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SEMINAR ON PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES AGAINST HAZARDS RELEASED AT SHIPYARDS Ministry of Labour and Social Security TAIEX / EC (IM 30802) Istanbul, TURKEY.

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Presentation on theme: "SEMINAR ON PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES AGAINST HAZARDS RELEASED AT SHIPYARDS Ministry of Labour and Social Security TAIEX / EC (IM 30802) Istanbul, TURKEY."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEMINAR ON PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES AGAINST HAZARDS RELEASED AT SHIPYARDS Ministry of Labour and Social Security TAIEX / EC (IM 30802) Istanbul, TURKEY 6-7 November 2008

2 OSH Risk Assessment in Shipyards Occupational Safety and Health EU legislation applicable to Shipyards J. Costa ISQ / TD

3 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 1. OSH figures in the EU 2. OSH legislation - types, source, access 3. OSH legislation - composition 4. OSH Framework directive 5. OSH Individual directives - examples 6. Conclusions Contents

4 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 1. OSH Figures in the EU

5 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Accidents at work 4 x 10 6 /y, > 3 days off work > 6 x 10 6 /y (all acc) 4 x 10 6 /y, > 3 days off work > 6 x 10 6 /y (all acc) OSH burden in the EU Source: European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW) / EU-15 / fatal accidents in 2004

6 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Work related ill-health (OD) 8 x 10 6 person/y; 5400/ persons/y 8 x 10 6 person/y; 5400/ persons/y OSH burden in the EU Source: EU Labour Force Survey (1999)

7 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards COSTS ACCIDENTS AT WORK x 10 6 € (0,64% GDP, EU-15, 2000) x 10 6 € (0,64% GDP, EU-15, 2000) OSH burden in the EU ACC AT W + OD 2,6-3,8% GDP, EU-15, 2000

8 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 2. OSH Legislation - types, source, access

9 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards REGULATIONS Directives - legal instruments for OSH EU Legislation Types of Legislation DIRECTIVES RECOMMENDATIONS SOURCE: Official Journal of the European Union

10 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Types of Legislation RECOMMENDATION

11 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Types of Legislation DIRECTIVE

12 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards EUR-Lex Database EUR-Lex Database OFFICIAL JOURNAL SIMPLE SEARCH ADVANCED SEARCH OFFICIAL JOURNAL SIMPLE SEARCH ADVANCED SEARCH European Agency for Safety and Health at Work European Agency for Safety and Health at Work Access to Legislation LEGISLATION DIRECTIVES LEGISLATION DIRECTIVES

13 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 3. OSH Legislation - composition

14 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Time span: 19y (1989 through 2008) Framework Directive (89/391/EC) EU OSH LEGISLATION Individual Directives (19)

15 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Workplace - Dir 89/654/EEC (1 st ID) 19 Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards - 16 Work equipment - Dir 89/655/EEC (2 nd ID) Personal protective equipment - Dir 89/656/EEC (3 rd ID) Manual handling - Dir 90/269/EEC (4 th ID) Display screen equipment - Dir 90/270/EEC (5 th ID) Carcinogens / Mutagens - Dir 90/394/EEC (6 th ID) Biological agents - Dir 90/679/EEC (7 th ID)

16 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards T/M Construction sites - Dir 92/57/EEC (8 th ID) 19 Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards - 16 S/H signs - Dir 92/58/EEC (9 th ID) Chemical agents - Dir 98/24/EEC (14 th ID) Explosive atmospheres - Dir 99/92/EEC (15 th ID)

17 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Ph ag (Vibration) - Dir 2002/44/EC (16 th ID) 19 Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards Individual Directives ID applicable to Shipyards - 16 Ph ag (Noise) - Dir 2003/10/EC (17 th ID) Ph ag (EMF) - Dir 2004/40/EC (18 th ID) Ph ag (AOR) - Dir 2006/25/EC (19 th ID)

18 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards INDIVIDUAL DIRECTIVESUBJECT 1 89/654/CEE Workplace 2 89/655/CEE 95/63/CEE 2001/45/CE Work Equipment 3 89/656/CEE Personal Protective Equipment 4 90/269/CEE Manual Handling of Loads 5 90/270/CEE Display Screen Equipment 6 90/394/CEE 97/42/CE 99/38/CE 2004/37CE Carcinogenic / Mutagenic Agents 78/610/CEE VCM − 83/477/CEE 91/382/CE 2003/18/CE Asbestos

19 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards INDIVIDUAL DIRECTIVESUBJECT 7 90/679/CEE 93/88/CEE 95/30/CE 97/59/CE; 97/65/EC 2000/54/CE Biological Agents 8 92/57/CEE Temporary / Mobile Construction Sites 9 77/576/CEE 79/640/CEE 92/58/CEE Safety and/or Health Signs 10 92/85/CEE Pregnant Workers,… 14 98/24/CE Chemical Agents 82/605/CEE Exposure to Lead 88/364/CEE Prohibition of Agents − 91/322/CEE 96/94/CEE 2000/39/CE 2006/15/CE OEL

