2 Early Baroque Emphasis on classical Greek ideals was abandoned. Composers used flowery tonal embellishment to ornament melodiesThis went along with the new artistic traditionsName “Baroque” comes from the Italian word for “pearl”Continued to explore emotions
3 Terraced Dynamics Layered dynamic levels within a composition Compositions still remained one single mood throughout.
4 Beginnings of OperaFirst art form to recognize the potential of the solo voice for communicating a text’s meaning.Assigned the melody to one voice rather than keeping all the voices equally busy.Use of continuoAn accompaniment consisting of a harpsichord sounding the chords and the viola da gamba reinforcing the bass line.First appeared around 1600
5 Opera (cont.) Opera dramatized a story though music. The presence of a solo voice supported by accompaniment was essential.
6 Music within Opera Recitative Arias Speaking musically A combination of singing and speaking through which events of an opera’s story are told.AriasMore songlikeMarks a pause in the storytelling while a character reacts to the events.
7 Orfeo (1607) Written by Claudio Monteverdi One of the earliest operas on recordScored for soloists, chorus and orchestraUses recitatives, arias, madrigals and orchestral music.Madrigals use word painting.Tells of Orpheus’s descent into Hell to retrieve his dead bride Eurydice. He pleads his case so convincingly in song that he is permitted to lead her out, but with one condition. He must not look back to see if she is following or he will lose her again. Orpheus does look back, and Eurydice is lost. The god Apollo, however, comes to his rescue, taking him to a cloud where he can look down upon Eurydice forever
8 Tu se’ morta (You are Dead) Conveys grief with a melody and rhythm that follow the natural inflection of the text.High notes convey excitement and griefLow notes convey despair and death.
9 Tu se’ Morta You are Dead Tu se’ morta se’ morta, mia vita, Ed io respiro; Tu se’ da me partita, Se’ da me partita per mai piu, Mai piu non tornare, ed io rimango No, no che se I versi alcuna cosa ponno N’andro sicuro a’ piu profondi abissi, E intenerito il cor del re dell’ombre, Meco trarotti a riverder le stelle, Se cio negherammi empio destino, Rimarro teco in compagnia di morta! Addio terra, addio cielo, e sole, addieuYou are dead, dead my darling And I live; You have left me, You have left me forever, Never to return and I remain – No, no if verses have any power, I shall go boldly to the deepest abysses, And have melted the heart of the queen of shadows Will bring you with me to see the stars, Or if cruel fate will deny me this, I will remain with you in the company of death, Farewell earth, farewell sky, and sun, farewell.