4Intended OutcomesIO1: Recognise and engage with the communities (staff and students) which contextualise learning and teaching work in the GBSIO2: Feel equipped to prepare and facilitate effective tutorials which align with course objectives, GBS Program Goals and Griffith Graduate Attributes, and enable your students to learn and demonstrate the achievement of those course objectives, program goals and graduate attributes.IO3: Better appreciate and best perform to meet the many requirements of assessment, including assurance of learning, student experience and learning, teaching staff workload and coordinationIO4: Be encouraged to reflect upon your teaching experiences and contribute to continuous improvement and quality of GBS courses, while recognising the contribution of the tutoring experience to your own professional growth.
5T’ from today’s session... Better understanding of the structure of GBS, its programs and its coursesKnowledge of how your teaching contributes to the goals of the organizationKnow how to engage with the different communities within GU and how they can helpUnderstand how objectives of each lesson (tutorial) are reached through L&T activities and how best to help students achieve in the assessment items (formative and summative) - constructive alignmentHow to focus on reflective practice as a teacher - what worked? why did it work? what didn't work? how would I change it to make it better? - make notes and keep recordsUnderstand why evaluating your teaching is important to your career as an academicAsk if anything else they would have expected to be included in the session?
6Better understanding of the structure of GBS, its programs and its courses…
19Tutor Role (1)A tutor is responsible to the Course Convenor and the Head of Department for the conduct, teaching and assessment of one or more tutorials. Using prepared materials set by the convenor, the Tutor should deliver tutorial sessions to achieve learning objectives. The tutor should ensure that the tutorial is:
20Tutor Role (2)Conducted in a manner that is consistent with the approved Course ProfileConducted in accordance with the comprehensive tutorial guidelines prepared by the convenorModified, if appropriate, in response to its routine evaluations, andConducted in accordance with University policies, particularly the Assessment Policy;In order that all students may have an effective learning experience and an equal opportunity to learn
21Tutor Role (3)Ensure that every tutorial is reviewed using University SET and other means of evaluationRespond to student enquiries for explanation and discussion, including s, both in class and at other times as specifiedContact and follow up students who are not attending tutorials regularlyParticipate in all meetings of the teaching teamEngage in the coaching and development of other members of the teaching team.
22Tutor Role (4)Monitor class interaction and reflect on teaching practice, to improve course design and deliveryMark assignments, under supervision and with marking guidelines or rubricsProvide feedback to students, on assignments and in consultation
23Repository for Role and other documents... https://qplace01.domino.griffith.edu.au/gbs-staff-teamplace
24GBS Courses Lectures and Tutorials Students want a more interactive lecture experience and clear links between lectures (which are more than the text repeated!) and clearly purposed tutorials and assessment. Tutorials are not a positive learning experience if:They are unstructured, poorly structured, and/or lack learning objectives;They are used to present assessment items (e.g., other students presenting);They don’t align with the lecture material; orTutors provide different advice than lecturers.
25GBS Courses Lectures and Tutorials Positive tutorial experiences are often the result of clear tutorial planning by convenors, coupled with a ‘road map’ of the course which clearly links the constituent parts. Tutorials are often the students’ only opportunity to practice core skills and concepts, or to gain skills and understanding essential for completion of assessment items.(Operation Program Focus Report, October 2010)
26Integration of Assessment with Lectures and Tutorials
28OPF findings on Technology use... The results of an audit of shows an underutilisation of the learning management system by staff, however, with relatively low uptake beyond first year classes, except in AFE. Across all courses, the majority of use is posting of content (e.g., PPTs) and announcements, with far less use of interactive or assessment tools, and limited use of Grade Centre.(Operation Program Focus Report, October 2010)
32Knowledge of how your teaching contributes to the goals of the organization… How to focus on reflective practice as a teacher - what worked? why did it work? what didn't work? how would I change it to make it better? - make notes and keep records….Understand why evaluating your teaching is important to your career as an academic….Ask if anything else they would have expected to be included in the session?
33Evaluation of Your Teaching The Griffith University Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) instrument consists of three sections:mandatory, fixed questions which are the same across the whole institution;additional, but optional, questions selected by the individual academic staff from a database of questions; andspaces for respondents to write comments as text, with open-ended prompts to identify aspects done well and those that could be improved. (Sec 2.2)Timing of Data CollectionData collection using is completed between Weeks 10 to 14 each semester to facilitate the reporting and benchmarking of course and teaching evaluation data. Equivalent timing towards the end of a course is used for courses taught in non-standard periods or intensive mode. (Sec 2.5)(Griffith University Policy Library, 2010)
34Know how to engage with the different communities within GU and how they can help… How to focus on reflective practice as a teacher - what worked? why did it work? what didn't work? how would I change it to make it better? - make notes and keep records…Understand why evaluating your teaching is important to your career as an academic…Ask if anything else they would have expected to be included in the session?
