Download presentation

Published byMalachi Gartside Modified over 2 years ago

1
**Exploring 3D Power Distribution Network Physics**

Xiang Hu1, Peng Du2, and Chung-Kuan Cheng2 1ECE Dept., 2CSE Dept., University of California, San Diego 10/25/2011 1

2
**Outline Introduction 3D power distribution network (PDN) model**

Circuit model Current model 3D PDN analysis flow Experimental results On-chip Current Distribution Resonance phenomena Noise reduction techniques Larger decap around TSVs Reduce Tier to tier impedance Conclusions

3
**Introduction Power delivery issues in 3D ICs Coarse power grid models**

More tiers => More current Same footprint on package TSVs and µbumps between tiers Coarse power grid models Missed detailed metal layer information Current source models Detailed 3D PDN analysis Frequency domain: resonance behavior Time domain: worst-case noise

4
**3D PDN Circuit and Current Models**

Circuit Model Lump model: Two-port model for chip between tiers Fine grid model: all metal layers: m1+ Current Model Power law Phase in f domain

5
**3D PDN Distributed Model[1]**

Power grid Structure: M1, M3, M6, RDL Each layer extracted in Q3D T2T: TSV+μbump Modeled as an RLC element Package: C4 bump based RLC model [1] X. Hu et al., “Exploring the Rogue Wave Phenomenon in 3D Power Distribution Networks,” IEEE 19th Conf. on Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems, Oct. 2010, pp. 57–60.

6
**Frequency-Domain Current Stimulus Model**

Noise depends on the current model Rents rule power law: P: power consumption A: area k: constant number γ: exponent of the power law Current configurations γ =0: single current load 0< γ <1: taper-shaped current distribution γ =1: uniform current distribution In f domain, we can tune the phase

7
3D PDN Analysis Flow

8
**Experiment Base Setup Two-tier PDN**

TSV setup: 3x4 TSVs connected to M1 and AP on both side 5nF/mm2 decap on T1; 50nF/mm2 decap on T2 2x2 C4 on T1 AP Per bump inductance: 210pH Per bump resistance: 18.7mΩ M1 M3 M6 AP TSV T1 T2 Pitch (um) Width (um) X step Y step 2.5 0.2 8.5 0.25 30 4 400 3 20 40

9
**Current Model: Input on T1**

Two-tier PDN + VRM, board, and package Decap: Current: T1; distr.(γ=0, 0.5, 1) Probe A: T1 TSVs B: T1 between TSVs C: T2 Observation Smaller γ => larger noise Resonance at non-TSVs, but not at TSVs brd-pkg T1-T2 VRM-brd

10
**Current Model: Noise Map w/ Input on T1 (@1GHz)**

γ=0 γ=0.05 γ=1 T2

11
**Current Model: Input on T2**

Two-tier PDN + VRM, board, and package Decap: Current: T2; distr.(γ=0, 0.5, 1) Probe A: T1 TSV location B: T1 non-TSV location C: T2 Observation Smaller γ => larger noise

12
**Current Model: Noise Map w/ Input @T2 (1GHz)**

γ=0 γ=0.05 γ=1 T1 T2

13
**Resonance Phenomena Decap: 5nF/mm2 @T1; 50nF/mm2 @T2**

Current: T1 or T2, unif. (γ=1) Observation: resonance vary with decap configurations Probe: T1 Current: T1 Probe: T2 Current: T2 Global mid-freq resonance non-TSV locations. From lumped model: No mid-freq resonance peak due to “Rm1” No resonance TSV locations

14
**Decap: Larger Decap Around TSVs**

Decap: Case 1: uniform Case 2: half of decap at Observation: Case 2 is better Probe: T1 between TSVs Current: T1 unif. Probe: T2 Current: T2, unif Probe: T2 Current: T1 unif

15
**Tier to Tier Impedance: Number of TSVs**

TSV Setup Setup Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 TSV X step (M1 segments) 40 20 15 TSV Y step (M3 segments) 100 18 # TSV 4 12 32

16
**Tier to Tier Impedance: Number of TSVs**

TSV(Xpitch,Ypitch) Case 1: (40, 100) Case 2: (20, 40) Case 3: (15, 18) Current: T1, unif. (γ=1) Probes A: T1 TSV B: T1 between TSVs C: T2 Observation noise drops as #TSV increases resonance f drops as #TSV increases Resonant f determined by Cd1 As T2T impedance becomes smaller, resonance frequency is determined by both Cd1 and Cd2

17
**On-chip power network model Current distribution model **

Conclusion On-chip power network model Current distribution model Power law current distribution model reflects the current-area relation Decap: Various on-chip resonances Techniques of reducing 3D PDN noise Larger decap around TSV area Small tier to tier impedance

18
Thank You! Q & A

Similar presentations

OK

Research on Analysis and Physical Synthesis Chung-Kuan Cheng CSE Department UC San Diego

Research on Analysis and Physical Synthesis Chung-Kuan Cheng CSE Department UC San Diego

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Product mix ppt on nestle jobs Ppt on types of soil conservation Slide show view ppt on mac Ppt on acid base balance Ppt on tunnel diode amplifier Ppt on geothermal energy source Ppt on electricity generation from municipal solid waste Ppt on javascript events status Ppt on different solid figures first grade Ppt on forward rate agreements