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Transforming DoD Training: Observations, Direction, Challenges 72 nd MORS Symposium Naval Postgraduate School 23 June 2004 Joint Forces Ready to Fight.

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Presentation on theme: "Transforming DoD Training: Observations, Direction, Challenges 72 nd MORS Symposium Naval Postgraduate School 23 June 2004 Joint Forces Ready to Fight."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transforming DoD Training: Observations, Direction, Challenges 72 nd MORS Symposium Naval Postgraduate School 23 June 2004 Joint Forces Ready to Fight Dan Gardner Director, Readiness and Training, Policy & Programs

2 2 The Training Challenge in Today’s Security Environment: Dynamic, complex security environment World of uncertainty and surprise Adaptive enemies Employ asymmetric approaches Non-traditional environments Skill set: war fighter - diplomat

3 3 Successfully Pursue the Global War on Terrorism Strengthen Combined / Joint Warfighting Capabilities Transform the Joint Force Optimize Intelligence Capabilities Counter Proliferation of WMD Improve Force Manning New Concepts of Global Engagement Homeland Security Further Streamline DoD Processes Reorganize DoD and the USG to Deal with Pre-War Opportunities and Post-War Responsibilities Department of Defense Priorities Transformation is a top U.S. Defense priority SECDEF Legislative Priorities Memorandum Dated 17 Mar 04 “The centerpiece of our training transformation effort will be the Joint National Training Capability.” Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, 9 April 2002 “The centerpiece of our training transformation effort will be the Joint National Training Capability.” Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, 9 April 2002

4 4 Training Transformation Vision and Capabilities Provide dynamic, capabilities-based training for the Department of Defense in support of national security requirements across the full spectrum of service, joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational operations. Establish Performance Assessment Architecture Joint Assessment & Enabling Capability Build Live, Virtual, Constructive (LVC) Training Environment Joint National Training Capability Create Dynamic, Global Knowledge Network Joint Knowledge Development & Distribution Capability

5 5 Joint Knowledge Development & Distribution Capability Mission Statement Preparing Warriors Individually through Development and Distribution of Joint Knowledge Customers Combatant Commands Military (Active and Reserve Components), Civilian DoD Personnel, and DoD Agencies Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational Organizations Products Courseware—Web-based Training; Computer Based Training Tools—Job Performance Aids; Decision Aids; Digital Gaming Services—Digital Libraries, Courseware Repositories, JKDDC Technology Lab, System Expertise Global distribution environment

6 6 Joint Knowledge Development & Distribution Capability Outcomes Joint Certified Courses Individuals Joint Educated International / Multinational Reach-Back Mission Planning and Rehearsal Adaptability Regional Centers Regional Centers Human Experts Human Experts Models and Simulations Models and Simulations Digital Knowledge Bases Digital Knowledge Bases JKDDC War Colleges Universities War Colleges Universities

7 7 Build on Success Credible Opposing Forces Common Ground Truth High Quality Feedback Multi-dimensional peer adversary Asymmetric challenges Diverse targets / threats Integrated range instrumentation Joint Observer / Trainers Certified, accredited 1 st Training Transformation Major Training Centers 2 nd Training Transformation Joint National Training Capability Realistic Combat Training Joint context - horizontal / vertical Employs joint doctrine / tactics / techniques Live training with simulation / stimulation Mission rehearsal implications Realistic information ops and C4ISR Potentially deployable / distributable Focus on joint performance outcomes Ability to assess concepts and doctrine Feeds joint lessons learned Promotes Joint Training System use We Fight as a Joint Team - We Should Train in a Joint Context

8 8 Joint National Training Capability Goals: Improve management and coordination of joint training resources; Fully implement the Joint Training System Applications and provide the means to develop improvements in DoD warfighting capabilities; Embed the proper joint context into Service training tasks; Provide opposition forces and realistic threat systems; Create a persistent global joint training infrastructure; Provide a live, virtual, and constructive (LVC) environment for joint training events; Lead the development of advanced training technologies providing joint functionality interfaces and interoperability; and Coordinate and integrate activities with the other capabilities of training transformation. Mission: The Joint National Training Capability will continuously improve the ability of U.S. military, federal agencies, and multinational forces to fight effectively as a joint and combined team.

