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SPECIAL BRIEFING TO THE KOREAN BUSINESS COMMUNITY 1.

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Presentation on theme: "SPECIAL BRIEFING TO THE KOREAN BUSINESS COMMUNITY 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 SPECIAL BRIEFING TO THE KOREAN BUSINESS COMMUNITY 1

2 Table of Contents I.W HO WE ARE - A DEPETUN C AXTON -M ARTINS A GBOR & S EGUN (“ACAS”) II.N IGERIA : P OLITICAL AND E CONOMIC III.N IGERIA : D EVELOPMENTS IN THE O IL & G AS S ECTOR IV.N IGERIA : K EY T AX R EFORMS V.N IGERIA : S OME I NVESTMENT A PPROVALS, P ERMITS & I NCENTIVES I.W HO WE ARE - A DEPETUN C AXTON -M ARTINS A GBOR & S EGUN (“ACAS”) II.N IGERIA : P OLITICAL AND E CONOMIC III.N IGERIA : D EVELOPMENTS IN THE O IL & G AS S ECTOR IV.N IGERIA : K EY T AX R EFORMS V.N IGERIA : S OME I NVESTMENT A PPROVALS, P ERMITS & I NCENTIVES 2

3 Who we are 3

4 WHO WE ARE Founded 1 st April, Full service commercial law practice. 40 Lawyers including 8 Partners. Offices in Lagos, Abuja & Port Harcourt. The firm’s commercial law practice offers a one stop solution. Founded 1 st April, Full service commercial law practice. 40 Lawyers including 8 Partners. Offices in Lagos, Abuja & Port Harcourt. The firm’s commercial law practice offers a one stop solution. 4

5 Our Practice Groups ACAS International Trade, Shipping & Litigation Corporate Commercial Department Energy and Project Finance Group Adcax Nominees Limited (Dedicated company Secretarial Services) 5

6 Our Services Energy & Project Finance Group * Establishment & Corporate Structuring of E&P, service and power companies Oil & Gas Industry Accreditation Procedures Concession acquisitions & disposals Oil & Gas and Power Project structuring and Development Power and Oil & Gas Project Financing Advisory Services Foreign Investment Advisory Services Petroleum Taxation Advisory Services Asset and General Corporate Legal Due Diligence Investigations Preparation, Review & Negotiation of Oil Industry/Power Industry Technical Agreements Legislative & Regulatory Compliance Advisory Services * Establishment & Corporate Structuring of E&P, service and power companies Oil & Gas Industry Accreditation Procedures Concession acquisitions & disposals Oil & Gas and Power Project structuring and Development Power and Oil & Gas Project Financing Advisory Services Foreign Investment Advisory Services Petroleum Taxation Advisory Services Asset and General Corporate Legal Due Diligence Investigations Preparation, Review & Negotiation of Oil Industry/Power Industry Technical Agreements Legislative & Regulatory Compliance Advisory Services International Trade, Shipping & Litigation Establishment of shipping companies Shipping & Admiralty Litigation & Arbitration Commercial Litigation Land/Property Acquisition & Litigation Ship Detention & Releases Marine Insurance, Collision Claims, Cargo Loss & International Trade Disputes Oil Spill Claims & Litigation Debt & Finance Recovery Ship Registrations, Mortgages & Financing General Marine Enquiries & Claims Aviation Leasing, Licensing & Financing Cabotage Compliance Advisory Services Labour Law Advisory Services Establishment of shipping companies Shipping & Admiralty Litigation & Arbitration Commercial Litigation Land/Property Acquisition & Litigation Ship Detention & Releases Marine Insurance, Collision Claims, Cargo Loss & International Trade Disputes Oil Spill Claims & Litigation Debt & Finance Recovery Ship Registrations, Mortgages & Financing General Marine Enquiries & Claims Aviation Leasing, Licensing & Financing Cabotage Compliance Advisory Services Labour Law Advisory Services 6

7 Our Services Corporate & Commercial Practice Group Mergers, acquisitions and divestments Private Equity Investments, Capital Market Banking transactions and Advisors Services Intellectual Property Registrations & Advisory Services International Project Financing,Corporate Finance Immigration Advisory Services Telecommunications, Transport & infrastructure Insurance, Commercial Arbitration, Real Estate Tax Advisory Services, Corporate Governance Adcax Nominees Limited (Dedicated company Secretarial Services) General Company Formation/Secretarial Services Filings & Registrations with the Corporate Affairs Commission Nominee Directors Services Corporate Governance/Compliance Issues 7

