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Finding the equation of a line. POINT-SLOPE FORM y – y1 = m ( x – x1 )

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Presentation on theme: "Finding the equation of a line. POINT-SLOPE FORM y – y1 = m ( x – x1 )"— Presentation transcript:

1 Finding the equation of a line. POINT-SLOPE FORM y – y1 = m ( x – x1 )

2 Bell Work Using the point-slope form, find the equation of the line with the given conditions. Express your answer in y=mx + b. 1. Having a slope of 3 and passing through the point ( 4, 5 ). 2. Having a slope of -2 and passing through the point ( - 1, 6 ) 3. m = 8, ( 7, 4 ) 4. m = -10, ( 6, -8 ) 5. m = 5, ( 9, 3 )

3 Take Note  If the given is the slope and a point on the line, we can use the point-slope form which is.  y – y1 = m ( x – x1 )

4 What if the given slope is a fraction?  Try this! Find the equation of the line having a slope of ¾ and passing through ( 2, 5 ).

5 Solution Given : m = ¾ and passing through ( 2,5 ) y – y1 = m ( x – x1 ) y – 5 = ¾ ( x – 2 ) y – 5 = ¾ x – 6/4 y = ¾ x – 6/4 + 5 y = ¾ x + 7/2

6 Another solution m = ¾ and passing through ( 2, 5 ) y – y1 = m ( x – x1 ) y – 5 = ¾ ( x – 2 ) 4 ( y – 5 ) = 3 ( x – 2 ) 4y – 20 = 3x – 6 4y = 3x – y = 3x y = ¾ x + 7/ 2

7 Try this! Find the equation of the line having the slope of ½ and passing through ( - 3, 4 )

8 Try this! Find the equation of the line having a slope of 2/5 and passing through ( - 3, - 6 )

9 Try this! Find the equation of the line having a slope of -2/7 and passing through ( - 1, - 4 )

10 Think – Pair - Share Find the equation of the line given the slope and a point. 1. m = 2/3 ( 4, 7 ) 2. m = ¼ ( 3, 1) 3. m = 3/5 ( -2, 4) 4. m = - 1/8 ( 3, -2) 5. m = ½ ( 0, -23 )

11 Finding Slopes and y - intercepts from Equations y = mx + b

12 Objectives:  Change a linear equation to the form y = mx + b.  Determine the slope of a line and the y-intercept from the given equations.

13 Thoughts to Ponder  To determine the slope and y – intercept from a given equation, solve the equation for y in terms of x and express the resulting equation in the form y = mx + b. The coefficient of the x- term is the slope (m) and the constant term b represents the y-intercept.

14 Example:  Find the slope of the line and y- intercept of 8x + y = 10. Solution: Given: 8x + y = 10 y = mx + b y = -8x + 10 Therefore the slope is -8 and the y- intercept is 10.

15 Example Find the slope and y-intercept in the line 2x + 2y = 12 Solution: 2x + 2y = 12 2y = -2x y = -x + 6 Slope = -1 : y-intercept = 6

16 Try this! Change 3y + 15 = 3x in y-form.

17 Try this! Change 2y + 6x = 30 in y-form.

18 Board Drill  Change the following equations in the form y = mx + b. 10 x + y = 3

19 2x – 2y = 6

20 10x + 5y = 25

21 14 x- 7y = -12

22 2y – 4 = 35 – x

23 Seatwork Change the following equations in the form y = mx + b, then determine the slope and y- intercept. GivenY-formslopeY-intercept 1. 9x + y = x + 2y = y + 5x = 2y x + 6y = x + 3y = 15

24 Standard Form of Linear Equations Ax + By = C

25 Mathematical Concepts  Standard Form Ax + By = C  This is one of the two forms of a linear equation. The letters A, B, and C represent numbers. The numbers may not be fractions.

26 Examples 1. Change the equation y = -2x + 5 in Standard Form Given: y = -2x + 5 Solution: Just put all the variable terms on the left side of the equation. Note: x – term must comes first Answer: 2x + y = 5

27 Examples 2. Change the equation y = 3x - 8 in Standard Form Given: y = 3x - 8 Solution: Just put all the variable terms on the left side of the equation. Note: the value of a should always be positive -3x + y = -8 -3x + y = -8 Multiply by -1 3x – y = 8

28 Examples 3. Change the equation y = -2/3x - 7 in Standard Form Given: y = -2/3 x - 7 Solution: Just put all the variable terms on the left side of the equation. Note: there must be no fractions in A, B, or C 2/3 x + y = -7 2/3 x + y = -7 Multiply by 3 2x + 3y = -21

29 Board Drill Write the following in standard form. y = 6x - 9

30 Board Drill Write the following in standard form. 3x – 5 = 2y

31 Board Drill Write the following in standard form. 7 = 2x – 3y

32 Board Drill Write the following in standard form. y = -3/4x -10

33 Board Drill Write the following in standard form. y = ½ x -7

34 Seatwork Write the following equations in standard form. 1. y = -8x y = 10x x – 6 = 7y 4. y = 1/3 x – 5 5. y = -4/9 x + 3

35 Drills Group A: -3/5 x – 7y = 11 Group B y = 8x - 13 Group C 5 + 4x = y

36 Drills Group A: -4/7 x – 2y = 3 Group B y = 9x + 2 Group C y = -2x - 7

37 Drills Group A: -3/8 x – y = 7 Group B y = -1/2 x + 9 Group C y = 3x - 4

38 Did you know that?......

39 Change the equation in standard form then find the values of a, b, and c 3x = 5y + 2 S. F 3x – 5y = 2 A = 3 B = -5 C = 2

40 Change the equation in standard form then find the values of a, b, and c y = 3x – 7 -3x + y = -7 Multiply by -1 3x – y = 7 Therefore: A = 3 B = -1 C = 7

41 Change the equation in standard form then find the values of a, b, and c 3/4x = y – 7 ¾ x – y = -7 4 ( ¾ x – y = -7) 3x – 4y = -28 Therefore: A = 3B = -4C = -28

42 Think-Pair-Share Complete the table below. GivenS.FABCmb 1. y = -4x y = 2x x = 5 – 9y 4. y = 2/3x y = -4/9 x - 3


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