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Chapter 22--Examples.

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1 Chapter 22--Examples

2 Problem A charge, +q, is surrounded by a thin, spherical shell of radius, a, which has a charge density of –s on its surface. This shell is, in turn, surrounded by another thin shell of radius, b, which has a surface charge of +s. Find the electric fields in Region 1: r<a Region 2: a<= r <=b Region 3: r> b +q a b -s +s

3 Step 1: Pick your shape I choose spherical! So

4 Region 1: r<a +q a b -s +s qenclosed=q

5 Region 2: a<=r<=b
+q a b -s +s qenclosed=q+(4pa2)*(-s)

6 Region 3: r>b +q a b -s +s qenclosed=q+(4pa2)*(-s)+ (4pb2)*(s)

7 Problem An electric filed given by E=4i-3(y2+2)j pierces the Gaussian cube shown below. (E is in newtons/coulomb and y is meters). What net charge is enclosed by the Gaussian cube? X=1.0 m X=3.0 m x y z

8 First, let’s get a sense of direction
4 y Planes y-z: Normal to +x x-z: Normal to –y y-z: Normal to –x x-z: Normal to +y x-y: Normal to +z x-y: Normal to -z 6 1 3 x 2 z 5 X=3.0 m X=1.0 m

9 Need to find qenclosed

10 Integrating each side (start with surface 1)
Region 3, in which the normal vector points in the opposite direction, will have a value of -16

11 The rest of the sides Since E is perpendicular to sides 5 & 6, the result is zero.

12 Problem The figure below shows a cross-section of two thin concentric cylinders with radii of a and b where b>a. The cylinders equal and opposite charges per unit length of l. Prove that E = 0 for r>a Prove that E=0 for r>b Prove that, for a<r<b, a b -l l

13 First, I choose a shape I choose cylindrical! So

14 For r<a qenclosed =0 a b -l l

15 For a<r<b qenclosed =lL a b -l l

16 For r>b qenclosed =lL-lL=0 This is the principle of a coaxial cable

17 Problem A very long, solid insulating cylinder with radius R has a cylindrical hole with radius, a, bored along its entire length. The axis of the hole is a distance b from the axis of the cylinder, where a<b<R. The solid material of the cylinder has a uniform charge density, p. Find the magnitude and direction of the electric field inside the hole and show that E is uniform over the entire hole. R b a

18 First, let’s do a solid cylinder of radius, R

19 Now what if we have an off-axis cylinder
We learned in Phys 250, that we can “translate” coordinates by r’=r-b Where b is the direction and distance of the center of the off-axis cylinder r is a vector from the origin b r’ r

20 Ehole= Esolid cylinder-Eoff-axis hole
All of these are constants and do not depend on r.

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