2 What is an Exposition text ? It is piece of text that present one side of an issue.There are two kind of exposition text :1. ANALYTICAL EX[POSITION (Eksposisi Analitis)Ciri umun :a. The communicative purpose of the Text (Tujuan Komunikatif Text)To persuade the readers to be concerned with one case (Mempengaruhi pembacauntuk memberikan perhatian terhadap suatu masalah tertentu denganmengajukan argumen- argumen).b. The Generic Structure of the text (Struktur Teks)- Thesis ( Introduces topic and indication writer’s position)- A rguments ( Shows a series of arguments that support the thesis)- Reiteration ( The writer restates his/her point of view)
3 Example:(Analytical text) The importance of English LanguageI personally think that English is the world’s most important language. Why do I say world, either as a first or second language . Secondly, English is also the key which opens doors to scientific and technical knowledge, which is needed for the economic and politic development of many countries in the world. Thirdly , English is a top requirement of those seeking jobs. Applicants who master English are more favorable than those who don’t .From the facts above, it is obvious that every students should learn English to great the global era.
4 2. HORTATO RY EXPOSITION (Eksposition Hortatory) Ciri umum: a 2. HORTATO RY EXPOSITION (Eksposition Hortatory) Ciri umum: a. The communicative purpose of the text ( Tujuan Komunikatif Teks ) To persuade the readers that something should be or should not be the case ( mempengaruhi pembaca bahwa sesuatu itu sebenarnya demikian atau tidak demikian). b. The Generic Structure o f the text ( Struktur Teks ) - Thesis ( S tates an issue of concern ) - Argument ( Gives reasons for concern , leading to recommendation ) - Recommendation ( States what ought or ought not to happen)
5 Example :Television.Television has a great influence on our ideas about what is right and wrong, about the way we should behave, and about life in general.Sometimes the values and life styles that we get from television are in conflict with those that are taught at home and school, Critics on television point out that crime and western programs often appeal to a taste of violence, while many game show appeal to greed.Many critics also believe that television should be used for socially constructive purposes as well as for entertainment.
6 Language features of Analytical and Hortatory Exposition Language features of Analytical and Hortatory Exposition. - Emotive words such as alarmed, worried. - Words that quality statements such as usual, probably. -Words that link arguments such as firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore. - Simple present tense. - Compound and complex sentence - Modal Auxiliaries;(e.g; must, should ) - Modal adverbs;( e.g; certainly, surely, etc) - using temporal connective;(e,g; firstly, secondly, etc) - using evaluation words;(e.g; important, valuable, etc) - using passive voice.
7 Study the following example of Generic structure of Analytical Text. Thesis Smoking should be banned in all public places. It will help us have healthy human resources.It is well-known that smoking causes cancer that leads to death. It has also been proven that cigarette smoke Argument can harm non smokers when they are around people who smoke. Statistics show that there is greater possibility for non-smokers to suffer from lung cancerthan people who don’t have any contact with cigarette at all.Considering the facts , it seems logical to ban smoking in Reiteration all public places.