Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

C3 - 1 Learning Objectives 1. The Matching Concept 2. Nature of the Adjusting Process 3. Recording Adjusting Entries 4. Summary of Adjustment Process 5.Financial.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "C3 - 1 Learning Objectives 1. The Matching Concept 2. Nature of the Adjusting Process 3. Recording Adjusting Entries 4. Summary of Adjustment Process 5.Financial."— Presentation transcript:

1 C3 - 1 Learning Objectives 1. The Matching Concept 2. Nature of the Adjusting Process 3. Recording Adjusting Entries 4. Summary of Adjustment Process 5.Financial Analysis and Interpretation Ch 03 The Matching Concept and the Adjusting Process

2 C3 - 2 TWO METHODS Reporting Revenue and Expense Cash Basis of Accounting Accrual Basis of Accounting

3 C3 - 3 Cash Basis of Accounting  Revenue reported when cash is received  Expense reported when cash is paid 4 Does not properly match revenues and expenses

4 C3 - 4 Accrual Basis of Accounting 4 Revenue reported when earned 4 Expense reported when incurred 4 Properly matches revenues and expenses in determining net income 4 Requires adjusting entries at end of period

5 C3 - 5 The Matching Concept Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity Debits = Credits Expenses Revenues

6 C3 - 6 The Matching Concept Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity Debits = Credits Expenses Revenues Net Income

7 C3 - 7 The Matching Concept Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity Debits = Credits Net income is determined by properly matching expenses and revenues. Expenses Revenues Net Income matching

8 C3 - 8 NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 Assets

9 C3 - 9 NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 21Accounts Payable900 23Unearned Rent360 Liabilities

10 C NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 21Accounts Payable900 23Unearned Rent360 31Chris Clark, Capital25,000 32Chris Clark, Drawing4,000 Owner’sEquity

11 C NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 21Accounts Payable900 23Unearned Rent360 31Chris Clark, Capital25,000 32Chris Clark, Drawing4,000 41Fees Earned16,340 Revenue

12 C NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 21Accounts Payable900 23Unearned Rent360 31Chris Clark, Capital25,000 32Chris Clark, Drawing4,000 41Fees Earned16,340 51Wages Expense4,275 52Rent Expense1,600 54Utilities Expense985 55Supplies Expense800 59Miscellaneous Expense455 42,600 Expenses

13 C NetSolutions Unadjusted Trial Balance December 31, Cash2,065 12Accounts Receivable2,220 14Supplies2,000 15Prepaid Insurance2,400 17Land20,000 18Office Equipment1,800 21Accounts Payable900 23Unearned Rent360 31Chris Clark, Capital25,000 32Chris Clark, Drawing4,000 41Fees Earned16,340 51Wages Expense4,275 52Rent Expense1,600 54Utilities Expense985 55Supplies Expense800 59Miscellaneous Expense45542,600

14 C NetSolutions Expanded Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Income Statement 1.Assets 11Cash 12Accounts Receivable 14Supplies 15Prepaid Insurance 17Land 18Office Equipment 19Accumulated Depreciation 2.Liabilities 21Accounts Payable 22Wages Payable 23Unearned Rent 3.Owner’s Equity 31Chris Clark, Capital 32Chris Clark, Drawing 4.Revenue 41Fees Earned 42Rent Revenue 5.Expenses 51Wages Expense 52Rent Expense 53Depreciation Expense 54Utilities Expense 55Supplies Expense 56Insurance Expense 59Miscellaneous Expense

15 C NetSolutions Expanded Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Income Statement 1.Assets 11Cash 12Accounts Receivable 14Supplies 15Prepaid Insurance 17Land 18Office Equipment 19Accumulated Depreciation 2.Liabilities 21Accounts Payable 22Wages Payable 23Unearned Rent 3.Owner’s Equity 31Chris Clark, Capital 32Chris Clark, Drawing 4.Revenue 41Fees Earned 42Rent Revenue 5.Expenses 51Wages Expense 52Rent Expense 53Depreciation Expense 54Utilities Expense 55Supplies Expense 56Insurance Expense 59Miscellaneous Expense

