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CHAPTER 5 5-8 solving radical equations and inequalities.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 5-8 solving radical equations and inequalities."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER solving radical equations and inequalities

2 OBJECTIVES Solve radical equations and inequalities.

3 RADICAL A radical equation contains a variable within a radical. Recall that you can solve quadratic equations by taking the square root of both sides. Similarly, radical equations can be solved by raising both sides to a power.

4 STEPS TO SOLVE

5 EXAMPLE#1 Solve each equation.

6 EXAMPLE#2 Solve each equation

7 EXAMPLE Solve

8 EXAMPLE Solve

9 SOLVING RADICALS WITH EXTRANEOUS SOLUTIONS Raising each side of an equation to an even power may introduce extraneous solutions.

10 EXAMPLE Solve Method 1 Use a graphing calculator. Let Y1 = and Y2 = 5 – x. The graphs intersect in only one point, so there is exactly one solution. The solution is x = – 1

11 CONTINUE Method 2 Use algebra to solve the equation.

12 EXAMPLE Solve

13 EXAMPLE Solve

14 SOLVING EQUATIONS WITH RATIONAL EXPONENTS Solve (5x + 7) = 3 1 3

15 EXAMPLES Solve 2x = (4x + 8) 1 2

16 EXAMPLE Solve (2x + 15) = x 1 2

17 RADICAL INEQUALITIES A radical inequality is an inequality that contains a variable within a radical. You can solve radical inequalities by graphing or using algebra.

18 EXAMPLE Solve. Method 1 Use a graph and a table. On a graphing calculator, let Y1 = and Y2 = 9. The graph of Y1 is at or below the graph of Y2 for values of x between 3 and 21. Notice that Y1 is undefined when < 3. The solution is 3 ≤ x ≤ 21.

19 CONTINUE Method 2 Use algebra to solve the inequality.

20 EXAMPLE Solve.

21 APPLICATION The speed s in miles per hour that a car is traveling when it goes into a skid can be estimated by using the formula s =, where f is the coefficient of friction and d is the length of the skid marks in feet. A car skids to a stop on a street with a speed limit of 30 mi/h. The skid marks measure 35 ft, and the coefficient of friction was 0.7. Was the car speeding? Explain.

22 STUDENT GUIDED PRACTICE Do even problems in your book page 380

23 HOMEWORK Do even problems from in your book page 381


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