8 Relevant Listings “Energy/Natural Resources Law Firm of the Year” – Nigerian Legal Awards, 2010 (ESQ. & Business Day) “Nigerian Energy Law Firm of the Year 2010” Global Law Experts Awards “The Most Gender-Friendly Law Firm of the Year 2010”- Nigerian Legal Awards, 2010 (ESQ. & Business Day) “Oil & Gas Law Firm of the Year for the African Region” – ACQ Finance Magazine Law Awards, 2009 One of the leading Nigerian Banking & Finance, Corporate/Commercial, Dispute Resolution and Energy & Natural Resources Law Firms – The Chambers Global Guide, the World’s Leading Lawyers – 2001 till date. “Energy/Natural Resources Law Firm of the Year” – Nigerian Legal Awards, 2010 (ESQ. & Business Day) “Nigerian Energy Law Firm of the Year 2010” Global Law Experts Awards “The Most Gender-Friendly Law Firm of the Year 2010”- Nigerian Legal Awards, 2010 (ESQ. & Business Day) “Oil & Gas Law Firm of the Year for the African Region” – ACQ Finance Magazine Law Awards, 2009 One of the leading Nigerian Banking & Finance, Corporate/Commercial, Dispute Resolution and Energy & Natural Resources Law Firms – The Chambers Global Guide, the World’s Leading Lawyers – 2001 till date. 8

9 Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook 9

10 Political and Economic Outlook  Political Situation -The year 2012 started with a 2 week industrial action and protests against the removal of subsidy on Premium Motor Spirit - The industrial action was called off/partial removal of subsidy on PMS from N142 to N97 as against the N65 at which it was sold prior to the removal; -Investigations into Subsidy theft disclose N6.8 billion lost from 2009 to 2011; -Government vows to investigate & prosecute persons implicated in report.  Economic Furtherance -Budget of Trillion signed recently; based on price of $72 per barrel Trillion Capital Expenditure & 3.35 Trillion Recurrent Expenditure; -Foreign reserve increased from 3.3 Billion at end of 2011 to 37.3 Billion as at 18 th May, 2012 due primarily to the rise in international oil prices and partial removal of subsidy.  Political Situation -The year 2012 started with a 2 week industrial action and protests against the removal of subsidy on Premium Motor Spirit - The industrial action was called off/partial removal of subsidy on PMS from N142 to N97 as against the N65 at which it was sold prior to the removal; -Investigations into Subsidy theft disclose N6.8 billion lost from 2009 to 2011; -Government vows to investigate & prosecute persons implicated in report.  Economic Furtherance -Budget of Trillion signed recently; based on price of $72 per barrel Trillion Capital Expenditure & 3.35 Trillion Recurrent Expenditure; -Foreign reserve increased from 3.3 Billion at end of 2011 to 37.3 Billion as at 18 th May, 2012 due primarily to the rise in international oil prices and partial removal of subsidy. 10

11 Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook Cont.  Fall in imports of petroleum products & cut in subsidy & improved management of economy: -CBN fixed exchange rate at N to US$1; -Increasing crude oil theft, sabotage & pipeline leakages especially in Shell operated facilities in the Niger Delta; -Oil Production dipped to 2.15 Million barrels per day in first quarter; -Total’s Usan deepwater field will increase production by 180,000 barrels a day.  Slow consumer demand continues: -Economy dragged by weak consumer demand in Q1; -Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (“LCCI”) in review of economy cited inadequate power supply as biggest burden on economy; -LCCI also concerned with Nigeria’s debt practice- US$41 Billion at December, 2011 out of which domestic debt was US$35 Billion; -CBN predicted a GDP growth of 6.5% for 2012 against IMF’s prediction of 7.1% and 7.45% achieved in 2011  CBN also noted that proposed upward review of electricity import tariffs on wheat & rice and rising food & energy prices could put further pressure on prices in near term  Fall in imports of petroleum products & cut in subsidy & improved management of economy: -CBN fixed exchange rate at N to US$1; -Increasing crude oil theft, sabotage & pipeline leakages especially in Shell operated facilities in the Niger Delta; -Oil Production dipped to 2.15 Million barrels per day in first quarter; -Total’s Usan deepwater field will increase production by 180,000 barrels a day.  Slow consumer demand continues: -Economy dragged by weak consumer demand in Q1; -Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (“LCCI”) in review of economy cited inadequate power supply as biggest burden on economy; -LCCI also concerned with Nigeria’s debt practice- US$41 Billion at December, 2011 out of which domestic debt was US$35 Billion; -CBN predicted a GDP growth of 6.5% for 2012 against IMF’s prediction of 7.1% and 7.45% achieved in 2011  CBN also noted that proposed upward review of electricity import tariffs on wheat & rice and rising food & energy prices could put further pressure on prices in near term 11