16 C NetSolutions Expanded Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Income Statement 1.Assets 11Cash 12Accounts Receivable 14Supplies 15Prepaid Insurance 17Land 18Office Equipment 19Accumulated Depreciation 2.Liabilities 21Accounts Payable 22Wages Payable 23Unearned Rent 3.Owner’s Equity 31Chris Clark, Capital 32Chris Clark, Drawing 4.Revenue 41Fees Earned 42Rent Revenue 5.Expenses 51Wages Expense 52Rent Expense 53Depreciation Expense 54Utilities Expense 55Supplies Expense 56Insurance Expense 59Miscellaneous Expense

17 C NetSolutions Expanded Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Income Statement 1.Assets 11Cash 12Accounts Receivable 14Supplies 15Prepaid Insurance 17Land 18Office Equipment 19Accumulated Depreciation 2.Liabilities 21Accounts Payable 22Wages Payable 23Unearned Rent 3.Owner’s Equity 31Chris Clark, Capital 32Chris Clark, Drawing 4.Revenue 41Fees Earned 42Rent Revenue 5.Expenses 51Wages Expense 52Rent Expense 53Depreciation Expense 54Utilities Expense 55Supplies Expense 56Insurance Expense 59Miscellaneous Expense

18 C NetSolutions Expanded Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Income Statement 1.Assets 11Cash 12Accounts Receivable 14Supplies 15Prepaid Insurance 17Land 18Office Equipment 19Accumulated Depreciation 2.Liabilities 21Accounts Payable 22Wages Payable 23Unearned Rent 3.Owner’s Equity 31Chris Clark, Capital 32Chris Clark, Drawing 4.Revenue 41Fees Earned 42Rent Revenue 5.Expenses 51Wages Expense 52Rent Expense 53Depreciation Expense 54Utilities Expense 55Supplies Expense 56Insurance Expense 59Miscellaneous Expense

19 C Adjustments – Deferrals and Accruals Current Period Future Period Cash Received Revenue Recorded Deferrals Cash Received Revenues

20 C Adjustments – Deferrals and Accruals Current Period Future Period Cash Received Revenue Recorded Deferrals Cash Received Accruals Revenue Recorded Cash Received Revenues

21 C Adjustments – Deferrals and Accruals Current Period Future Period Cash Received Revenue Recorded Deferrals Cash Received Current Period Future Period Cash Paid Expense Recorded Expenses Cash Paid Accruals Revenue Recorded Cash Received Revenues Deferrals

22 C Adjustments – Deferrals and Accruals Current Period Future Period Cash Received Revenue Recorded Deferrals Cash Received Current Period Future Period Expense Recorded Cash Paid Expense Recorded Expenses Cash Paid Accruals Revenue Recorded Cash Received Revenues Deferrals Accruals

23 C Adjustments – Deferred Expense P ,400 Cash Prepaid Insurance Insurance Expense P ,400 On December 1, NetSolutions purchased insurance for 24 months at a cost of $2,400. Adjustment A1 – Record insurance used for December, $100. Expenses Assets Example P1 – Purchase initially recorded as an asset.

24 C Adjustments – Deferred Expense P ,400 Cash Prepaid Insurance Insurance Expense P ,400 On December 1, NetSolutions purchased insurance for 24 months at a cost of $2,400. Adjustment A1 – Record insurance used for December, $100. A Expenses Assets A1 Example P1 – Purchase initially recorded as an asset. A1

25 C Adjustments – Deferred Expense P ,400 Cash Prepaid Insurance Insurance Expense P ,400 On December 1, NetSolutions purchased insurance for 24 months at a cost of $2,400. Adjustment A2 – Record insurance unused as of December 31. Expenses Assets Example P2 – Purchase initially recorded as an expense.

26 C Adjustments – Deferred Expense P ,400 Cash Prepaid Insurance Insurance Expense P ,400 On December 1, NetSolutions purchased insurance for 24 months at a cost of $2,400. Adjustment A2 – Record insurance unused as of December 31. A ,300 Expenses Assets A2 Example P2 – Purchase initially recorded as an expense. A2

27 C Adjustments – Deferred Revenue Cash Unearned Rent Rent Revenue S On December 1, NetSolutions received cash of $360 for three months’ rent beginning December 1. Adjustment A3 – Record rent earned for December. S Revenues Liabilities Example S1 – Sale initially recorded as a liability.

