Presentation on theme: "Ecological Footprinting has been defined as the method of measuring the 'load' imposed by a given population on nature. It represents the land area necessary."— Presentation transcript:
1Calculation of the Ecological Footprint Print of the University of Limerick’s A4 paper use
2Ecological Footprinting has been defined as the method of measuring the 'load' imposed by a given population on nature. It represents the land area necessary to sustain current levels of resource consumption and waste discharge by that population (M.Wackernagel & W.Rees). It is a method of calculating theamount of land needed to supportmodern life and later absorb its waste.In order to calculate an EF, data isrequired
3Various environmental factors are considered when calculating the Ecological Footprint of a product or service … they include…Type of land used to supply raw materials and to later sequester CO2,Source of energy used in production, (sustainable or non sustainable)chemicals used in manufacture, (biodegradable or non biodegradable)other toxic emissions createdGo with the data available
4UL used 2 EF formulae’sEnergy FootprintForest FootprintAlso included a Total Tree Usage....using formulas & metrics alreadyalready available.Main piece of data required was the amount (kgs)of A4 paper coming into UL.
5Weight of paper consumed (kg) Weight of paper consumed (kg) * the embodied energy of paper manufacture (7.24 kWh)* the carbon dioxide conversion factor for Ireland ( )* the recycling factor of 0.3 (excluded)* the conversion factor for land area sequestration for a tonne of CO2 in hectares (0.19)* global hectare equivalence factor (1.17).Sharing Natures Interest by Craig Simmons.
6There is approximately 125,000 kg of paper coming into the university each year.(50,000 reams x 2.5kgs)125,000kgs x 7.24 = 905,000 kWh/Kg ; “Embodied Energy” This is how much energy kWh, was used in the manufacturing of 50,000 kg of A4 paper905,000 kWh/Kg of “embodied energy” translates into 565 tonnes of CO2 produced. (905,000 kWh/Kg * Irish energy / CO2 equivalence factor (ESB website). aka carbon footprint
7Ecological Footprinting is quantified in terms of “hectares of land required to absorb CO2” and has a land sequestration conversion factor of so.This 565 tonnes of CO2 produced * land sequestration conversion factor (565*0.19) = 107 acresThere is a “Land Equivalency Factor” of This is basically a “world average” of the various different types of land that exists on the planet. It is a combination of forest land, grassland, ocean bed, desert land, etc. and it amounts to 107*1.4= 149.8150 global hectares which is UL’s A4 paper uses energy footprint …
8Doesn’t stop there..It estimated that 10 reams of 100% virgin copier paper uses 0.6 of a tree, therefore one ream of paper requires approximately 0.06 of a tree.As UL consumed 50,000 reams of A4 virgin paper in the AY, it follows that approximately 3,000 trees were felled to create that much paper.(1 ream of paper = 0.06 of a tree x 50,000 =3,000)
9Again this figure is somewhat “general”, it depends on the species of tree, (thousands)its age, (1 to 20 years old)its heights and diameter at both stem and top points,it’s location of growth,the type of wood i.e. softwood or hardwood. etcFinal note : Ecological Footprinting is a subjective science, there are no set rules only guidelines,data can be manipulated is often immeasurable
10Forest FootprintThe 3,000 tree value is an estimation of the number of trees required to supply UL with A4 paper for a single academic year.The formulae did not include the forests1. Sustainable Yield factor (of 2.34(how sustainable is the forest) or2. the Raw Wood Material Value (RWMV) of paper (which was 3.5:1),Both were then factored into a more sustainableForest EF formula.
11• 125,000 kg * 3.5kg/kg equates to a raw wood material equivalent (RWMV) of 437,000 kg. 437,000 kg of RWMV = 125,000kgs of A4 Paper• As each ream of A4 paper weighs 8.75 (3.5 x 2.5) kg/kg of raw wood material, it uses 0.06 of a tree, so the number of trees required to supply UL with its A4 paper for the AY was in the region of 2,879 trees.(8.75 kg/kg = 0.06 tree, therefore 1kg/kg of raw wood = 0.06/8.75 = of a tree, therefore 437,000 kg ( *437,000) = 2,997 trees).
12Forests need to be sustained, therefore a sustainability or yield factor of needed to be included in the formulae.This estimated a more accurate and sustainable bio productive area required to supply the raw wood necessary to supply UL with their annual A4 paper consumption while not reducing existing forest stocks.
13Thus the following forest EF formulae was determined: kg of raw wood material /global average forestry yield * equivalence factor. Calculation (05-06 data)• 437,000 kg of raw wood material.• 437 tonnes / 2.34 = 187 hectares of bio-productive area* 1.4 (land equivalency factor from energy EF)= global hectares.• The Forest EF of the University of Limerick’s ‘05-’06 A4 paper consumption is over 261 gha.
14So we had Energy EF (150 gha) and Forest EF of ( gha) ’05-’06= Total Ecological Footprint = 412 ghain ’07-’08 UL had Energy EF ( gha) andForest EF (176.77gha) for ’07-’08= Total EF ( gha)Subtract one from the other to show the total EF reduction gha – gha =134 gha134 global hectares of sustainable forest saved due to paper saving initiatives.