Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Patrick Smith Academic History PhD Project Title: Combining magma flow modelling and seismicity on Montserrat Supervisor: Prof. Jürgen Neuberg (aka Locko)

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Patrick Smith Academic History PhD Project Title: Combining magma flow modelling and seismicity on Montserrat Supervisor: Prof. Jürgen Neuberg (aka Locko)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Patrick Smith Academic History PhD Project Title: Combining magma flow modelling and seismicity on Montserrat Supervisor: Prof. Jürgen Neuberg (aka Locko) Funded by NERC Quota Award B.Sc. Natural Sciences from The University of Durham ( ) M.Res. Physics of the Earth and Atmosphere from The University of Leeds (2005/6)

2 Low frequency seismicity Weak high frequency onset Coda: harmonic, slowly decaying low frequencies (1-5 Hz) → Are a result of interface waves originating at the boundary between solid rock and fluid magma What are low-frequency earthquakes? Specific to volcanic environments

3 Source Propagation of seismic energy Conduit Resonance Energy travels as interface waves along conduit walls at velocity controlled by magma properties Top and bottom of the conduit act as reflectors and secondary sources of seismic waves Fundamentally different process from harmonic standing waves in the conduit Trigger Mechanism = Brittle Failure of Melt

4 Propagation of seismic energy

5 P-wave S-wave Propagation of seismic energy

6 Interface waves P-wave S-wave Propagation of seismic energy

7 Interface waves Propagation of seismic energy

8 Interface waves Propagation of seismic energy

9 Interface waves Propagation of seismic energy

10 Interface waves Propagation of seismic energy

11

12 reflections Propagation of seismic energy

13 reflections Propagation of seismic energy

14

15 Low frequencies High frequencies FAST MODE: I1 NORMAL DISPERSION SLOW MODE: I2 INVERSE DISPERSION Low frequencies High frequencies Acoustic velocity of fluid Propagation of seismic energy

16 I1 I2 Propagation of seismic energy

17 I1 I2 S Propagation of seismic energy

18 S I1 I2 Propagation of seismic energy

19 S I1 I2 Propagation of seismic energy

20 ‘Secondary source’ I2 Propagation of seismic energy

21 Surface-wave ‘Secondary source’ Propagation of seismic energy

22 Surface-wave Propagation of seismic energy

23 I1R1 Propagation of seismic energy

24 I1R1 Propagation of seismic energy

25 I2 I1R1 Propagation of seismic energy

26 I2 ‘Secondary source’ Propagation of seismic energy

27 ‘Secondary source’ Propagation of seismic energy

28

29

30

31 Most of energy stays within the conduit Propagation of seismic energy

32 Most of energy stays within the conduit Propagation of seismic energy

33 Most of energy stays within the conduit Propagation of seismic energy

34 Most of energy stays within the conduit Propagation of seismic energy

35

36 R2 Propagation of seismic energy

37 R2 Events are recorded by seismometers as surface waves Propagation of seismic energy

38 Why are low frequency earthquakes important? Have preceded several major eruptions in the past Provide direct link between surface observations and internal magma processes Correlated with the deformation and tilt - implies a close relationship with pressurisation processes (Green & Neuberg, 2006)

39 Incorporating flow model data Motivation for PhD Project Properties of the magma seismic signals (surface) Magma properties (internal) Seismic parameters Signal characteristics Incorporate flow model data into wavefield models Combining magma flow modelling and seismicity on Montserrat

40 Incorporating flow model data Aims & Methodology Derive seismic parameters Flow model data 2-D Finite-Element Use in wavefield models 2-D Finite-Difference


Download ppt "Patrick Smith Academic History PhD Project Title: Combining magma flow modelling and seismicity on Montserrat Supervisor: Prof. Jürgen Neuberg (aka Locko)"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google