We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKylie Starks
Modified about 1 year ago
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Principal scientist Eija Alakangas, VTT Convenor of WG2 for CEN/TC 335 and ISO/TC 238 New international standards for residential and industrial pellets November 2013 ISO 17225-pellets standards
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 2 * ISO standards will be published as EN ISO standards in Europe2 European and international framework for solid biofuel standardisation WTO ISO/TC 238 Solid biofuels European Commission Supporting EU-funded projects CEN/TC 335 Solid biofuels Mandate No barriers to trade Standards LegislationStandardisation Vienna agreement* Results Information to market actors of solid biofuels
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 3 European (EN) pellet standards published EN 14961-1 General requirements − Include all biomass raw materials − Flexible classification, each property selected separatetely − Include classification of raw material, which is needed for the product standards Product standard EN 14961-2 Wood pellets for non-industrial use − Properties are bound together to class A1, A2 and B − ENplus certification system is based on this standard with some exceptions Product standard EN 14961-6 Non-woody pellet for non-industrial use EN 14961-2 and 6 standards are targeted for non-industrial use in small-scale appliances, such as, households, small commercial and public sector buildings.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Solid biofuels standardisation progress during 2000 - 2013 2000 2006 2004 2010 2014 2012 2008 Technical specifications (27 published) National standards in force European standards EN (36 published) National standards withdrawn International standards (≈60 under preparation) European standards will be superseded by ISO standards other countries make their own national decisions 1 vote each country 2 years preparation time 3 years in force Prepared 2009-2015 weighed votes 5 years in force Prepared 2007-2012 weighed votes 3 years in force Prepared during 2000-2006 CEN/TS EN ISO 4
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 5 International pellet standards (ISO) – 1 EN ISO 17225-1 General requirements (FDIS) − Include all biomass raw materials and also aquatic biomass − Flexible classification, each property selected separatetely − Include classification of raw material, which is needed for product standards − Includes also special property classes for thermally treated biomass pellets (e.g. torrefied pellets) EN ISO 17225-2 Graded pellets (FDIS) − Table 1 for non-industrial use − Table 2 for industrial use
© Eija Alakangas, VTT International pellet standards (ISO) – 2 Graded non-woody pellets – EN ISO 17225-6 (FDIS) − Table 1 for agrobiomass blends and mixtures (classes A and B) − Table2 for straw, miscanthus and reed canary grass pellets EN ISO 17225-1, 2 and 6 (FDIS stage) − Values has been agreed − standards have been sent for final approval in May (voting) − Standards will be published in beginning of year 2014 − ISO 17225 will supersede EN 14961 standards and will be published as EN ISO standards in Europe Graded thermally treated densified biomass (proposal stage) − Proposal for work item (WI) has been discussed in March in ISO/TC 238 meeting and there is support to also prepare this standard − Voting for new WI will done soon and if accepted standard will be prepared within 2 years. − SECTOR project is supporting planning and also AEBIOM torrefaction group. 6
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 7 Specification and classes (EN ISO 17225-1) Classification is based on origin and source, major traded forms and properties Hierarchical classification system in table format: − 1 Woody biomass − 2 Herbaceous biomass − 3 Fruit biomass − 4 Aquatic biomass − 5 Biomass blends and mixtures blends = intentional (composition known) mixtures = unintentional Chemical treatment defined as any treatment with chemicals other than air, heat or water (e.g. glued, painted, coated, lacqued or otherwise treated wood Chemically treated material shall not include halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals at levels higher than those in typical virgin material values or higher than typical values of the country of origin.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 8 Biomass Origin/Source Traded form (e.g. pellet) Solid biofuel utilisation chain Fuel production Solid biofuel Bioenergy use Conversion Documentation of origin (Table 1 in EN ISO 17225-1 Product declaration EN 15234 series (in Europe) Tables with property grades in EN ISO 17225-1 to 7 Fuel Quality Assurance EN 15234 series (in Europe)
