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Direct Current Bridges
A Wheatstone bridge can be used to measure resistance by comparing unknown resistor against precision resistors of known value,
When the voltage between A and B is equal zero. Then the voltage for R1 is equal to the voltage for R2 I1 R1 = I 2 R 2 (1) I3 R3 = I4 R4 (2)
I Galvanometer is equal zero then I1 = I3, I2= I4 (3) Divide (1)/(I2 2) or
Calculate the value of R x if the bridge is balanced
R1 Rx = R2 R3
We can calculate V th and r th by the following: * First V th : Using voltage Kirchhoff law Vth =V1 − V2 = I1 R1 − I2 R2 =
seconded r th
Calculate the current flowing through Galvanometer in the figure bellow:
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