20 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards INDIVIVIDUAL DIRECTIVESUBJECT 15 99/92/CEExplosive Atmospheres /44/CEPhysical Agents (Vibration) 17 86/188/CEE 2003/10/CE Physical Agents (Noise) /40/CEPhysical Agents (EMF) /25/CEPhysical Agents (AOR)

21 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 4. OSH Framework Directive

22 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Framework Directive 89/391/EEC S I - General provisions S II - Employers´ obligations S III - Workers´ obligations S I - General provisions S II - Employers´ obligations S III - Workers´ obligations

23 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards S I, A5 – General provision Employer has a duty to ensure SH of workers in every aspect related to work Employer has a duty to ensure SH of workers in every aspect related to work Framework Directive 89/391/EEC Workers´ obligations in SH do not affect the principle of the responsibility of the employer Workers´ obligations in SH do not affect the principle of the responsibility of the employer

24 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards S II, A6 – General obligations on employers Employer has a duty to ensure SH of workers in every aspect related to work, including: Employer has a duty to ensure SH of workers in every aspect related to work, including: Framework Directive 89/391/EEC prevention of occupational risks; provision of information and training; provision of necessary organization and means prevention of occupational risks; provision of information and training; provision of necessary organization and means

25 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Prevention (concept) All steps or measures taken or planned at all stages of work in the undertakings to avoid or reduce occupational risks All steps or measures taken or planned at all stages of work in the undertakings to avoid or reduce occupational risks Framework Directive 89/391/EEC APPROACH to OCCUPATIONAL RISKS (and OSH)

26 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Occupational risks Evaluation of risks to SH – the preventive measures and the working and production methods must: assure an improvement in the level of protection; be integrated into all activities and at all hierarchical levels Evaluation of risks to SH – the preventive measures and the working and production methods must: assure an improvement in the level of protection; be integrated into all activities and at all hierarchical levels Framework Directive 89/391/EEC RISK MANAGEMENT

27 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 5. OSH Individual Directives

28 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 5. ID – Work Equipment

29 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions Work Equipment Dir. 89/655/EEC, 95/63/EEC

30 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards A1. Subject Requirements for the use of WE by workers at work A2. Definitions Work Equipment Dir. 89/655/EEC+amdt WE: any machine, apparatus, tool or installation used at work Use of WE: any activity involving WE such as starting or stoping the equip., its use, transport, repair, modification, maintenance and servicing, including cleaning

31 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards SII, A3. Gen obligations Ensure that WE is suitable for the work and may be used without impairment of SH SII, A4. Rules for WE Work Equipment Dir. 89/655/EEC+Amdt SII, A5. WE involving specific risks – Annex I SII, A6. Worker information SII, A7. Worker training

32 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 4a) Inspection of WE 5ª) Ergonomics and Occup Health Work Equipment Dir. 95/63/EEC ANNEX I

33 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Work Equipment Dir. 2001/45/EEC Temporary work at height

34 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Ann II. General provisions When carrying out temporay work at height WE most suitable to ensure and maintain safe working conditions must be selected if a suitable surface is not available Ann II. Provisions for use of ladders Work Equipment Dir. 2001/45/EEC Ann II. Provision for use of scaffolding Ann II. Provision for use of rope access / positioning techn.

35 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Work Equipment Dir. 2001/45/EEC

36 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 5. ID – Personal Protective Equipment

37 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions PPE Directive 89/656/EEC

38 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards A2. PPE (definition) All equipment designed to be worn or held by the worker to protect him against one or more hazards likely to endanger his SH PPE shall be used when risks cannot be avoided or limited by technical means of collective protection or by measures, methods or procedures of work organization PPE Directive 89/656/EEC A2. General rule

39 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards A4. General provisions 1. PPE must comply with EU relevant provisions on D/M with respect to SH [NA Directive] 1.Analysis and assessment of risks which cannot be avoided otherwise; 2.Definition of PPE characteristics appropriate to the risk to control; 3.Comparison of available PPE against the defined need 1.Analysis and assessment of risks which cannot be avoided otherwise; 2.Definition of PPE characteristics appropriate to the risk to control; 3.Comparison of available PPE against the defined need PPE Directive 89/656/EEC A5. Assessment of PPE

40 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Ann I. Risk survey table PPE PPE Directive 89/656/EEC

41 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 5. ID – Chemical / Carcinogen and Mutagenic agents

42 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Chemical agents Directive 98/24/EC Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions