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 9 Wood pellets for households and commercial applications* (EN ISO 17225-2, Table 1) * Facility that utilise solid biofuel burning appliances or equipment that have similar fuel requirements as residential appliances.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of industrial wood pellets (EN ISO 17225-2 (1) PropertyStandardA1A2B Origin and source EN ISO 17225-1 1.1.3 Stemwood 1.2.1 Chemically untreated wood* 1.1.1 Whole trees 1.1.3 Stem wood 1.1.4 Logging residues 1.2.1 Chemically untreated wood* 1.1 Forest plantation and other virgin wood 1.2 By-products and residues 1.3.1 Chemically untreated used wood Diameter and length (D and L, mm) ISO 17829D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) 10 * Negligible levels of glue, grease and other timber production additives used in sawmills during production of timber and timber product from virgin wood are acceptable if all chemical parameters of the pellets are clearly within the limits and concentrations are too small to be concerned with.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of residential wood pellets (ISO 17225-2) (2) 11 PropertyStandardA1A2B Moisture (M, w-%) ISO 18134M10 < 10 Ash (A), % dISO 18122A0.7 < 0,7A1.2 < 1,2A2.0 < 2,0 Bulk density (BD, kg/m 3 ) ISO 17828BD600 > 600 Fines (F, w-%)EN 15210-1F1.0 < 1.0 Durability (DU, w- % ISO 1783-1DU97.5 > 97.5 DU96.5 > 96.5 Net calorific value, Q (as received, MJ/kg, kWh/kg) ISO 18125Q16.5 > 16,5 Q4.6 > 4.6 Q16.5 > 16,5 Q4.6 > 4.6 Q16.5 > 16,5 Q4.6 > 4.6 Cl (w-% dry)ISO 16994Cl0.02 < 0,02 Cl0.03 < 0,03 N (w-% dry)ISO 16948N0.3 < 0,3N0.5 < 0,5N1.0 < 1,0 S (w-% dry)ISO 16994S0.04 < 0,04S0.05 < 0,05
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of residential wood pellets (ISO 17225-2) (3) 12 PropertyStandardA1A2I3 As (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 1< 1< 1< 1< 1< 1 Cd (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 0.5 Cr (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 10 Cu (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 10< 10< 10< 10< 10< 10 Pb (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 10 Hg (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 0.1 Ni (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 10 Zn (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 100 Ash melting behaviour* CEN/TS 153701 Informative, should be stated * all temperatures SST, DT, HT and FT in oxidating conditions at 550 o C. Pre-ashing temperature other than 550 o C should be stated. ENplus certification has 815 o C.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT 13 Wood pellets for industrial use (EN ISO 17225-2, Table 2)
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of industrial wood pellets (ISO 17225-2 (1) PropertyStandardI1I2I3 Origin and source ISO 17225-11.1.3 Stemwood 1.2.1 Chemically untreated wood* 1.1 Forest plantation and other virgin wood 1.2.1 Chemically untreated wood* 1.1 Forest plantation and other virgin wood 1.2 By-products and residues 1.3.1 Chemically untreated used wood Diameter and length (D and L, mm) ISO 17829D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) D06, 6 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D08, 8 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 D10, 10 ± 1; 3,15 < L < 40 D12, 12 ± 1; 3,15 < L <40 (1 % longer, <45mm) 14 * Negligible levels of glue, grease and other timber production additives used in sawmills during production of timber and timber product from virgin wood are acceptable if all chemical parameters of the pellets are clearly within the limits and concentrations are too small to be concerned with.