12  Information and Communications Technology Development - The FGN has banned the Public Sector Purchase of Foreign made Computers and technology products by public institutions including Ministries, Departments, Eservices and Public Schools in the Country; -Move to encourage patronage of made in Nigeria computer products & growth in local ICT Industry; -Multinational companies are encouraged to set up production of assembly plants to benefit from this policy; -With more than half the population of West Africa, Nigeria has a large market to justify FDI in information technology; -It is now an offence punishable by imprisonment, fine or both for public procurement of non-made in Nigeria computers and IT products where certified local brand exists  Information and Communications Technology Development - The FGN has banned the Public Sector Purchase of Foreign made Computers and technology products by public institutions including Ministries, Departments, Eservices and Public Schools in the Country; -Move to encourage patronage of made in Nigeria computer products & growth in local ICT Industry; -Multinational companies are encouraged to set up production of assembly plants to benefit from this policy; -With more than half the population of West Africa, Nigeria has a large market to justify FDI in information technology; -It is now an offence punishable by imprisonment, fine or both for public procurement of non-made in Nigeria computers and IT products where certified local brand exists Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook Cont. 12

13  Launch of Nigcombat 1-R- to Geostationary Orbit: - With launch of Nigcombat, Government to use platform to create ICT parks and hotspots in every Local Government in the Country; -Government to give software training to 10,000 youths for states, annually for the next 5 years; -Government plans to leapfrog Nigeria into a giant in software development in Africa and the world; -Nigeria spends US$500 Million per year to import software application, India earns US$50 billion from software writing.  Status of the Privatisation of PHCN - Bureau of Public Enterprise (BPE) fixes dates for bids for privatisation of PHCN - Deadline for the submission of technical and financial proposal 17 th July, 2012 for generation companies 31 st July, 2012 for distribution companies; - Technical evaluation of bids – 14 th August, th September, 2012, announcement of result on the technical evaluation by National Commission on Privatisation (NCP)  Launch of Nigcombat 1-R- to Geostationary Orbit: - With launch of Nigcombat, Government to use platform to create ICT parks and hotspots in every Local Government in the Country; -Government to give software training to 10,000 youths for states, annually for the next 5 years; -Government plans to leapfrog Nigeria into a giant in software development in Africa and the world; -Nigeria spends US$500 Million per year to import software application, India earns US$50 billion from software writing.  Status of the Privatisation of PHCN - Bureau of Public Enterprise (BPE) fixes dates for bids for privatisation of PHCN - Deadline for the submission of technical and financial proposal 17 th July, 2012 for generation companies 31 st July, 2012 for distribution companies; - Technical evaluation of bids – 14 th August, th September, 2012, announcement of result on the technical evaluation by National Commission on Privatisation (NCP) Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook Cont. 13

14  18 th September, 2012 and 2 nd October, 2012 are respectively scheduled as deadline for submission of letters of credit by successful bidders for generation companies and distribution companies  The BPE recently issued the following transaction documents to potential investors  Financial bids to open between 25 th September, 2012 and 10 th October, 2012  Preferred bidders to be announced by NCP on the 23 rd October,  BPE issued the following transaction documents to the potential investors  Share Sale Agreement  Shareholders Agreement  Performance Agreement  Concession Agreement  Gas Sale and Aggregation Agreement  Gas Transportation Agreement etc  18 th September, 2012 and 2 nd October, 2012 are respectively scheduled as deadline for submission of letters of credit by successful bidders for generation companies and distribution companies  The BPE recently issued the following transaction documents to potential investors  Financial bids to open between 25 th September, 2012 and 10 th October, 2012  Preferred bidders to be announced by NCP on the 23 rd October,  BPE issued the following transaction documents to the potential investors  Share Sale Agreement  Shareholders Agreement  Performance Agreement  Concession Agreement  Gas Sale and Aggregation Agreement  Gas Transportation Agreement etc Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook Cont. 14

15 -With budget signed, indications are that the economy will move faster in the second quarter; - Key to this develoment will be timely release of budget allocation for effective budget implementation by Ministries, Departments & Agencies; - For good progress, the Government has to negate the menace of Boko Haram; - Need to fast track infrastructure development including sale of PHCN succession companies; - With improved electricity & security will attract more Investors -With budget signed, indications are that the economy will move faster in the second quarter; - Key to this develoment will be timely release of budget allocation for effective budget implementation by Ministries, Departments & Agencies; - For good progress, the Government has to negate the menace of Boko Haram; - Need to fast track infrastructure development including sale of PHCN succession companies; - With improved electricity & security will attract more Investors Nigeria: Political and Economic Outlook Cont. 15

