Presentation on theme: "What Is the Clinical Significance of a Raised Blood C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Level in Patients with Inflammatory Lesions Adjacent to Metal-on-Metal Hip."— Presentation transcript:
1What Is the Clinical Significance of a Raised Blood C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Level in Patients with Inflammatory Lesions Adjacent to Metal-on-Metal Hip Replacements on MARS MRI? Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) Wed Dec :20PM - 3:30PM ROOM E451AKeshthra Satchithananda, Tahir Mahmud, Adam Mitchell, Anastasia Papadaki, Donald Mcrobbie, Shiraz Sabah, John Skinner, Johann Henckel, Justin Cobb, Angus Lewis, Alister Hart
2We are interested in the mechanism of failure of metal-on-metal hip replacements The London Implant Retrieval Centre>750 componentsWe have collected 280 MOM retrievalsLast week we received 6. We are now receinving hips from the USWe are funded by the British Orthopaedic Association with a contract that involves 8 Orthopaedic companies to allow them to use the data for regulatory obligationsThe Imperial College standard academic contract includes protection of our statements, ie the companies are prevented from manipulating our conclusionsPainful MOM hip clinic160 MARS MRI scans; 79 lesions foundHart, Skinner et al JBJS Br Jun;91-B(6):738-44;Sabah, Skinner, Hart et al Epub J Athroplasty 2010
3Plain radiographs do not explain failure: Well positioned cups, non-infected & well fixed
5Oxford definition of pseudotumour “we use the term ‘‘pseudotumour’’ to encompass all masses, whether cystic or solid. Lesions described in different ways by other groups (eg. cyst, bursa, ALVAL), would be classified as a pseudotumour in our centre.”Glynn-Jones, J Bone Joint Surg Br, 91(12): , 2009.It is an inflammatory problem
6Difficulty differentiating between inflammation and infection for painful MOM hips SierraBiant
7Purposea) To report the clinical correlation of CRP and MARS MRI findings on 97 patients with painful metal-on- metal (MOM) hip replacements.b) To guide radiologists and surgeons through the complex clinical interpretation of MARS MRI findings in patients with painful MOM hips.When investigating a painful hip replacement, Surgeons use raised blood CRP to indicate infection and help decide between a 1 and 2 stage revision procedure. The British Orthopaedic Association has recently recommended MARS MRI in patients with painful MOM hips because sterile inflammatory lesions can be the cause of premature failure. However, it is not known whether blood CRP is elevated in such cases.
8Many papers on pseudotumours Glyn-Jones, S.; Pandit, H.; Kwon, Y. M. et al.: Risk factors for inflammatory pseudotumour formation following hip resurfacing. J Bone Joint Surg Br, 91(12): , Grammatopolous, G.; Pandit, H.; Kwon, Y. M. et al.: Hip resurfacings revised for inflammatory pseudotumour have a poor outcome. J Bone Joint Surg Br, 91(8): , Harvie, P.; Giele, H.; Fang, C. et al.: The treatment of femoral neuropathy due to pseudotumour caused by metal-on-metal resurfacing arthroplasty. Hip Int, 18(4): , Kwon, Y. M.; Glyn-Jones, S.; Simpson, D. J. et al.: Analysis of wear of retrieved metal-on-metal hip resurfacing implants revised due to pseudotumours. J Bone Joint Surg Br, 92(3): Pandit, H.; Glyn-Jones, S.; McLardy-Smith, P. et al.: Pseudotumours associated with metal-on-metal hip resurfacings. J Bone Joint Surg Br, 90(7): , Pandit, H.; Vlychou, M.; Whitwell, D. et al.: Necrotic granulomatous pseudotumours in bilateral resurfacing hip arthoplasties: evidence for a type IV immune response. Virchows Arch, 453(5): , Park, S. J.; Lee, H. K.; Yi, B. H. et al.: Pseudotumour in the bladder as a complication of total hip replacement: ultrasonography, CT and MR findings. Br J Radiol, 80(954): e119-21, 2007.
9Simple hypothesisDo patients with a lesion (pseudotumour) on MRI have a raised CRP?
10Method 97 patients Painful, non-infected, MOMHR Infection was excluded by hip aspiration and extended seven day cultures or low (<10mg/l) blood CRP levelMetal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI were performed.Sensitivity and specificity were calculated using a contingency table and the Chi square test was used to test for statistical significance.
11MRI classification 97 MARS MRI scans of painful MOM hips Classification developed by 2 MSK radiologistsBlinded to clinical detailsLesion categoryWallContentsShapeClass 1Thin walledFluid like:T1 hypo / T2 hyperFlat with walls mainly in appositionClass 2AThick walled or irregularNot flat and >50% of the walls are not in appositionClass 2BAtypical fluid:T1 hyper / T2 variableAny sizeClass 3SolidMixed signal
12ResultsA raised CRP was found in 34 out of 97 patients of which 88% of these had lesions on MARS MRI.In the 63 patients with a normal CRP, 53% had lesions on MARS MRI.CRP >10 predicts lesion on MRI with:Sensitivity 59%Specificity 48%Difference in the frequency of lesions between the normal and raised CRP groups was not statistically significant.CRP>10CRP<10Lesion on MRI303363No lesion on MRI43497
13MRI Type 1 pseudotumour Lesion Lesion a. Well functioning hip b. Painful hipLesionLesion
14MRI Type 2a pseudotumour a. Well functioning hipb. Painful hipLesion on T2Lesion on T2Lesion on T1Lesion on T1
15MRI Type 2b pseudotumour a. Well functioning hipb. Painful hipLesion on T2Lesion on T2Lesion on T1Lesion on T2 (coronal)
16MRI Type 3 PseudotumourA painful hipSolid Lesion
17ConclusionA raised CRP was commonly found in all patients with non-infected, painful MOM hips (probably as a result of a synovitis to the metal wear debris).However, a raised CRP did not reliably predict the presence of a soft tissue lesion adjacent to a painful MOM hip replacement on MARS MRI.
18CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION This study shows that a raised CRP level in a non-infected painful MOM hip replacement does not necessarily correlate with the presence of a soft tissue lesion.Our latest work shows no difference in the prevalence of lesions on MRI between 28 well functioning and 30 painful MOM hip.CRP may indicate a synovitis as the cause of a painful MOM hip
19Details of the patients groups Variable Median(interquartile range)97 patientsType of implantAdeptASRBiometBHRCormetDuromOxford hip score3D CT measured cup inclination angle (degrees)3D CT measured cup version angle (degrees)
20Conclusions50% of well functioning and painful MOM hips had pseudotumourOnly difference was for solid lesions: 1 painful versus zero well functioning hipsThe current definition of Pseudotumour is not clinically useful and misleading