35Communities of Practice? “…are formed by people who in engage in a process of collective learning in a shared domain of human endeavour.” Domain (shared interest and commitment) Community (learning –from each other- relationships) Practice (shared repertoire of resources: experiences, stories, tools, ways of addressing recurring problems…) (Wenger, 2006)
47Student CoPs (Transience & Persistence of Memes) Use example of 1600 students enroling in courses without having done the required pre-requisites. The ‘meme’ in circulation is that pre-requisites don’t matter. Now that we are enforcing them, students are going to percieve unfairness, that we are changing the rules...
48Memes“Unit of cultural transmission” (Dawkins, 1976)
49Student CoPs (Transience & Persistence of Memes)
50Toward virtueSD- this could be re-expressed as a spiral between four "towers" --> upward increasing effectiveness of CoP, commitments, recognition, aspirations, effectiveness <-- downward decreasing effectiveness of CoP, etc
51Strategies for Virtuousness Feedback/Formative AssessmentOther strategies?
52Better understanding of the structure of GBS, its programs and its courses… Knowledge of how your teaching contributes to the goals of the organization…Understand how objectives of each lesson (tutorial) are reached through L&T activities and how best to help students achieve in the assessment items (formative and summative) - constructive alignment…How to focus on reflective practice as a teacher - what worked? why did it work? what didn't work? how would I change it to make it better? - make notes and keep records…Ask if anything else they would have expected to be included in the session?
53Creating the Links1. Intro with TAPPS [talking aloud paired problem solving] discussion in pairs: Q1: What should be the object of tutorials in GBS? Q2: What kind of activities typically happen in tutorials in GBS? Summarise for the whole group on both Qs. Present list of tutorial activities.
54Creating the Links.2. In Groups: Consider a course with this assessmentPaper/Report Due Week 4 20%Mid-semester Exam Weeks 7 25%Group Project (paper) due Week 13 20%Final Exam week 15/16 35%The course also has predictable lectures and a list of readings with which students are expected to engage.
56Creating the Links.3. Using the chart (showing weeks, with a student assessment due lane) below, discuss and agree to a plan of tutorial activities which will integrate with the assessment schedule. Example
57Creating the Links.4. Now individually, refer to your own Course Profile (which you have all brought with you) and consider what the tutorial schedule should look like. Use the second chart template to prepare the integrated map for your own course.
58Session Planning and Reflecting what worked?why did it work?what didn't work?how would I change it to make it better?
59Creating the Links. 5. Whole group discussion re issues? Lack of a clear plan?Do Students and Tutors both understand the logic intended by the convenor? Just mirroring of lectures?Just a list of discussion questions from the convenor? Do I understand the assessment requirements enough to plan the activities? What about other tutors and consistency across the course and fairness to students? Etc.
60Creating the Links. Summary Lack of a clear plan?Do Students and Tutors both understand the logic intended by the convenor? Just mirroring of lectures?Just a list of discussion questions from the convenor? Do I understand the assessment requirements enough to plan the activities? What about other tutors and consistency across the course and fairness to students? Etc.University College, Dublin (2011)
61A closer look at assessment Formative [definition] Summative [definition]Formative assessment can be formal or informal but will involve a step of determining present understanding (assessment), challenging the veracity of incorrect understanding, helping students develop a new understanding, testing that new understanding (assessment of development). Examples may be Q&A in discussions; or minute tests, concept tests, clicker results, verbal multiple choices, but each should have a development step and retesting step
62A closer look at assessment ...while 95 percent....reported having discussed ‘grades or assignments’ with an instructor, 29 percent reported that they had never discussed ideas from their readings or classes with faculty members outside of class [42% for first year students]...the more common discussions of grades may not be particularly beneficial for students’ cognitive growth (Arum & Roksa, 2011)
64Engagement and Learning “Learning begins with student engagement, which in turn leads to knowledge and understanding. Once someone understands, he or she becomes capable of performance or action. Critical reflection on one's practice and understanding leads to higher-order thinking in the form of a capacity to exercise judgment in the face of uncertainty and to create designs in the presence of constraints and unpredictability. Ultimately, the exercise of judgment makes possible the development of commitment. In commitment, we become capable of professing our understandings and our values, our faith and our love, our skepticism and our doubts, internalizing those attributes and making them integral to our identities. These commitments, in turn, make new engagements possible—and even necessary.” (Shulman 2002)
65Formative assessment Formative assessment can be formal or informal . determining present understanding (assessment),challenging the veracity of incorrect understanding,helping students develop a new understanding,testing that new understanding (assessment of development).Examples may be Q&A in discussions; or minute tests, concept tests, clicker results, verbal multiple choices, but each should have a development step and retesting step
66Formative assessmentAmber Risk: specific intervention process in all 1st year coursesFollowing the first piece of assessment, Course Convenors or tutors are asked to contact any students who performed poorly (you should set an appropriate benchmark) or who did not submit/sit the assessment item.Note: This process can be carried out easily and efficiently if you use the Grade Centre in Instructions on how to use the Grade Centre are on the GBS Blended Learning support site
67Formative Assessment Assessment Feedback strategy (1) Rust, et. al