16 Nigeria: Development in the Oil and Gas Sector 16

17  Government to conclude Renewal of oil licenses by June; -FGN to renew oil licenses of Chevron and Shell in this month (June); -Shell is the biggest oil operator with assets that can produce 1 million barrels per day; -Exxon Mobil signed a 20 year license renewals on assets producing 550 barrels per day in February; -Several onshore licenses that expired in 2008 have been in negotiations with the Government;  Government is reluctant to renew oil licences because of Petroleum Industry Bill (“PIB”): -PIB to net Government increased royalties and taxes; -Regulatory uncertainties due to non-passage of PIB- Govt had no choice but to renew licences;  Gas flared drops to 14%; -NNPC reported that dropped from 19% to 14% of billion standard cubic feet (bsaf) of gas produced in January, was used, only bsaf or of total gas production was flared; -Decrease due to increased used of gas for power generation, export and industrial applications; -Only 13.97% of total gas production if offshore fields in January;  Government to conclude Renewal of oil licenses by June; -FGN to renew oil licenses of Chevron and Shell in this month (June); -Shell is the biggest oil operator with assets that can produce 1 million barrels per day; -Exxon Mobil signed a 20 year license renewals on assets producing 550 barrels per day in February; -Several onshore licenses that expired in 2008 have been in negotiations with the Government;  Government is reluctant to renew oil licences because of Petroleum Industry Bill (“PIB”): -PIB to net Government increased royalties and taxes; -Regulatory uncertainties due to non-passage of PIB- Govt had no choice but to renew licences;  Gas flared drops to 14%; -NNPC reported that dropped from 19% to 14% of billion standard cubic feet (bsaf) of gas produced in January, was used, only bsaf or of total gas production was flared; -Decrease due to increased used of gas for power generation, export and industrial applications; -Only 13.97% of total gas production if offshore fields in January; Nigeria: Development in the Oil and Gas Sector 17

18 The Petroleum Industry Bill 2012 (“PIB”)  STATUS – the PIB has passed the first and second reading stages in the National Assembly. The final draft of PIB has been submitted to the National Assembly for further deliberation.  OBJECTIVES -  enhance exploration and exploitation of petroleum resources in Nigeria  Promotion of petroleum production for the benefit of the Nigerian people  Encourage further investment in the petroleum industry  Promote transparency, simplicity and openness in the petroleum industry  Consolidation of all Nigerian oil and gas legislation – single law  Restructuring Of Institutional & Regulatory Entities  STATUS – the PIB has passed the first and second reading stages in the National Assembly. The final draft of PIB has been submitted to the National Assembly for further deliberation.  OBJECTIVES -  enhance exploration and exploitation of petroleum resources in Nigeria  Promotion of petroleum production for the benefit of the Nigerian people  Encourage further investment in the petroleum industry  Promote transparency, simplicity and openness in the petroleum industry  Consolidation of all Nigerian oil and gas legislation – single law  Restructuring Of Institutional & Regulatory Entities 18

19 Highlights of the PIB Removal of the confidentiality obligations and the entrenchment of transparency in the administration of the Industry; Definition of an “indigenous company” as one which, among other things, is “engaged in upstream activities of which 60% or more of its shares are beneficially owned directly or indirectly by Nigerian citizens or associations of Nigerian citizens”; Proposed incorporation of the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited as a successor to the assets and liabilities of the NNPC; Introduction of separate licenses for oil and gas; Every upstream company would now be required to pay corporate income tax, in addition to petroleum tax, without exception; introduction of Nigerian Hydrocarbon Tax ; It proposes to discard the use of investment tax credits and investment tax allowances which were key fiscal incentives in getting the IOCs to consider exploring ultra deep water acreages; 19

20 Designed to promote local participation in the Nigerian oil and gas industry. Consequently, Nigerian content is a major criterion in the award of contracts. Nigerian independent operators to be given first consideration in the award of oil blocks, licenses, lifting contracts and all projects for which contracts are to be awarded. Nigerian indigenous service companies to be given exclusive consideration to bid on land and swamp operations. No definition for “Nigerian Independent Operators” or “Nigerian Indigenous Service Companies”. Nigerian company is defined as “A company formed and registered in Nigeria in accordance with the Companies and Allied Matters Act with not less than 51% equity shares by Nigerians”. Designed to promote local participation in the Nigerian oil and gas industry. Consequently, Nigerian content is a major criterion in the award of contracts. Nigerian independent operators to be given first consideration in the award of oil blocks, licenses, lifting contracts and all projects for which contracts are to be awarded. Nigerian indigenous service companies to be given exclusive consideration to bid on land and swamp operations. No definition for “Nigerian Independent Operators” or “Nigerian Indigenous Service Companies”. Nigerian company is defined as “A company formed and registered in Nigeria in accordance with the Companies and Allied Matters Act with not less than 51% equity shares by Nigerians”. The Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry Content Development Act 2010 (the Local Content Act) 20

