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Extreme Precipitation by High Resolution RegCM3 Over East Asia Jing ZHENG, Zhenghui Xie Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP),CAS, China Institute of.

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Presentation on theme: "Extreme Precipitation by High Resolution RegCM3 Over East Asia Jing ZHENG, Zhenghui Xie Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP),CAS, China Institute of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Extreme Precipitation by High Resolution RegCM3 Over East Asia Jing ZHENG, Zhenghui Xie Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP),CAS, China Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP),CAS, China Xunqiang Bi the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theretical Physics (ICTP), Italy the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theretical Physics (ICTP), Italy

2 Outline  Introduction  Model & Exp.  Results  Discussion

3 Outline  Introduction  Model & Exp.  Results  Discussion

4  Giorgi & Bi, 2000:  The internal model variability exhibits a pronounced summer maximum.  It significantly influences the day-to-day model solution, especially for summer precipitation.  Also affected by the model internal variability was the frequency of occurrence of heavy daily precipitation events.  A regional climate model simulation is characterized by an intrinsic level of internal variability which can be excited by any type of perturbation and is regulated by synoptic conditions, season, model domain, region of application, and specific simulation period.

5  Giorgi & Bi, 2000:  The internal model variability exhibits a pronounced summer maximum.  It significantly influences the day-to-day model solution, especially for summer precipitation.  Also affected by the model internal variability was the frequency of occurrence of heavy daily precipitation events.  A regional climate model simulation is characterized by an intrinsic level of internal variability which can be excited by any type of perturbation and is regulated by synoptic conditions, season, model domain, region of application, and specific simulation period.

6  Resolution?  Model? Its internal model variability?  the extreme precipitation,Yangzi and Huaihe Valley summer, 1998  compared to 60km resolution & observational data.  the results indicated that high resolution can give more details about the region of the extreme precipitation.  Additionally, the maximum of the extreme precipitation were different by the two simulations of different resolutions.  Difficulties in simulating precipitation, esp. extreme prec. 20km resolution of RegCM3

7 Outline  Introduction  Model & Exp.  Results  Discussion

8 Summary of RegCM3 Core  Dynamics: MM5 Hydrostatic (Grell et al 1994)  Radiation: CCM3 (Kiehl 1996)  Large-Scale Clouds & Precipitaion: SUBEX (Pal et al 2000)  Cumulus convection: Anthes-Kuo (1977) Grell (1993) Emanuel (1991)  Boundary Layer: Holtslag (1990)  Tracers/Aerosols/dust: Qian et al (2001); Solmon et al (2005); Zakey et al. (2006)  Land Surface: BATS (Dickinson et al 1993) SUB-BATS (Giorgi et al 2003)  Ocean Fluxes BATS (Dickinson et al 1993) Zeng et al (1998)  Computations Parallel Code (Bi, Gao, Yeh) Multiple Platforms More User-Friendly Code (Pal et al 2006; Since Giorgi et al 1993ab) ICTP…

9 Experiment Design (80*100, (32N,112E) Region – East China Period – Jun. ~ Aug. (June: Spinup time) Resolution – 2.5 o  60km  20km (80*100, (32N,112E)) ICBC Experiment  ERA40.vs.NNRP2 Cumulus Scheme Experiment (ERA40) Domain Size experiment (NNRP2, icup=4) Buffer zone experiment (ERA40, icup=4) ICBC Experiment  ERA40.vs.NNRP2 Cumulus Scheme Experiment (ERA40) Domain Size experiment (NNRP2, icup=4) Buffer zone experiment (ERA40, icup=4)

10 60km 20km

11 ICBC -- ERA40.vs. NNRP2 ERA40NNRP2 ?

12 Outline  Introduction  Model & Exp.  Results  Discussion

13 Time Series for Precipitation  NNRP2 vs ERA40 (icup=4) 60km  20km  ERA40(icup=1,2,4)60km  20km  4 observational stations:  Wuhan,  Hefei,  Nanjing,  Shanghai

14 ERA[i1] ERA[i2] ERA[i4] NNRP[i4] Ensemble Obs.

15 ERA[i1] ERA[i2] ERA[i4] NNRP[i4] Ensemble Obs.

16 ERA[i1] ERA[i2] ERA[i4] NNRP[i4] Ensemble Obs.

17 ERA[i1] ERA[i2] ERA[i4] NNRP[i4] Ensemble Obs.

18 Domain Size Experiment (NNRP2,i4) LargeSmallObs

19 Buffer Zone Experiment (ERA40,i4) BZ12 BZ18 ★ Obs

20 GPCP RegCM3CMAPCRU Met. stations Spatial pattern

21 ERA40_i4NNRP2_i4NNRP2_S ERA40_BZ tpr.vs. prcv July1998

22 Spatial pattern ERA40_i4NNRP2_i4NNRP2_S ERA40_BZ tpr.vs. prcv Aug1998

23 Outline  Introduction  Model & Exp.  Results  Discussion

24 Preliminary conclusion & Discussion  simulations were different by different resolutions/ domain sizes/ cumulus schemes/ forcing fields.  Resolution: higher resolution can give more details about the region of the extreme precipitation.  Domain: it depends, but smaller seems much higher peaks.  Cumulus schemes:  MIT-Emanuel seems better here.  Forcing fields: ERA40  southward rain band [vs. NNRP2 ]  Difficulties in simulating precipitation, esp. extreme prec.  Resolution & Precipitation?  Cumulus scheme? Domain size? Forcing fields?  Internal model variability?  Land Component of the Model? More accurate physical process? A CASE STUDY ----

25 Thanks for Your Attention!


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