Project Background 1999 Safety of Navigation Forum – Homer 2000 Ports and Waterway Safety Assessment 2006 Sea Bulk Pride Grounding 2006 Cook Inlet Vessel Traffic Study 2007 Navigational Safety Forum – Anchorage 2008 Risk of Vessel Accidents and Spills 2009 Aleutian Island Risk Assessment
Project Background 2007 Navigational Forum – Consensus Points Cook Inlet RCAC should move forward with a risk assessment, Engaging in the political process will be necessary to obtain funding, and Public participation and outreach will be critical to the success of the risk assessment.
Funding Partners State of Alaska U.S. Coast Guard National Fish & Wildlife Foundation Tesoro Alaska PWS RCAC
Organization Management Team – Mike Munger, CIRCAC – Steve Russell, ADEC – Captain Paul Mehler, USCG Project Managers – Nuka Research and Planning Group, LLC. – Pearson Consulting, LLC.
Organization Advisory Panel Fisheries Local Government Mariner, Pilot Mariner, Salvor Mariner, Containerships Mariner, Tug and Barge Mariner, Tank Ship Mariner, General Non-Governmental Org. Resource Manager Subsistence User
Work Plan MilestoneTargeted/Completion Date Establish Advisory PanelSeptember 2011 Final Vessel Traffic StudyFebruary 2012 Final Spill and Casualty StudyJuly 2012 Consequence WorkshopOctober 2012 Consequence ReportMarch 2013 Identify Risk Reduction OptionsJuly 2013 Research and Implement Risk Reduction OptionsCurrently Underway Rank and Prioritize Risk Reduction Options2 rd Quarter 2014 Draft Final Report2 rd Quarter 2014 Publish Final ReportSeptember 2014
Vessel Traffic Study Findings 480 ship port calls 80% of the calls were made by 15 ships 218 million gallons of persistent oil and 9 million gallons of non-persistent oil were moved on 83 tank ship voyages to or from the Nikiski and Drift River terminals
Vessel Traffic Study Findings 36% of all persistent oil moved was fuel oil on dry cargo ships calling at Anchorage 102 oil barge transits moved 366 million gallons of nonpersistent oil; the greatest amount of oil moved by a single vessel type
Spill Rates and Scenarios Vessel Types – Tank Ships and Tank Barges – Non-Tank/Non-workboat vessels (Cargo, Cruise ship) Highest forecasted spill rate of 1.3 per year – Workboats (OSV, Towboat/Tugboat) Highest baseline spill rate of 0.96 per year – Sum of the four vessel types is 3.9 spills per year Scenarios defined for 2,112 unique combinations of vessel types and spill factor subcategories. Majority of scenarios have low to very low relative risk level. Tank ships have lowest baseline spill rate, but have the most risk from an oil spill.
Consequence Analysis Workshop was held in Anchorage Oct 30 & 31, 2012
Consequence Analysis Workshop Based on Expert Judgment Considered 7 spill scenarios Characterized likely impacts
Consequence Analysis Workshop Both persistent and non-persistent oil spill scenarios were evaluated The conclusion were that even moderate size spills (~100 bbl) can have significant impacts Over 40 people attended the Workshop Workshop report completed March 2013
Risk Reduction Options Twenty-five Risk Reductions Reviewed: Eight RRO’s for Immediate Implementation Eight RRO’s for Further Consideration Nine RRO’s for Exclusion
Risk Reduction Options for Immediate or Sustained Implementation Establish Process Improvements for All of Cook Inlet – Establish a Harbor Safety Committee – Harbormasters and Port Directors should notify the U.S. Coast Guard if they determine a vessel to be unsafe or unseaworthy
Risk Reduction Options for Immediate or Sustained Implementation Enhance Navigational Safety Review and consider revisions to NOAA’s Coast Pilot Add sub-sea infrastructure identified in Cook Inlet to NOAA’s Automated Wreck and Obstruction Information System (AWIOS) Continue to update and improve winter ice guidelines, as needed
Risk Reduction Options for Immediate or Sustained Implementation Enhance Navigational Safety (Cont.) – Improve cell phone coverage on marine waters in Cook Inlet – Sustain and expand training for pilots, captains, and crew – Maintain project depth in Cook Inlet, especially at Knik Arm Shoal
Risk Reduction Options for Immediate or Sustained Implementation Improve Spill Response Planning and Capabilities – Promulgate final response planning regulations for non-tank vessels – Update and improve the subarea contingency plan – Seek continuous improvements in spill response equipment appropriate to Cook Inlet conditions
Risk Reduction Options for Further Consideration Increase rescue towing capability in Cook Inlet Construct cross-inlet pipeline from Drift River to Nikiski Enhance situational awareness and communication through 2-way AIS Improve ice monitoring capability Encourage third-party inspections or audits of workboats
Project Schedule Cook Inlet Risk Assessment Project Schedule Task 20132014 Q1Q2Q3Q4Q1Q2Q3Q4 Task B-1 Towing Analysis Task B-2 Construct Cross-Inlet Pipeline from Drift River to Nikiski Task B-3 Enhance Situation Awareness by Transmitting WX information via AIS Task B-4 Improve Ice Monitoring Capability Task C Implement items related to RROs for immediate or sustained implementation Task D Review results of research with Team to agree on recommended options Task E Prepare a final report