21  Partnership with Nigerians is Desirable  Benefits: -To comply with the definition of a Nigerian company; and -take advantage of the preferential treatment enjoyed by Nigerian companies.  Significant Challenges: -Where high value assets are to be deployed and local partners with resources to invest are required- -Key relevant provision: “International/multinational companies working through Nigerian subsidiaries must demonstrate that a minimum of 50% of the equipment deployed for execution are owned by the Nigerian subsidiaries”.  Partnership with Nigerians is Desirable  Benefits: -To comply with the definition of a Nigerian company; and -take advantage of the preferential treatment enjoyed by Nigerian companies.  Significant Challenges: -Where high value assets are to be deployed and local partners with resources to invest are required- -Key relevant provision: “International/multinational companies working through Nigerian subsidiaries must demonstrate that a minimum of 50% of the equipment deployed for execution are owned by the Nigerian subsidiaries”. The Local Content Act 21

22 The Act allows for a 3 year exemption to be given on application. The NCDMB are pragmatic in their approach and do not insist on strict compliance e.g the asset ownership requirement. 51% of Nigerian ownership is not insisted on at the outset. Corporate vehicle through which the equipment is owned could be a foreign entity. Adequate protection can be obtained through creative planning (legal and tax) of a joint venture with local partners. The Act allows for a 3 year exemption to be given on application. The NCDMB are pragmatic in their approach and do not insist on strict compliance e.g the asset ownership requirement. 51% of Nigerian ownership is not insisted on at the outset. Corporate vehicle through which the equipment is owned could be a foreign entity. Adequate protection can be obtained through creative planning (legal and tax) of a joint venture with local partners. The Local Content Act: Attitude of the NCDMB The Local Content Act: Attitude of the NCDMB 22

23 Bid with highest level of Nigerian content should be selected where bids are within 1% of each other at commercial stage; Nigerian Indigenous Company with capacity to execute projects not to be disqualified where its bid does not exceed lowest bid price by 10%; 1% of every contract awarded to any Operator, Contractor, Subcontractor, Alliance Partner to be deducted at source and paid into the Nigerian Content Fund; Operators, Contractors and Subcontractors to maintain a Bank Account in Nigeria and retain a minimum of 10% of its total revenue accruing from its Nigerian operations in such account; Fine of 5% of contract value for non-compliance with the Nigerian Content Act or cancellation of the project; The NCDMB’s approval is required for grant of expatriate quota; All fabrications and welding activities to be carried out in Nigeria; Company can maintain 5% of management positions for investor protection; Insurable risks required to be insured in Nigeria; Only services of Nigerian legal practitioners can be retained; and Expatriate quota positions are required to be “Nigerianised” in four years. Bid with highest level of Nigerian content should be selected where bids are within 1% of each other at commercial stage; Nigerian Indigenous Company with capacity to execute projects not to be disqualified where its bid does not exceed lowest bid price by 10%; 1% of every contract awarded to any Operator, Contractor, Subcontractor, Alliance Partner to be deducted at source and paid into the Nigerian Content Fund; Operators, Contractors and Subcontractors to maintain a Bank Account in Nigeria and retain a minimum of 10% of its total revenue accruing from its Nigerian operations in such account; Fine of 5% of contract value for non-compliance with the Nigerian Content Act or cancellation of the project; The NCDMB’s approval is required for grant of expatriate quota; All fabrications and welding activities to be carried out in Nigeria; Company can maintain 5% of management positions for investor protection; Insurable risks required to be insured in Nigeria; Only services of Nigerian legal practitioners can be retained; and Expatriate quota positions are required to be “Nigerianised” in four years. Local Content Act: Some Highlights Local Content Act: Some Highlights 23