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of industrial wood pellets (ISO 17225-2) (2) 15 PropertyStandardI1I2I3 Moisture (M, w-%) ISO 18134M10 < 10 Ash (A), % dISO 18122A1.0 < 1,0A1.5 < 1,5A3.0 < 3,0 Bulk density (BD, kg/m 3 ) ISO 17828BD600 > 600 Max. 750 BD600 > 600 Max. 750 BD600 > 600 Max. 750 Fines (F, w-%)EN 15210-1F4.0 < 4.0F5.0 < 5.0F6.0 < 6.0 Durability (DU, w-% ISO 1783-197.5 16,5 Cl (w-% dry)ISO 16994Cl0.03 < 0,03Cl0.05 < 0,05Cl0.06 < 0,06 N (w-% dry)ISO 16948N0.3 < 0,3 N0.6 < 0,6 S (w-% dry)ISO 16994S0.05 < 0,05
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Specification of industrial wood pellets (ISO 17225-2) (3) 16 PropertyStandardI1I2I3 As (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 2< 2< 2< 2< 2< 2 Cd (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 1< 1< 1< 1< 1< 1 Cr (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 15 Cu (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 20< 20< 20< 20< 20< 20 Pb (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 20 Hg (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 0.1 Zn (mg/kg d)ISO 16968< 200 P (%)ISO 17830>99% (<3.15 mm) >95% (<2.0 mm) >60% (<0.1 mm) >99% (<3.15 mm) >90% (<2.0 mm) >50% (<0.1 mm) >97% (<3.15 mm) >85% (<2.0 mm) >40% (<0.1 mm) Ash melting behaviour* CEN/TS 153701 Informative, should be stated * all temperatures SST, DT, HT and FT in oxidating conditions (550 o C).
© Eija Alakangas, VTT Additional information CEN and ISO Fuel specification standards: Eija Alakangas, VTT, firstname.lastname@example.org tel. +358 400 542 454 Training material of wood pellets and non-woody pellets SolidStandards project (www.solidstandards.eu) This presentation is supported by PellCert project: www.PellCert.eu 17
Developing CEN Solid biofuel standards and implementation in Finland Key stakeholders workshop 9 March 2011, New Forest, UK Eija Alakangas, senior research.
European Wood Energy Markets Bengt Hillring SLU Uppsala, Sweden.
EIE065-EUBIONET II – 1 EUBIONET II EUBIONET II Efficient trading of biomass fuels and analysis of fuel supply chains and business models.
Sila National Park participates in the European project Bioeuparks that is taking place in the natural parks of five EU countries - the project aims to.
Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) production today and a Projection into the Future Presentation to the FEAD International Conference Bruges, 18 October 2002.
Bio-fuels in Clean Power Production & Transport 8th International Seminar (Moscow, November 2005) ISTC SAC.
Sponsored by: Biomass Implementation Workshop 29 March Matthew Woodcock Forestry Commission England Renewable Heat Incentive.
Sponsored by: Key Stakeholders Workshop 9-10 March Matthew Woodcock Forestry Commission England Key Stakeholders Workshop.
TECHNOECOMICS OF BIOENERGY TRADE CHAINS - IEA BIOENERGY TASK 35.
EU TACIS PROJECT Support and Development of Renewable Sources of Energy (Biomass) Objective Promote the use of biomass in Ukraine Veli-Pekka Heiskanen,
Production of RDF in Europe today FEAD-Congress ENTSORGA 2003Schulz-Ellermann Seite 1 Fédération Européenne des Activités du Déchet et de l’Environnement.
Waste Derived Fuels NERF, 6 th June 2013 Kirk Bridgewood Derwentside Environmental Testing Services.
Biomass. Biomass Opportunities Significant growth opportunity Industrial wood waste Industrial mill residues Forest residues.
PellCert Highlights of the Industrial pellets workshop 15 th of November in Laborelec - Linkebeek Contract number: IEE/10/463/SI Project duration:
Sponsored by: September Applying CEN Standards Prepared by Louise Simmonds TV Energy.
Approximation of legislation to the internal market acquis An EU funded project managed by European Agency for Reconstruction Directive 89/106/EEC on Construction.
Motiva Oy J Rautanen 1 BIOENERGY IN FINLAND Juha Rautanen, Motiva Oy Helsinki , Tallin Biomass & Bioenergy 2008.
BFS – Black Forest Systems Bulgaria Innovative approaches for a better environment Werner Kasel Based upon our experience in Western Europe.
Directorate General for Energy and Transport Euroforenet Conference 20/11/2007 Brussels European Commission Kyriakos MANIATIS Biofuels & Industry DG TREN.
ACTIVITIES UPDATE Tony Frost Wide range of topics on EWTA website.
