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Baluns and Ununs.

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Presentation on theme: "Baluns and Ununs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Baluns and Ununs

2 What Are They? Balun = Balanced Unbalanced
Current - forces symmetrical current on terminals Current determines radiation pattern Voltage – forces symmetrical voltage on terminals Less efficient, less common Unun = Unbalanced Unbalanced Transmission line transformers

3 What Is Balanced vs Unbalanced?
Balanced Load – ladder line Unbalanced Load - coax I1 I2 I3* *I3 = common-mode current is greatest at multiple of ½ λ

4 Types of Baluns Voltage or Current Transformer Current Choke
Torroid core Ferrite Powdered Iron Rod core Current Choke Air Wound Scramble Form Bead Torroid

5 Air Core – scramble wound
Types of Baluns Air Core – scramble wound Choke - Bead

6 Types of Baluns Torroid– ferrite Choke - Bead

7 L-R: 1:1 current balun, 4:1 voltage balun, 1:1 current unun
Types of Baluns/Ununs Torroid– ferrite Yaesu FC-40 AMU (unun) L-R: 1:1 current balun, 4:1 voltage balun, 1:1 current unun

8 Uses for Baluns and Ununs
OCF dipole Yagi Windom G5RV Unun Vertical Long wire Loop

9 Uses for Baluns and Ununs

10 Uses for Baluns and Ununs

11 The Project HF antenna capable of multi-band operation
Off-Center-Fed (OCF) dipole looked good – tuner not required OCF presents 200 Ω impedance Needed a 4:1 current balun to transform 200Ω to 50 Ω Articles by Jerry Sevick, W2FMI (SK) Amidon Associates

12 The Project

13 W2FMI 4:1 –HBM200 Balun FT-240-K ferrite core
two 14 AWG bifilar windings, 100-ohms each 15-mil teflon sleeve 1MHz – 50MHz range 2KW continuous 4KW peak 98% efficiency

14 Finished Product

15 Test Results* SWR Band Frequency 1.1 160 1.9 MHz 80 3.9 40 7.2 1.2 20
14.2 1.3 17 18.1 1.4 12 24.9 1.5 10 29 1.7 6 52.5 * Two 100 Ω resistors in series used to simulate load

16 Next Step 4:1 balun 1/3 2/3 coax 1:1 line isolator Yaesu 897D

17 Sources “Baluns: What They Do And How They Do It”, Roy Lewallen W7EL, ARRL Antenna Compendium, Vol. 1. “Transmission Line Transformers Handbook”, Jerry Sevick W2FMI. “The ARRL Antenna Book For Radio Communications”, 22d Edition, ARRL. “The ARRL Handbook For Radio Communications”, 88th Edition, ARRL. “More On The 1:1 Balun”, Jerry Sevick W2FMI, CQ, April 1994 Amidon Associates, Palomar Engineering,

18 Questions?

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