9 9 Joint National (Global) Training Capability Major Training Centers Major Training Centers Test Ranges Test Ranges Models and Simulations Models and Simulations Embedded Systems Embedded Systems Outcomes JNTC Joint Training Events Units trained to Joint Standards Mission Planning and Rehearsal New Joint Operational Concepts Lessons Learned Adaptability

10 10 Attributes of a Transforming J oint Force The Operator’s approach Deconflict Service Forces Stitch Service Seams Integration of Service Capabilities Effects-Based, Collaborative, Network Centric and Interdependent Air Forces Army Forces Air Forces Marine Forces Navy Forces Services Deconflicting Services Coordinating Services / SOCOM Integrating A coherently J oint, capabilities-based, J oint Force Multinational Army Forces Air Forces Marine Forces Navy Forces SOF Interagency SOF Army Forces Navy Forces Marine Forces The Military Most of Us Grew Up In

11 11 Attributes of a Transforming J oint Force The Operator’s approach Deconflict Service Forces Stitch Service Seams Integration of Service Capabilities Effects-Based, Collaborative, Network Centric and Interdependent Air Forces Army Forces Air Forces Marine Forces Navy Forces Services Deconflicting Services Coordinating Services / SOCOM Integrating A coherently J oint, capabilities-based, J oint Force Multinational Army Forces Air Forces Marine Forces Navy Forces SOF Interagency SOF Army Forces Navy Forces Marine Forces

12 12 Why a JNTC? Tactical Operational Strategic Theater Strategic National Unified Command Components Joint Force Headquarters Service Tasks Unified Command & Joint Force Headquarters Tasks Issue 1 Issue2Issue2 MARFORAFFORNAVFORARFOR JNTC can help to Close gaps & seams (Combatant Commander Title 10 vs. Service Title 10 responsibilities) at all levels of joint operations (i.e. joint command and control, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and other joint tasks). 2. Provide the capability to conduct coherent joint training across all levels with proper joint context. JNTC can help to Close gaps & seams (Combatant Commander Title 10 vs. Service Title 10 responsibilities) at all levels of joint operations (i.e. joint command and control, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, and other joint tasks). 2. Provide the capability to conduct coherent joint training across all levels with proper joint context. SOF

13 13 JNTC Experimentation and Testing Live / Virtual / Constructive Training Environment JFCOM CENT- COM Global Simulation Centers Service Simulation, Training and Testing Centers and Ranges JFCOM CENT - COM PACOM SOUTH- COM SOUTH - COM EUCOM NORTH- COM EUCOM A global network of live, virtual and constructive components that provides a seamless training environment that supports a broad spectrum of joint and Service training requirements SOCOM TRANS- COM STRAT-COM

14 14 JNTC Exercise Types Horizontal Training Exercise: Build on existing Service interoperability training Vertical Training Exercise: Link component and joint command and staff planning and execution Integration Training Exercise: Enhance existing joint exercises to address joint interoperability training in a joint context Functional Training: Provide dedicated joint training environment for functional warfighting and complex joint tasks [under study by Center for Naval Analysis (CNA)]

15 15 Horizontal Training Exercise Western Range Complex Joint Context in a J-Tactical Event Synchronized NTC/AW and CAX venues through a common joint scenario (NTC – 17 – 29 Jan 04; CAX – 25, 26, 28 & 29 Jan 04) Cross flow of fixed wing aircraft between the ranges (F/A-18s (USMC/Navy), AV-8Bs, F-16s) Opposition Forces: Non-Organic “Red” aircraft (ATSI A-4s); Higher density of Red surface-to-air threat systems; Information Operations: Operations Security, Computer Network Operations, Electronic Warfare Command and control White Cell: Joint Forces Air Component Commander, Combined Air Operations Center, Air Support Operations Center Fielding of JFCOM assessment teams at all live locations Integration of live, virtual and constructive simulations Live and virtual play of SOCOM resources Establishment of 29 Palms ground/air instrumentation T2- T2-JNTC planning process is a microcosm of the real world joint process: provides an excellent training environment

16 Integration Training Exercise Blinding Storm / Rapid Alliance / Combined Joint Task Force Exercise (CJTFEX) 04-2 Highlights