What is CEN ? òEuropean Committee for Standardization, setting standards for Europe. òRecognized in Directive 98/34/EC as “the” competent European body.
FOREST FUEL - RENEWABLE ENERGY. Renewable energy Today, renewable energy is an important part of the Swedish energy budget. With its share in the energy.
What was an element? An element contains ONE KIND OF ATOM. One kind of atom only!
Centre of Excellence THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF SOLID FUELS – THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF SOLID FUELS – Processes of pyrolysis, gasification and combustion.
SEM10-04 Initiation of a Work Item ETSI Seminar © ETSI All rights reserved.
Mobile and Flexible Industrial Processing of Biomass, MOBILE FLIP.
Legal Metrology in Europe: Harmonising requirements trough directives and the cooperation of authorities trough WELMEC by Knut Lindløv Director Legal.
1 Course TEN-702 Industrial waste management unit-1 Lecture -4 & 5.
BP Biofuels a growing alternative Name Bob Saunders Title Russian Standards Conference, DBERR, 14 th Nov 2008.
A growing sector in figures. europeAn bioenergy outlook 2014 ©AEBIOM - European Biomass Association The European Biomass Association (AEBIOM) released.
Matching business and citizenship in Green Production and Green Consumption: Biomass use Bologna, 14th May 2014 Judit Rodríguez Department.
ISO/TC 154 Processes, data elements and documents in commerce, industry and administration ISO/TC 154.
Biomass Electricity Megan Ziolkowski November 29, 2009.
ISO TC 178 GLOBAL HARMONISATION PROJECT Asansor Istanbul 2011 April 15 th, 2011 Istanbul Christian de MAS LATRIE, ISO TC178 Chairman Traditional approach.
CESI QUOVADIS Workshop, Rome, October 24, QUOVADIS Quality Management Organisation, Validation of standards, Developments and Inquiries for SRF.
PROPOSAL FOR SETTING-UP THE IBERIAN GAS MARKET (MIBGAS) Harmonization of trading licenses in the Iberian area Terms of reference 10 July 2008.
Agro-forestry & crop combination options Dr Calliope Panoutsou Biomass Department CRES.
Solar Keymark The European Certification Scheme. 2 Solar Heating and Cooling Also known as solar thermal or solar water heating Renewable Part of Renewable.
Proposal for a new UNECE regulation on recyclability of motor vehicles Informal Document GRPE Reply to the Comments of the Russian Federation Informal.
Update on Liaison vAConsult Gerard van Amerongen SKN meeting Paris October
Matter: Properties and Change. Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass.
Bioenergy in Middle-Europe Current Market development and state support for development of bioenergy in Germany MSc. forest. Thomas Wehner.
سابقه تاریخی واژه استاندارد واژه استاندارد در زبان انگلیسی میانه (انگلیسی متداول ) به معنی پرچم و علم و کتل بود و این معنی هنوز هم در زبان انگلیسی.
Directorate General for Energy and Transport Ep European Commission European Forest Research « Outlook for the Future » 12 November 2004 (Brussels) José
WOOD BASED FUEL. Wood based fuel - Wood based fuel is a biomass that can be used as fuel – a biofuel, which was originally tree trunks, branches or roots.
Renewables/Bioenergy in Europe: legislation overview Jean-Marc Jossart Adriatic Wood Days 2015, Croatia 7 October 2015.
Forest Knowledge Know-how Well-being Luke’s and VTT’s joint research and innovation programme 2012–2016.
DANIELI THE RELIABLE & INNOVATIVE PARTNER IN THE METALS INDUSTRY EAF SLAG TREATMENT FOR INERT MATERIALS PRODUCTION SLAG VALORIZATION SYMPOSIUM April 15-17,
The renewables Directive 1.Sets mandatory national targets for renewable energy shares, including 10% biofuels share, in 2020 (Articles 3 and 5) 2.Requires.
SEGI-AT Sp. z o. o.Energy from the biomass2 Production of energy from the biomass - an option for the sustainable development of industrial land.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.