24 Nigeria: Tax Reforms and Relevant Treaties 24

25 KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS PERSONAL INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT 2011 (PIT)  PIT is a tax imposed on the incomes of individuals or employees  employers have an obligation to deduct the PIT from employees remuneration and remit to the relevant state tax authorities  MAJOR CHANGES TO ACT - Consolidation of Personal Relief Allowance is now N200,000 or 1% of an individual’s annual gross income whichever is higher plus 20% of the individual’s annual gross income - Taxation of Expatriate Income  The basis for determining the tax liability of an expatriate are as follows: i. employer based in Nigeria ii. employer has fixed based for doing business in Nigeria; and iii. where the duties of any employment are wholly or partly performed in Nigeria, for an aggregate of 183 day.  in computing the 183 days residency rule, periods of temporary leave of absence is considered PERSONAL INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT 2011 (PIT)  PIT is a tax imposed on the incomes of individuals or employees  employers have an obligation to deduct the PIT from employees remuneration and remit to the relevant state tax authorities  MAJOR CHANGES TO ACT - Consolidation of Personal Relief Allowance is now N200,000 or 1% of an individual’s annual gross income whichever is higher plus 20% of the individual’s annual gross income - Taxation of Expatriate Income  The basis for determining the tax liability of an expatriate are as follows: i. employer based in Nigeria ii. employer has fixed based for doing business in Nigeria; and iii. where the duties of any employment are wholly or partly performed in Nigeria, for an aggregate of 183 day.  in computing the 183 days residency rule, periods of temporary leave of absence is considered 25

26  Duty to Keep Books of Account failure or refusal to keep adequate and proper books of accounts for purposes of computing Personal Income Tax is an offence. Penalty – N50,000 for individuals and N500,000 for corporate employers  Penalty for failing to deduct or remit Personal Income Tax a) 10% of the sum not deducted or remitted; b) paying the tax withheld or not remitted; and c) interest at the prevailing Central Bank of Nigeria Rate paid on (a) and (b)  Recommendations: Tax authorities are now very “zealous” in enforcing tax obligations and auditing companies to check their level of compliance; Companies to review tax compliance structures to align with the new PIT Act develop a document retention policy of a minimum of six years  Duty to Keep Books of Account failure or refusal to keep adequate and proper books of accounts for purposes of computing Personal Income Tax is an offence. Penalty – N50,000 for individuals and N500,000 for corporate employers  Penalty for failing to deduct or remit Personal Income Tax a) 10% of the sum not deducted or remitted; b) paying the tax withheld or not remitted; and c) interest at the prevailing Central Bank of Nigeria Rate paid on (a) and (b)  Recommendations: Tax authorities are now very “zealous” in enforcing tax obligations and auditing companies to check their level of compliance; Companies to review tax compliance structures to align with the new PIT Act develop a document retention policy of a minimum of six years KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS 26

27 INDUSTRIAL TRAINING FUND (AMENDMENT) ACT 2011 AIM  every employer of labour to contribute 1% of the annual payroll of its employees to the fund;  Fund shall be used to provide, promote and encourage the acquisition of skills of indigenous trained manpower sufficient to meet the needs of the private and public sector  Provision of training for skills in management and technical entrepreneurial development INDUSTRIAL TRAINING FUND (AMENDMENT) ACT 2011 AIM  every employer of labour to contribute 1% of the annual payroll of its employees to the fund;  Fund shall be used to provide, promote and encourage the acquisition of skills of indigenous trained manpower sufficient to meet the needs of the private and public sector  Provision of training for skills in management and technical entrepreneurial development KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS 27

28 Major changes in the Act  Power to appoint agents  Applicable to establishments with a minimum of 5 employees or N50m annual turnover if employees are less than 5  Penalty for failure to make relevant returns - for a corporate entity, N500, for first breach and N1m for each subsequent breach; - for principal officers of the entity, N50,000 or 2 years imprisonment for first breach and two years imprisonment without option of payment of fine for each subsequent breach.  Definition of employees to include expatriates  Payroll defined as “the sum total of all basic pay allowances and other entitlements payable within and outside Nigeria to any employee in an establishment, public or private”. Major changes in the Act  Power to appoint agents  Applicable to establishments with a minimum of 5 employees or N50m annual turnover if employees are less than 5  Penalty for failure to make relevant returns - for a corporate entity, N500, for first breach and N1m for each subsequent breach; - for principal officers of the entity, N50,000 or 2 years imprisonment for first breach and two years imprisonment without option of payment of fine for each subsequent breach.  Definition of employees to include expatriates  Payroll defined as “the sum total of all basic pay allowances and other entitlements payable within and outside Nigeria to any employee in an establishment, public or private”. KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS 28