17 17 Background 1.Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff approved 2.COMUSJFCOM directed and sponsored 3.Commander Fleet Forces Command (CFFC) executed 4.First enhanced JFCOM joint interoperability exercise 5.First JNTC Integration event 6.US / UK bilateral training exercise

18 18 CJTFEX 04-2 First JNTC Integration event Training focus on functional component commands Analysis focus on Joint Tactical Tasks (JTT) Coalition participation in a JNTC event Primary Participant: United Kingdom Secondary Participants: Canada, Germany, France, Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Italy and Peru Observers: Australia, Brazil, Sweden Test processes incorporating Joint Combat Identification Evaluation Team and Joint Testing & Evaluation to greater degree in training events

19 19 13 Approved Technology Concept Demonstrations Evaluations / Tactics, Techniques & Procedures Validation (6): Joint Command & Control, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (JC2ISR) Joint Testing & Evaluation (JT&E) Joint Cruise Missile Defense Joint Testing & Evaluation Joint Global Positioning System Combat Effectiveness (JGPSCE) Joint Methodology to Assess C4ISR Architecture (JMACA) Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (JUAV) Joint Datalink Information Combat Effectiveness (JDICE) Demonstrations (4): Targets Under Trees Coalition Combat ID Advanced Concept Technology Demo Grenadier Brat-Laser Range Finder Multi-Sensor Integration Demo Service Software Operational Effectiveness Evaluation (3): Chief of Naval Operations Project # 801 – (DDG 51) Lower Tier Project Office Patriot Radar Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC)

20 20 EP-3 MAST SOF -SSE VIRTUAL Virtual Simulators AC-130 and MH-53 EP-3 MAST – EP-3 Mission Avionics System Trainer SSE- Squad Synthetic Environment ASTi – Advanced Simulation Technologies Inc. SOF –V-AC-130 V-MH-53E ASTi Hub AWSIM WS ATI JCATS JSAF ICE JSAF DBST SUITEAWSIM ASSET JSAF JQUAD NWARS (SCI) JCATSTACSIM SIGSMUSE MDST FMS-D ICE M&S & Instrumentation ATI – AWSIM to TBMCS Interface AWSIM – Air Warfare Simulation ASSET – Automated Scripted Simulator Exercise Trainer CSP – CRC Stimulation Package DBST – Digital Battlestaff Sustainment Trainer FMS-D – Full Mission Simulator Digital ICE – Interactive Constructive Environment JCAS – Joint Command and Control Attack Simulation JCATS – Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation JECEWSI – Joint Electronic Combat Warfare Simulation JNETS – Joint Networks Simulation JSAF – Joint Semi-Automated Forces JSTARS – Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System JQUAD – 4 simulations (JECEWSI, JOISIM, JCAS, JNETS) MUSE - Multiple Unit Simulation Environment MDST – Missile Defense and Space Tool NWARS – National Wargaming System SIGS- Synthetic Imagery Generation System TACSIM – Tactical Simulation of Intelligence Systems TBMCS – Theater Battle Management Core Systems TESS – Tactical Engagement Simulation System CONSTRUCTIVE CSP TESS-F CJTFEX 04-2 Sites CRC Eglin AFB FT BRAGG TACTRAGRULANT Dam Neck MCB Camp Lejeune Schriever AFB JTASC Hurlburt Field CFACC – Shaw AFB NAS Oceana NAS FALLON PAX River FT BLISS, TX FT BENNING MCAS Cherry Pt NC Bogue Field NC FT STORY DMOC –Kirtland AFB Langley AFB Seymour Johnson AFB Pope AFB OPFOR Air 1 st FW Live Forces SOF – 7 TH SFG, UK SOF Army – 34ID (RC) Marines – 2 nd MEB (-), 3 Cdo Air Force – 1 ST, 4 th, 20 th FWs, UK RAF Navy – COMSECONDFLT, INVINCIBLE BATTLE GROUP, NASSAU ATG, MINE COUNTERMEASURES – Gulf of Mexico Patriot battery Analysis elements 34 th ID ARFOR / JSOTF RC Patriot BDE HQ Patriot BN HQ Patriot RC Analysis elements 263 RD AAMDC 20 th FW UK RAF Analysis elements 24 TH MEU 2 ND MEB 3Cdo OPFOR Ground CJSOTF 513 MI Bde (-) 1 st FW UK AF 4 th FW CCJTF, CFMCC, CSG, ESG, USN & coalition ships at Sea AEGIS DDG (2) NAVFOR RC SOF Live

