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Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends M.Sc. in Engineering Policy and Management of Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends M.Sc. in Engineering Policy and Management of Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends M.Sc. in Engineering Policy and Management of Technology The Energy System Current Situation and Market Trends PART I Prof. Manuel Heitor Maria João Rodrigues Pinto

2 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends CLASS Course Students Key elements and concepts of the energy system. Energy Supply. Energy demand. Energy consumption by sector. PART I 09h00-10h30 PART II PART II 11h00-13h00 BREAK: 10h30-11h00

3 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends STUDENTS PRESENTATION What’s your understanding of energy management? And energy policy? What’s your understanding of the course curriculum? What’s your interest and expections about the course? What’s your professional background? What’s the main theme of your dissertation?

4 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends Name:Alexandre Mateus Academic Background:Engª Informática e de STUDENTS PRESENTATION

5 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends Carlos Neves Engª STUDENTS PRESENTATION Name: Academic Background:

6 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Inês Azevedo Engª do Name: Academic Background:

7 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Miguel Fernandes Name: Academic Background:

8 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Rui Carvalho Engª Name: Academic Background:

9 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Sara Levy Engª Name: Academic Background:

10 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Susana Beira Medicina Name: Academic Background:

11 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Tânia Torre Engenharia Name: Academic Background:

12 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Tiago Oliveira Energy and Industrial Production Name: Academic Background:

13 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Miguel Carvalho Engª Informática e Micro-Geração com Pilhas de Combustível Name: Academic Background: Dissertation:

14 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Ana Oliveira Engª The Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Photovoltaic Very-Large Scale Applications - The Case of Amareleja Facility Name: Academic Background: Dissertation:

15 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS Vanessa Figueiredo Química The Role of Architects in the Diffusion of Photovoltaic Solar Technology Name: Academic Background: Dissertation:

16 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA OBJECTIVOS Desenvolver competências para a compreensão e análise crítica de políticas energéticas Sensibilizar para as dimensões de sustentabilidade energética Desenvolver competências para a compreensão das questões associadas às políticas públicas energéticas e de gestão de energia de diferentes perspectivas institucionais

17 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #0 Students presentation Course presentation Key elements and concepts of the energy system Energy supply Energy demand Energy consumption by sector 02/10/2004 Class #1 09/10/2004 Energy Balances Energy prices Energy, economy and environment: key relationships and indicators PAPER DISCUSSION OECD/IEA (2004), Analysis of the Impact of High Oil Prices on the Global Economy

18 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #2 The driving forces of energy policy Energy policy objectives Principles of energy policy design and evaluation INVITED SPEAKER António Castro, EDP Energy Market Restructuring: Merging the electricity and natural gas businesses PREPARATORY PAPER Toh, Kyung-hwan (2003), The impact of convergence of the Gas and Electricity Industries: Trends and Policy Implications, Working Paper, IEA 16/10/2004 Class #3 Energy policy strategies and instruments PAPER DISCUSSION EEA (2004), Energy Subsidies in the European Union – A brief Overview, EEA Technical Report 1/ /10/2004

19 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #4 30/10/2004 Energy efficiency, rational use of energy and demand-side management strategies. Overview of end-user sector energy policies. INVITED SPEAKERS Helder Gonçalves, INETI The Portuguese and the European Framework of Energy Policy for the Buildings Sector Miguel Arruda, Miguel Arruda Arquitectos Associados The impact of Energy Regulation in Architectural Design of Buildings PREPARATORY PAPER Official Journal of the European Communities L1/65, , Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 Concerning the energy performance of buildings

20 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #5 06/11/2004 Detailed analysis of environmental indicators The Kyoto Protocol and the Flexible Mechanisms. The IPPC Directive. Interaction between, and interoperation of, policy instruments. PAPER DISCUSSION OECD/IEA (2001), Energy Indicators and Sustainable Development, presented at COP7 meeting, 29 October–9 November, Marrakesh

21 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #6 Overview of supply-side energy policies Renewable energy policies – past, present and prospects in a liberalised market context INVITED SPEAKER Nuno Ribeiro da Silva, SOMAGUE The Wind Power Market in Portugal – Current Situation and Development Trends PREPARATORY PAPER Kamp, L., Smits, R., Andriesse, C., Notions of Learning Applied to Wind Turbine Development in the Netherlands and Denmark, Energy Policy 32 (2004) /11/2004

22 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #7 The importance of energy R&D in shaping energy policies Energy technologies, technological paths and learning curves Selected world energy R&D Programmes Energy R&D expenditure Entrepreneurship in energy markets: Presentation of the Energy Challenge Initiative by Maria José Francisco, IST/IN+. PAPER DISCUSSION Science (2004), Toward a Hydrogen Economy, Special Section, Science vol. 305, August /11/2003