29 COMPANIES INCOME TAX ACT (“CITA”)  The proposed amendment to the CITA is before the National Assembly and has Passed the first and second reading stages. It is currently awaiting the third and final reading.  The amendment is aimed at : i.promoting economic growth, employment and reduction of rural-urban migration ii.Providing additional tax incentive for gas utilization and mining sector iii.Increasing rural investment allowance – 10% to 20% ; iv.Introducing a 10 year tax holiday to any Company established in areas with no electricity, water or tarred road provided by the Government; and v.Increasing the tax free period of 2 years to 5 years for mining companies and from 5 years to 7 years for companies engaged in gas utilization COMPANIES INCOME TAX ACT (“CITA”)  The proposed amendment to the CITA is before the National Assembly and has Passed the first and second reading stages. It is currently awaiting the third and final reading.  The amendment is aimed at : i.promoting economic growth, employment and reduction of rural-urban migration ii.Providing additional tax incentive for gas utilization and mining sector iii.Increasing rural investment allowance – 10% to 20% ; iv.Introducing a 10 year tax holiday to any Company established in areas with no electricity, water or tarred road provided by the Government; and v.Increasing the tax free period of 2 years to 5 years for mining companies and from 5 years to 7 years for companies engaged in gas utilization KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS 29

30 Tax Administration (Self Assessment) Regulation 2011  taxpayers to compute their tax liabilities, file and make payment concurrently on or before the due dates  Key changes introduced by the Regulations: i.Filing of Tax Return: filing of tax returns may be done personally by the taxpayer or through an accredited agent. ii.Penalty and Interest on Non/Late Payment: Where a taxpayer fails to file returns or pay the tax due, the relevant tax authority shall impose penalties. iii.Extension of Time: A taxpayer may apply for extension of time to file returns. iv.Instalmental Payment: A taxpayer is required to notify the relevant tax authority of its intention to make instalmental payment of its taxes for any relevant year of assessment. Tax Administration (Self Assessment) Regulation 2011  taxpayers to compute their tax liabilities, file and make payment concurrently on or before the due dates  Key changes introduced by the Regulations: i.Filing of Tax Return: filing of tax returns may be done personally by the taxpayer or through an accredited agent. ii.Penalty and Interest on Non/Late Payment: Where a taxpayer fails to file returns or pay the tax due, the relevant tax authority shall impose penalties. iii.Extension of Time: A taxpayer may apply for extension of time to file returns. iv.Instalmental Payment: A taxpayer is required to notify the relevant tax authority of its intention to make instalmental payment of its taxes for any relevant year of assessment. KEY NIGERIAN TAX REFORMS 30

31 . Objectives -To encourage and create favorable conditions for investments; -To provide fair and equitable treatment of investments. Objectives -To encourage and create favorable conditions for investments; -To provide fair and equitable treatment of investments. Dispute Resolution i.Diplomatic channels ii.Arbitral Tribunal Dispute Resolution i.Diplomatic channels ii.Arbitral Tribunal BILATERAL INVESTMENT PROTECTION AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA 31

32  Creation of favourable investment conditions for contracting states;  Fair and equitable treatment including full protection and security in the territory of the other contracting party;  No discrimination;  Nigeria shall grant the necessary permits in connection with investments and with carrying out of contracts of license and technical, commercial or administrative assistance, activities of consultants;  Korea national’s investments that suffer loss owing to war or other armed conflict shall be adequately compensated;  Korea national’s investment shall not be nationalized or expropriated except for a public purpose and in such instance, adequate compensation shall follow  Creation of favourable investment conditions for contracting states;  Fair and equitable treatment including full protection and security in the territory of the other contracting party;  No discrimination;  Nigeria shall grant the necessary permits in connection with investments and with carrying out of contracts of license and technical, commercial or administrative assistance, activities of consultants;  Korea national’s investments that suffer loss owing to war or other armed conflict shall be adequately compensated;  Korea national’s investment shall not be nationalized or expropriated except for a public purpose and in such instance, adequate compensation shall follow Some Protection Offered 32

33  Was entered into on 6 November  There is a bill before the National Assembly for its ratification.  The treaty re-establishes the non-discrimination policy, defines permanent establishment and provides for the treatment of taxation between Nigeria and Korea among others.  Section 45 CITA and 38 PITA allow for the implementation notwithstanding ratification but subject to ministerial order. We are not aware of any ministerial order regarding the DTT between Nigeria and South Korea.  Under international law, a treaty is enforceable as between the contracting states hence the DTT agreement between Nigeria and south Korea is enforceable against the Nigerian government in accordance with its terms.  Benefits: -Withholding tax at 7.5% on dividends, interest, royalties etc  Was entered into on 6 November  There is a bill before the National Assembly for its ratification.  The treaty re-establishes the non-discrimination policy, defines permanent establishment and provides for the treatment of taxation between Nigeria and Korea among others.  Section 45 CITA and 38 PITA allow for the implementation notwithstanding ratification but subject to ministerial order. We are not aware of any ministerial order regarding the DTT between Nigeria and South Korea.  Under international law, a treaty is enforceable as between the contracting states hence the DTT agreement between Nigeria and south Korea is enforceable against the Nigerian government in accordance with its terms.  Benefits: -Withholding tax at 7.5% on dividends, interest, royalties etc Double Taxation Avoidance Treaty between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Republic of Korea 33

