Definition A budget is a plan of expected income, expected expenses, expected savings for a period of time.
Why Budget? In groups identify as many reasons WHY you would need to budget.
Why Budget? To prevent a person from forgetting about irregular but necessary expenditure eg; annual insurances or emergency expenses like car repairs. So you don’t run out of money before next pay day. To stop you getting into debt. To avoid unnecessary spending.
Why Budget? But the main reason is a positive one: it allows you to take control of your finances and make sure that your spending and saving allows you to achieve your goals – like getting that car, or going for a trip overseas.
Activity give an example of what you could do instead of spending money on the following TakeawaysCook at home New SMART phone New computer game New school jumper $5 on lunch for school $2.00 on soft drink everyday $200 a month on heating your home
Budget Format There are 4 main areas to consider when preparing a budget. 1.Income 2.Expenses (Essential and Non Essential) 3.Intended Saving 4.Surplus OR Deficit
Terms and Definitions Matching Game HANDOUT to students match the terms with definitions
Terms and Definitions Income = money received from employment, investments, or interest from deposits Expenses = an amount of money that is needed to pay for or buy something. Essential = something that is an absolute necessity Non Essential = spending on things that are a want rather than a need Saving = an amount of money that is not spent or used Surplus = When income is greater than expenses Deficit = When expenses are greater than income
Identify the following as either: Essential – spending on something that is an absolute necessity OR Non Essential - spending on things that are a want rather than a need 1.Clothing 2.Rent 3.Car repairs 4.Entertainment 5.Petrol 6.Cell phone payments 7.Food – grocery 8.Food - snacks
Identify the following as either Essential or Non Essential Expenses ANSWERS Clothing – Non Essential Rent - Essential Car repairs - Essential Entertainment – Non Essential Petrol - Essential Cell phone payments – Essential Food – grocery - Essential Food – snacks – Non Essential
Group Brainstorm - on an A4 paper write as many different types of expenses that you can think of for yourselves and your families Students to write these on the white board and then ask students which ones are ESSENTIAL. CIRCLE these ones. Does everyone agree??
Essential or Non Essential Activity HANDOUT an activity sheet to each group. Students have 3 mins ONLY to categorize the expenses as either essential or non essential. When time is up the group must swap with the group beside them. The winning team is the one with the most expenses correctly categorized.
How do you prepare a budget? STEP 1 You need to list our income. STEP 2 You need to list all our expenses. STEP 3You need to sort out our expenses into Essential and Non- essential expenses. STEP 4Now prepare the budget. It must balance i.e. your income must equal your expenses or your expenses plus savings if we have money left over.
Budget Format Example Income Wages400 Less Essential Spending Rent100 Petrol50 Car repairs40 Cell Phone payments20 Food – Grocery100310 Less Non Essential Spending Entertainment50 Clothing50 Food - Snacks30130 Total Spending440 Balance (deficit)(40)
The aim is to Balance the Budget so there is NO deficit or surplus! A deficit is when......... are greater than income A surplus is when.......... is.......... than expenses
QUESTION? What should you do to get rid of a deficit?
What should you do to get rid of a deficit ANSWER You must reduce your non essential expenses
You can either: ▫increase your savings ▫increase your spending. However in life it is more beneficial if you increase your savings!
Maths note.... Sometimes, we will be approximating weekly figures rather than worrying about getting things to be mathematically perfect. So if you are given monthly figures and need to convert to weekly figures, divide by 4. If you are given a yearly (annual) figure – What would you divide it by to get a weekly figure?
Do Now – Personal Budget for Jerome Kamo HANDOUT a copy of the budget to each student. Students to replace the ?’s with the correct figures
Your turn! Prepare a WEEKLY budget for Reginald Singh Reginald’s main job pays $500 a week. His rent per week is $120 and he spends $75 a week on food. His bus fare per month is $100 and his cell phone expenses are $20 per month. He spends $50 a week going out with friends and another $25 a week on takeaways. Create a budget for Reginald. How much is Reginald able to SAVE to balance his budget?
Weekly budget for Reginald Singh Income$$$ Wages500 Less Essential Spending Rent120 Food75 Bus Fares25 Cell Phone payments5225 Less Non Essential Spending Entertainment50 Food - Takeaways2575 Total Spending300 Budget SURPLUS200 SAVINGS(200) Balanced BUDGETNIL
Prepare a budget for the Leota Family HANDOUT a copy of Leota Family, Each student to prepare a budget for the Leota Family.