28 C Adjustments – Deferred Revenue A Cash Unearned Rent Rent Revenue S On December 1, NetSolutions received cash of $360 for three months’ rent beginning December 1. Adjustment A3 – Record rent earned for December. S A Revenues Liabilities A3 Example S1 – Sale initially recorded as a liability. A3

29 C Adjustments – Deferred Revenue Cash Unearned Rent Rent Revenue S On December 1, NetSolutions received cash of $360 for three months’ rent beginning December 1. Adjustment A4 – Record rent unearned as of December 31. S Revenues Liabilities Example S2 – Sale initially recorded as revenue.

30 C Adjustments – Deferred Revenue A Cash Unearned Rent Rent Revenue S On December 1, NetSolutions received cash of $360 for three months’ rent beginning December 1. Adjustment A4 – Record rent unearned as of December 31. A S Revenues Liabilities A4 Example S2 – Sale initially recorded as revenue. A4

31 C Adjustments – Accrued Expense Wages Payable Wages Expense NetSolutions received employee services for the last two days of December amounting to $250, to be paid later. Adjustment A5 – Record accrued wages of $250. Bal.....4,275 Expenses Liabilities

32 C Adjustments – Accrued Expense Wages Payable Wages Expense NetSolutions received employee services for the last two days of December amounting to $250, to be paid later. Adjustment A5 – Record accrued wages of $250. A Bal.....4,275 Expenses Liabilities A5 A

33 C Adjustments – Accrued Revenue Accounts Receivable Fees Earned As of December 31, NetSolutions provided 25 hours of services at $20 per hour to be billed next month. Adjustment A6 – Record accrued fees earned of $500. Bal....16,340 Revenues Assets Bal.....2,220

34 C Adjustments – Accrued Revenue Accounts Receivable Fees Earned As of December 31, NetSolutions provided 25 hours of services at $20 per hour to be billed next month. Adjustment A6 – Record accrued fees earned of $500. A Bal....16,340 Revenues Assets A6 A Bal.....2,220

35 C Summary of Adjustments Deferred Expenses Assets A1A2 Buying Side Rearranging the Debits

36 C Summary of Adjustments Deferred Expenses Assets A1A2 Deferred Revenues Liabilities A3A4 Buying Side Selling Side Rearranging the Debits Rearranging the Credits

37 C Summary of Adjustments Expenses Liabilities A5 Accrued Expenses Buying Side Selling Side Adding a New Transaction

38 C Summary of Adjustments Expenses Liabilities A5 Revenues Assets A6 Accrued Expenses Buying Side Selling Side Adding a New Transaction Adding a New Transaction Accrued Revenues

39 C Summary of Adjustments Deferred Expenses Assets A1A2 Expenses Liabilities A5 Deferred Revenues Liabilities A3A4 Revenues Assets A6 Accrued Expenses Buying Side Selling Side Rearranging the Debits Adding a New Transaction Rearranging the Credits Adding a New Transaction Accrued Revenues

40 C Financial Analysis and Interpretation Objective: Use vertical analysis to compare financial statement items with each other and with industry averages. Comparative Income Statements For the Years Ended December 31, 2003 and 2002 Fees earned$ 187, %$ 150, % Operating expenses: Wages expense$ 60, %$ 45, % Rent expense15, AmountPercent Vertical Analysis: Vertical Analysis: Wages expense $ 60,000 Fees earned $ 187,500 = 32.0%

41 C HOME WORK READING: 1.Illustrative problem 2.Self- examination questions 3.Multiple choice Writing: 1.Exercise 3-1; 3-17; 2.Problem 3-5A; 3-6B Discussion: 1.Activity 3-4 Eminent television repair

42 C The end of Chapter 3.


Download ppt "C3 - 1 Learning Objectives 1. The Matching Concept 2. Nature of the Adjusting Process 3. Recording Adjusting Entries 4. Summary of Adjustment Process 5.Financial."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google