxide Equivalent CO2e)

18 Outcomes Co2 emissions (grams) for Delivery of a Simple Letter Service per Destiny, Co2 emissions (grams) for Delivery of a Simple Letter Service per Destiny + Envelope + content, Co2 emissions (grams) (4 sheets A4) Co2 emissions (grams) for commercial with attachment, 1 mega Co2 emissions (grams) for commercial with attachment 1 mega + printing (4 sheets A4)

19 Outcomes (CO 2 e grams) Process Emissions Paper Total Emissions Co 2 Simple Letter 3, , For example, sending a simple letter to a regular destination (700 Km) Emissions of sending an with attachment 1 MB - Source ADEME

20 Contact: Graduate Gabriel Perez Environment and Sustainable Development Committee - Coordinator In order to download this presentation, please visit our website Thank you


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