43 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Chemical agents Directive 98/24/EC A1. Objective 1. Protection of workers against risks associated to exposure to chemical agents presents at the workplace A2. Definitions 1.Chemical agents – chemical elements or compounds 2.Hazardous ch. agent – dangerous substances, preparations, or other substances which properties chem / phy / tox pose a risk to SH of workers 1.Chemical agents – chemical elements or compounds 2.Hazardous ch. agent – dangerous substances, preparations, or other substances which properties chem / phy / tox pose a risk to SH of workers

44 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Indicative OEL values (Directives; +/- 100 agents; SCOEL) Binding OEL values - Annex I (Lead) Binding BL values - Annex II (Lead) Indicative OEL values (Directives; +/- 100 agents; SCOEL) Binding OEL values - Annex I (Lead) Binding BL values - Annex II (Lead) Chemical agents Directive 98/24/EC A3. Occupational exposure limit and biological limit values Chem. agent properties Work activities Level, type duration of exposure DETERMINATION OF OE Chem. agent properties Work activities Level, type duration of exposure DETERMINATION OF OE SII, A4. Determination and assessment of risk of Haz Chem Ag

45 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Chemical agents Directive 98/24/EC Strategy for OE determination SII, A4. Determination and assessment of risk of Haz Chem Ag

46 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Carcinogens / mutagens Dir. 2004/37/EEC Chpt I - General provisions Chpt II - Employers´ obligations Chpt III - Miscellaneous provisions Chpt I - General provisions Chpt II - Employers´ obligations Chpt III - Miscellaneous provisions

47 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Carcinogens / mutagens Dir. 2004/37/EEC A1. Objective 1. Protection of workers against risks associated to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens laying particular requirements, including limit values 2. If an activity is associated to exposure the nature, degree and duration of workers´ exposure should be determined to assess the risk to health and safety A3. Scope – determination and assessment of risks 3. The risk assessment should consider all routes of exposure

48 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Carcinogens / mutagens Dir. 2004/37/EEC A4. Reduction and replacement 2. Manufacture and use in closed system A5. Prevention and reduction of exposure 5. Limitation of quantities; reduced number of exposed workers, engineering controls to minimize the release; evacuation at source; early detection; housekeeping; information to workers; safe storage, handling and transportation; safe collection, storage and disposal

49 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Carcinogens / mutagens Dir. 2004/37/EEC A14. Health surveillance 2. in Annex III A15. Record keeping A16. Limit values

50 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 5. ID – Explosive Atmospheres

51 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions Sect I - General provisions Sect II - Employers´ obligations Sect III - Miscellaneous provisions

52 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards A1. Objective A2. Definitions “Explosive atmosphere” means a mixture with air, under atmospheric conditions, of flammable substances in the form of g / v / mists or dusts in which, after ignition has ocuured, combustion spreads to the entire unburned mixtureers Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC 1. Protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres

53 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards SII, A3. Prevention and protection against explosions Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC prevention of formation of expl. atm.; avoidance of ignition of expl. atm.; mitigation of effects of expl, to ensure SH of workers prevention of formation of expl. atm.; avoidance of ignition of expl. atm.; mitigation of effects of expl, to ensure SH of workers

54 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards SII, A4. Assessment of explosion risks Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC likelihood of expl. atm. occurrence and persistence; likelihood of ignition sources presence and that become active and effective; substances, processes, installations and interactions; effects and related scale likelihood of expl. atm. occurrence and persistence; likelihood of ignition sources presence and that become active and effective; substances, processes, installations and interactions; effects and related scale

55 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards SII, A4. Assessment of explosion risks Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC Assessment flowchart - recognition and prevention of explosion risk

56 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards EXPLOSION PROTECTION DOCUMENT Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC

57 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards SII, A6. Duty of coordination Explosive atmospheres Dir. 99/92/EEC SII, A9. Requirements for work equip. and workplaces EXPLOSION PROTECTION DOCUMENT CONTENTS Risk assessment Areas classification – Annex I Organizational, Explosion protection measures - Annex II Criteria for selection of equipment and protective systems – Annex II EXPLOSION PROTECTION DOCUMENT CONTENTS Risk assessment Areas classification – Annex I Organizational, Explosion protection measures - Annex II Criteria for selection of equipment and protective systems – Annex II

58 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards 6. Conclusions

59 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards OSH expresses socially and economically in terms either of number of occupational accidents, diseases or related costs; OSH legislation addresses (FD) the complete set of issues relevant to occupational risks namely policy, organization, resources and planning; OSH legislation (ID) addresses specific risks by setting further requirements; CONCLUSIONS (1)

60 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards OSH legislation requirements fulfilment can be supported, in some cases, on information provided for by dedicated Guides; OSH legislation is focused on the assessment and control of occupational risks associated to work activities and addressed under a prevention approach CONCLUSIONS (2)

61 OSH EU Legislation - Shipyards Teşekkür ederim ! Thank you very much ! João Carlos Costa Teşekkür ederim ! Thank you very much ! João Carlos Costa


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