21 21 Road Map to IOC Jan 04Oct 04Mar 04Jun 04Sep 04Jul 04Oct 03Apr 04May 04Aug 04Feb 04Jul 03 Horizontal Training Event Eastern Range Complex JNTC Horizontal Exercise involving Joint Readiness Training Center, Ft. Polk and Air Warrior II, Barksdale AFB JNTC FOC Oct 09 JNTC IOC Oct 04 Vertical Training Event Eastern Range Complex JNTC Vertical Exercise designed to train USNORTHCOM Staff, JTF, Components, and Government Agencies Horizontal Training Event Western Range Complex Integration Training Event Eastern / Gulf Range Complex A Bilateral Exercise Employing Joint and Combined Forces in a littoral environment involving forces at Camp Lejeune, Cherry Point, Eglin AFB, Shaw AFB, Ft Story, USS Nassau, USS Mt Whitney, USS John F. Kennedy, JWFC A Full Integration Exercise with a brigade rotation at the National Training Center, Air Warrior from Nellis AFB, and USMC Combat Arms Exercise, 29 Palms

22 22 Joint Assessment and Enabling Capability Mission: Ensure the systematic assessment of joint training and the effect from Training Transformation; provide enabling tools and procedures to JKDDC and JNTC to enhance joint force readiness Customers: COCOMs; OSD; Joint Staff; JMOs; Military Services; Interagency; Coalition Partners Goals: Dynamic Joint Training System with next Generation Tools and Metrics Robust Joint Lessons Learned Capability System that Tracks Joint Qualifications and Experience Linkage of Joint Training Outcomes to Readiness New Joint Mission Essential Tasks for Interagency and Coalition New Training Assessment Guidelines Policies Joint Training System Enterprise Architecture Advanced Assessment Tools and Metrics T2 Block Assessments and Recommendations

23 23 Joint Assessment and Enabling Capability Outcomes JNTC JKDDC Unit T2 Capabilities Joint Operational Concepts Training Value DOTMLPF Barriers Strategy and Investments Strategic Transformation Appraisal Strategic Transformation Appraisal Defense Readiness Reporting System Defense Readiness Reporting System Staff Individual JAEC

24 24 Performance Assessment Concept T2 Vector Assessments COCOM Alignment Service Alignment Force Transformation Alignment T2 Integration Assessments Policy integration Program and process integration Information systems integration T2 Training Value Assessments Joint Educated and Trained Personnel - quantity Staffs & Unit skill mix Responsiveness to COCOM requirements changes Source: 2004 DoD Training Transformation Implementation Plan (Section 1.0) Throughput All Forces Joint Educated and Trained Near-Term Outcome Innovation Enable Environment to Create New Joint Operational Capabilities Mid-Term Outcomes Transparency Dynamic Mission Planning and Rehearsal Far-Term Outcomes T2 metrics evolve over time to guide achievement of successive outcomes

25 25 Training Capabilities AoA Way Ahead SSG Decision Recap Blended Course of Action for future training Agree to content/structure of Final Report AoA Report ready for final staffing NLT 15 July Deliver AoA Report to USD (AT&L) NLT 1 August Schedule next SSG or T2 ESG update in Aug 04 Develop programmatic level detail for FY Reengage program review process later this year Initiate draft Program Change Proposal (PCP) Respond to brief Congress within 90 days

26 26 Dr. Chu’s Challenge to MORS 2003 Scientific and technological innovations Improved net-centric tools, processes, and methods New analytical methods and measures Joint training effectiveness and joint readiness Adaptability / intuitively joint response New joint operational concepts Cross-cultural and organization interoperability Conduct assessments and make recommendations

27 For additional information on Transforming DoD Training MORS Mini-Symposium/Workshop September September 2004 SAIC Conference Center SAIC Conference Center Tysons Corner VA Tysons Corner VA


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