34 Nigeria: Some Investment Approvals, Permits & Incentives 34

35 SOME INVESTMENT APPROVALS, PERMITS & INCENTIVES  Business Permit : every company with foreign participation in Nigeria is required to obtain this permit before commencement of operation.  Expatriate Quota: foreigners working in Nigeria are required to be granted this before commencement of such work.  The Nigerian Petroleum Industry Offshore Safety Permit – - ensure safety of offshore personnel -the Department of Petroleum Resources (“DPR”) issues the Offshore Safety Permits (“OSP”) ; -West Atlantic Energy Limited is DPR’s accredited agent for issuance of OSPs; and -All Exploration and Production Companies, as well as Oil Service Companies having operations and personnel working in offshore areas of the Industry shall apply for issuance of OSPs.  Business Permit : every company with foreign participation in Nigeria is required to obtain this permit before commencement of operation.  Expatriate Quota: foreigners working in Nigeria are required to be granted this before commencement of such work.  The Nigerian Petroleum Industry Offshore Safety Permit – - ensure safety of offshore personnel -the Department of Petroleum Resources (“DPR”) issues the Offshore Safety Permits (“OSP”) ; -West Atlantic Energy Limited is DPR’s accredited agent for issuance of OSPs; and -All Exploration and Production Companies, as well as Oil Service Companies having operations and personnel working in offshore areas of the Industry shall apply for issuance of OSPs. 35

36 INCENTIVES  Fiscal Policy Measures 2012 With effect from 31 st January, 2012, the Federal Government approved the release of the following Fiscal Policy Measures: -Zero percent (0%)duty charge on Agricultural machinery and equipments; and -Zero percent (0%)for Power sector equipment and machinery  The Free Trade Zone Every company operating within the free trade zone is exempt from all federal, State and Local government taxes, levies and rates for activities within the zone.  Fiscal Policy Measures 2012 With effect from 31 st January, 2012, the Federal Government approved the release of the following Fiscal Policy Measures: -Zero percent (0%)duty charge on Agricultural machinery and equipments; and -Zero percent (0%)for Power sector equipment and machinery  The Free Trade Zone Every company operating within the free trade zone is exempt from all federal, State and Local government taxes, levies and rates for activities within the zone. 36

37 INCENTIVES CONTD  PIONEER STATUS: This takes the form of a five-year tax holiday to qualifying industries anywhere in the federation. Over 69 industries and products are granted pioneer status. Some of these are: Companies engaged in the manufacture of oil well drilling materials containing a predominant proportion of Nigerian raw materials; Companies engaged in the manufacture of vehicles.  PIONEER STATUS: This takes the form of a five-year tax holiday to qualifying industries anywhere in the federation. Over 69 industries and products are granted pioneer status. Some of these are: Companies engaged in the manufacture of oil well drilling materials containing a predominant proportion of Nigerian raw materials; Companies engaged in the manufacture of vehicles. 37

38 INCENTIVES CONTD Companies engaged in the manufacture of electrical appliances/ equipment/components and parts; Companies engaged in Ship building, repairs and maintenance of ocean going vessels – ships, boats and barges; Companies engaged in Manufacture of Solar energy powered equipment and gadgets - Solar panels, refrigerators, water pumps, calculators, etc; Companies engaged in information and communication technology (ICT) – manufacture/production of ICT equipment, hardware and software. There is no doubt that this is aimed at encouraging more local production (or assemblage) of these materials. Companies engaged in the manufacture of electrical appliances/ equipment/components and parts; Companies engaged in Ship building, repairs and maintenance of ocean going vessels – ships, boats and barges; Companies engaged in Manufacture of Solar energy powered equipment and gadgets - Solar panels, refrigerators, water pumps, calculators, etc; Companies engaged in information and communication technology (ICT) – manufacture/production of ICT equipment, hardware and software. There is no doubt that this is aimed at encouraging more local production (or assemblage) of these materials. 38

39 Thank you 감사합니다 39

40 Contact Information Afolabi Caxton Martins Adepetun Caxton-Martins Agbor & Segun 9 th Floor St. Nicholas House Catholic Mission Street Lagos Tel: , , Mobile: Afolabi Caxton Martins Adepetun Caxton-Martins Agbor & Segun 9 th Floor St. Nicholas House Catholic Mission Street Lagos Tel: , , Mobile:


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