23 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #8 27/11/2004 Key issues and drivers of energy markets liberalisation Regulation v.s. de-regulation Energy market structure and organisation in the liberalised context Energy market liberalisation and long-term security of supply INVITED SPEAKER Anibal Santos, REN Energy market liberalisation and economic regulation PREPARATORY PAPER Official Journal of the European Union L176/37, , Directive 2003/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2003 Concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 96/92/EC

24 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA PROGRAMA Class #9 04/12/2004 WORKSHOP The Future of the Energy System

25 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA AVALIAÇÃO Paper critical review 25% Final Grade GE Take-home Exam 50% Final GradeIE Class Participation 25% Final GradeIE

26 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA AVALIAÇÃO TOPICAL PAPERS CLASS PARTICIPATION 25% Final Grade 4 students groups 1 paper presentation at random (1/2 hour; no slides needed) 1 discussant at random (1/2 hour; do I need further readings?) group discussion (I will not be sleeping on Saturday morning!) PREPARATORY PAPERS Prepare at least one question for the invited speaker

27 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA AVALIAÇÃO Group work PAPER CRITICAL REVIEW 25% Final Grade Choose one paper among topical and preparatory (no repetition allowed) Maximum number of pages: 20 Language: EN or PT Review the paper including other perspectives Due in class # 9

28 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends APRESENTAÇÃO DA DISCIPLINA AVALIAÇÃO Date to be anounced TAKE-HOME EXAM 50% Final Grade Hand-out on Friday, due on Monday If there are doubts, there may be an oral exam

29 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends KEY ELEMENTS AND CONCEPTS OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM Energy supply Power plants Heat plants Gas supply Oil supply... End-Use Energy Heating Oil Gasoline Electricity Natural Gas... Energy Service Demand Car-km Motive Power Light Indoor Heat... Fuel Mix Supply Conversion Efficiency Fuel Mix Energy Intensity ENERGY SYSTEM “UTILITY” Governmental Intervention

30 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Data Source: DGE, 2003 Source: IEA, 2003

31 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Crude Oil OECD Countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States Source: IEA, 2003

32 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Crude Oil Source: IEA, 2003

33 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Crude Oil Reserves Source:BP, barrels = 136 Mt R/P 2002 = 40,6 R/P i : Number of years the remaining (proved) oil reserves would last if production remained at same level of year i of analysis

34 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Crude Oil Trade Movements Source: BP, 2003

35 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Natural Gas OECD Countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States Source: IEA, 2003

36 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Natural Gas Source: IEA, 2003

37 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Natural Gas Source:BP, 2003 R/P 2002 = 60,7 R/P i : Number of years the remaining (proved) natural gas reserves would last if production remained at same level of year i of analysis

38 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Natural Gas Trade Movements Source: BP, 2003

39 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Hard Coal OECD Countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States Source: IEA, 2003

40 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Hard Coal Source: IEA, 2003

41 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY SUPPLY Hard Coal Source:BP, 2003 R/P 2002 = 204 R/P i : Number of years the remaining (proved) coal reserves would last if production remained at same level of year i of analysis

42 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends END-USE ENERGY Source: IEA, 2003 Data Source: DGE, 2003

43 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends Source: IEA, 2003 ? ? END-USE ENERGY Electricity Fuel Mix

44 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY DEMAND Source: IEA, 2003 Oil Data Source: DGE, 2003

45 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY DEMAND Natural Gas Source: IEA, 2003 Data Source: DGE, 2003

46 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY DEMAND Coal Source: IEA, 2003 Data Source: DGE, 2003

47 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends ENERGY DEMAND Electricity Source: IEA, 2003 Data Source: DGE, 2003

48 Energy Management and Policy 02/10/2004The Energy System – Current Situation and Market Trends REFERENCES & FURTHER READING IEA (2000), The IEA Energy Indicators Effort – Increasing the Understanding of the Energy/Emissions Link, presented at COP6 meeting, November 2000, The Hague IAEA and IEA (2001), Indicators for Sustainable Energy Development, presented at the 9 th session of UN-CSD April IEA (2001), Energy Indicators and Sustainable Development, presented at COP7 meeting, 29 October–9 November, Marrakesh IEA (2003), Key World Energy Statistics BP (2003), BP Statistical Review of World Energy DGE, Balanços Energéticos Nacionais IEA (1997), The Link between Energy and Human Activity


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