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An Overview of IPL in Medicine

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1 An Overview of IPL in Medicine
Tien K Khoo MRCP(UK), PhD

2 Griffith University IPL framework
3-phase implementation Phase 1 (Y1) Introduction to health professions Phase 2 (Y2-Y4) Simulated professional team experience Phase 3 (Y4) Real service professional team experience

3 Compulsory activity (Yes/No) Assessed activity (Yes/No)
MBBS/ MD YEAR PHASE ACTIVITY Compulsory activity (Yes/No) Evaluation Assessed activity (Yes/No) PARTICIPANTS 2013 1 Health Professional Literacy Yes No 159 2 Advanced Communication Skills 151 CLEIMS 3 146 CLEIMS 4 153 3 Chronic Disease Wellness Program (Robina Health Precinct) 4 2014 Neuropsych Workshop 85 Mental Health Practice Workshop (151) 143

4 Phase 1: PBL Y1-2 MBBS/ MD degree PBL: Learning objectives
A 70 year old widow, fractured neck of femur, post-operative delirium with ongoing cognitive decline. “Describe the roles, practices and expertise of effective members of each of the other major health professions, in this case focusing on psychologists”  “Describe the support services available for individuals with a dementing illness, and their carers”

5 Phase 2 - CLEIMS Clinical Learning through Extended Immersion in Medical Simulation (CLEIMS) Extended simulated patient care experience over a week and are joined at realistic points in the story by students from other professions. Narrative contrivances and guided reflection to enhance fulfilment of interprofessional learning outcomes Year 3: One patient Year 4: Eight patients BMC Med Educ 2014; 14:90

6 Phase 2: CLEIMS Expectations & objectives need to be outlined
Guidance required; combination of resource sessions (didactic seminars and skills workshops) Alignment of student professions crucial (incl level of study) Test-retest useful to reinforce learning

7 Phase 3: Chronic Disease Wellness Program
2013 pilot project - Y4 elective/ selective placements Robina Health Precinct; outpatient facility primarily catering for chronic diseases (COPD, diabetes, renal failure, heart failure) and rehabilitation (stroke, MS, orthopaedic). 2 students per placement embedded into specific multidisciplinary teams with a focus on interprofessional practice

8 Phase 1-3: Reflective journals
Modified Krathwohl scale


10 Phase 3: Chronic Disease Wellness Program

11 IPE through e-learning
Health Challenges for the 21st Century (PBH1205), School of Public Health/ Medicine 10 CP, part of Foundation Course 15% IPL Quiz based on e-learning module of half-interviews on 18 health professions. Two sets of MCQ; 20 questions Formative MCQ completed prior videos & summative MCQ. 2nd assessment = marked component Also part of Communication Skills for Oral Health (DOH1008) course, School of Dentistry 5 CP

12 IPE through e-learning
Example MCQ: There is a change in weather and Belinda’s asthma flares up. She has been using her current medication but it is not helping. Which health professional listed below would be most appropriate for Belinda to consult in order to get advice on her asthma situation and more appropriate treatment? A pharmacist to change Belinda’s regular prescription to a stronger prescribed medicine that gives her better asthma relief A radiographer to capture x-ray images of her lungs to rule out the changes are not related to a lung infection and provide a referral to a medical specialist for treatment. An asthma nurse practitioner, a specialist nurse trained to assess asthma and to prescribe medication for asthma A social worker to advise Belinda on available financial support for asthma treatment and provide an asthma action plan. An occupational therapist to advise Belinda how to change her home environment to reduce stimuli that will exacerbate her asthma and prescribe an appropriate alternative medicine.

13 IPE through e-learning
PBH(MED)1205: Data analysis in progress 336 students who participated in 2013 287 (85.4%) complete data sets

14 Survey of IPE e-learning package
POSITIVE What was good about the online package? Able to access anywhere Can do it on my own time Really outlined well a lot of health professionals Clear and easy to follow Entertaining video-aided learning Allowed me to go over what was said in lectures Helped me learn about different roles Concise

15 Survey of IPE e-learning package
NEGATIVE What was bad about the online package? Dependent on internet activity Didn’t always load properly Detail was a bit unclear Some questions were too broad and ambiguous A lot of information to take in

16 Survey of IPL lectures (PBH1205)
POSITIVES What was good about IPL lectures? Provided insight Professional lecturers Building knowledge and skills on health professionals; more interesting then previous topics Multiple viewpoints Very interactive and personalised, much more effective than normal

17 Survey of IPL lectures (PBH1205)
NEGATIVES What was bad about IPL lectures? Not too much, most what they taught was common knowledge Didn’t attend

18 Financial optimisation
Example: CLEIMS Y4 (School of Medicine) Cost of hardware, consumables, academic staff, facilitators, simulated patients; AUD$31,000/ run 4 runs per year = $124,000/ year cost per medical student/ year = ~$827 Following IPE ‘buy-in’ from other schools; dietetics, pharmacy, physiotherapy/ exercise physiology; Cost per health school student/ year = ~$460* 45% cost impact *based on per student participation

19 Challenges Readiness to change – Program level
Readiness to engage – Individual level Resources Incentives for change “How do you raise the need for change within your institution?” “What will you be saying to your head of school/ dean/ PVC/ director?

20 Acknowledgement ALL COLLEAGUES involved at the School of Medicine, especially; CLEIMS team Communication skills team PBL team (incl facilitators) Health IDEAS Pit Chan, Fiona Ellem & Gary Rogers

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