71Summative Assessment ‘Constructively aligned’ with…. GBS Program Goals/Objectives, e.g. B.Bus will…1. Develop graduates with effective communication skills in professional and business contexts1.1 Work effectively (a) autonomously and (b) in diverse group1.2 Demonstrate core competencies in communication and presentation skills in (a) oral, (b) written and (c) multi media communication1.3 Develop skills in client/stakeholder relationship management2. Develop graduates with the values for acting responsibly in professional and business contexts2.1 Demonstrate knowledge and application of ethical, legal and environmental responsibilities of individuals and organisations in society2.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the role of government and other stakeholders in the business environment3. Develop graduates with business related problem solving skills3.1 Demonstrate an understanding of major theories and tools for analysing domesticand global environments3.2 Apply models to analyse and interpret real world events and issues3.3 Demonstrate analytical, reflective and evaluation skills3.4 Demonstrate the use of information technologies as they influence the structure and processes of business3.5 Demonstrate the use of statistical data analysis and business decision support tools for addressing business issues
72Summative Assessment ‘Constructively aligned’ with…. GBS Program Goals/Objectives4. Develop individual students attributes in innovative, proactive, self-directed and forward thinking4.1 Develop and demonstrate their ability to be innovative, pro-active, reflective and self-directed lifelong learners5. Develop innovative and creative work-ready business graduates5.1 Work creatively, flexibly and adaptability within a business environment6. Develop the student’s knowledge in a specific discipline area (Major)
75Assessment PolicyThe university adheres to criteria based assessment. This means that students' work must be assessed on its merits according to established criteria. We do not mark to a normal distribution although if your distribution is heavily skewed you may need to examine the appropriateness of your assessment regime and criteria for the next offering.(Communication from GBS Acting Dean Learning & Teaching, 2010)
79GBS Assessment Moderation Policy Moderation procedures in the GBS:Heads of Departments should ensure adequate moderation and supervision of courses.Course profiles should be checked by an academic with expertise in the discipline prior to submission. (MBA core courses will be moderated by the MBA Program Director).Course Convenors are required to have exam papers moderated by an academic with expertise in the discipline.Assessment in courses convened by a single convenor should be moderated by an academic with expertise in the discipline.In the case of cross campus offerings, Course Convenors should provide examples of two high, two medium and two low achievement items in the first major assessment to their counterparts at other campuses, to obtain agreement about the standard of marking. Examples of the standards should also be communicated to markers.
80GBS Assessment Moderation Policy Better practice?What about moderation in within the teaching team? (especially large courses)Consensus moderation and evolution of Griffith University Assessment Policy
81Issues and ExamplesA student turns up at your door with a complaint that their friend has a better mark and they believe that their work is of an equal standard?Two students hand in essays that are substantially the same – not just as to direction and structure, but even as to wording. When you call the students in to talk to you individually, both admit doing preparation work together, but each claims that he/she was the actual author of all the words on the page?A student criticises another tutor or staff member?A student approaches a tutor to complain that he would prefer to work with other Australian student than with students from international backgrounds.
82Issues and ExamplesThe majority of students turn up to your session without having done the reading and/or preparation required, and so can’t or won’t participate?A student complains about a ‘freeloader’ in their working group for their next assignment and therefore wants to do the assignment individually?In a group assignment where the group has been put together randomly, a girl from one culture complains to you that the two boys in her group from another culture are excluding her from the group’s work and insisting that she just ‘do the states’?You have papers to mark? How do you mark them fairly? How do bad grammar and spelling matter?You have one student who is very opinionated and dominates discussion on most questions. She is dismissive of, even sarcastic about, what other class members say?(Bowie, n.d.)
84Evaluation of Today’s Session One minute paperQuick survey on Intended Outcomes
85Thanks and closeThank You and best wishes for a most successful teaching experience!
86ReferencesAngelo, T.A. (1997) Doing assessment as if learning matters most. AAHE Bulletin, Accessed at on 2February 26, 2010 Arum, R. & Roksa, J. (2011) Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses. University of Chicago Press. Chicago and London. Biggs, J. & Tang, C. (2007). Teaching for Quality Learning at University. (3rd edition). McGraw-Hill. Berkshire. Bowie, C. (n.d.). Dealing with Tricky Issues. Griffith Institute of Higher Education. Handout at Sessional Induction Workshop facilitated by Margaret Buckridge, July 28, Brown J. S, & Duguid, P. (2000). The Social Life of Information. Harvard Business School Press. Boston. Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford. Oxford University Press. Griffith University Policy Library (2010). Student Evaluation of Courses and Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET). Accessed at on March Online Learning Laboratory, University of South Alabama, Situated Learning Theory. Accessed at on Feb 26, Rust, C., O’Donovan, B., & Price, M. (2005). A social constructivist assessment process model: how the research shows us this could be best practice, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, Vol 30(3). Shulman, L. S. (2002). "Making Differences: A Table of Learning." Change 34(6): University College, Dublin (2011). Using Biggs' Model of Constructive Alignment in Curriculum Design. Open Educational Resources of UCD Teaching and Learning, University College Dublin. Accessed at on March 9, Wenger, E. (2006). Communities of Practice, A Brief Introduction. Accessed at at on Feb 3,