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Picture of new and old “wind mills” Source: Way2Science Wind turbine diagram expanded.

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Presentation on theme: "Picture of new and old “wind mills” Source: Way2Science Wind turbine diagram expanded."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Picture of new and old “wind mills”

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5 Source: Way2Science Wind turbine diagram expanded

6 Source: AWEA

7 Basic diagram of a wind turbine

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9 400 Watt Turbine 600 Watt Turbine

10 One 1.6 MW turbine will provide enough power for 500 typical homes

11 1.8 Megawatt Turbine, or the equivalent of 4,500 small 400 Watt turbines

12 Definitions

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15 Definitions

16 Definitions

17 Definitions

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19 Wind turbine turbulence

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22 Wind turbines at Blue Canyon Wind Farm, SW Oklahoma

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24 Source: AWEA

25 The PTC, the main policy tool in the deployment of U.S. wind power, was first adopted during the administration of President George H.W. Bush as part of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486). It has been a significant driver of the recent growth of the U.S. wind industry. In each of the years during which the PTC lapsed (2000, 2002, and 2004), meaning that it expired prior to being renewed, the level of additional deployed wind capacity slowed or collapsed when compared to the previous year’s total: 93% in 2000, 73% in 2002, and 77% in 2004 The Production Tax Credit (PTC)

26 History of new wind production capacity in relation to the Production Tax Credit (AWEA)

27 The wind energy Production Tax Credit Congress provided a three-year extension of the PTC through December 31, 2012, as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The PTC provides an inflation-adjusted per kilowatt-hour (kWh) income tax benefit over the first ten years of a wind project’s operations, which in 2010 was 2.2 cents per kWh, and is a critical factor in financing new wind farms. In order to qualify, a wind farm must be completed and start generating power while the credit is in place, which would be by the end of 2012.

28 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future

29 Notice the huge increase in wind production from the slide showing 1999 production!

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31 By: TheWINDCOALITION (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Midwest Reliability Organization Northeast Power Coordinating Council Reliability First Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Southwest Power PoolWestern Electricity Coordinating Council Electric Reliability Council of Texas ERCOT

32 How a wind farm is developed

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37 Electricity distribution diagram

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39 What are the components of a wind farm?

40 Meteorological (Met) tower

41 Met tower being constructed

42 80 meter met tower, approximately 265’

43 Turbine base pad excavation

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45 Turbine base sub-frame

46 Pouring concrete for the base

47 Installing conduit for lines

48 Completed tower base, ready for a tower

49 Tower lay down site

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51 Installation of the bottom section of the tower

52 Installation of the middle section of the tower

53 Final adjustments

54 Second section weight

55 Maneuvering the a section of the tower into place Nerves of steel!

56 View from inside the tower

57 Source;: Wikipedia

58 Nacelle and hub lay down site

59 Close-up of the nacelle

60 Starting to connect the nacelle and the hub

61 Connecting the nacelle and the hub

62 Final adjustments before nacelle and hub are connected Easy does it!

63 Lifting the nacelle into place

64 Lifting the nacelle to the top of the tower

65 Nacelle installation

66 Attaching the nacelle to the tower

67 Blade lay down yard

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69 Blade being transported to the tower site

70 In-air blade installation

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72 In-air blade final attachment to the hub

73 Assembled blade and hub being lifted into place

74 Installed blade and hub

75 Tower base and access door

76 Completed tower

77 Every tower will have a connection box

78 Trench for the interconnect lines

79 Wind farm substation

80 Completed wind turbine and pad site

81 Aerial view of a wind farm

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83 View of the inside of the nacelle

84 Removing the “internal organs” of the nacelle

85 Image: © VESTAS WIND SYSTEMS A/S Picture of a “climbing crane”

86 Image: © VESTAS WIND SYSTEMS A/S

87 Project Location: The Chisholm View Wind Project is located approximately 15 miles North and East of Enid, Oklahoma and directly adjacent to Hunter, OK. The project sits within Garfield and Grant Counties.

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89 Wind Power Classes Wind Power Class 10 meter50 meter Wind Power density Speed m/s (mph) Wind Power Density Wind Speed m/s (mph) 10000 2100 - 150 4.4 (9.8) / 5.11 (11.5) 200 - 300 5.6 (12.5) / 6.4 (14.3) 3150 - 200 5.1 (11.5) / 5.6 (12.5) 300 - 400 6.4 (14.3) / 7.0 (15.7) 4200 - 250 5.6 (12.5) / 6.0 (13.4) 400 - 5007.0 (15.7) / (16.8) 5250 - 300 6.0 (13.4)/6.4 (14.3) 500 - 600 7.5 (16.8)/8.0 (17.9) 6300 - 400 6.4 (14.3)/7.0 (15.7) 600 - 800 8.0 (17.9)/8.8 (19.7) 7>400>7.0 (15.7)>800 >8.8 (19.7)

90 Chisholm View Wind rating for Oklahoma

91 Chisholm View

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93 Chisholm View Wind Farm, Garfield Co. OK

94 Close-up of Chisholm View

95 Chisholm View Wind Project

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98 By: TheWINDCOALITION (North American Electric Reliability Corporation) Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Midwest Reliability Organization Northeast Power Coordinating Council Reliability First Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Southwest Power PoolWestern Electricity Coordinating Council Electric Reliability Council of Texas ERCOT

99 Key Project Attributes: A 235 MW Chisholm View Wind Project would produce enough power for approximately 80,000 Alabama homes. The project will take only approximately 1-2 percent of land out of service to build, including all land for roads, turbine foundations, and maintenance buildings. Chisholm View is one of the most energetic wind development sites in North Central Oklahoma. Chisholm View Wind Project

100 Key Project Attributes continued: Once fully developed, Chisholm View Wind project will contribute up to $5 million per year in total annual landowner payments. The project enjoys broad community support from landowners and local government agencies. The project is expected to have no material effect on any threatened and endangered species of birds or animals based on third party studies commissioned by TradeWind Energy. Chisholm View Wind Project

101 “Primary Roads” are identified – i.e. major construction traffic corridors Designation of condition and/or type of road Site plan is approved by county as part of agreement County authorizes project’s use and improvement of said roads Counties waive weight restrictions in return for payment and/or upgrade/repair obligations Road Maintenance Agreement Overview

102 County to continue routine maintenance during construction Project agrees to specific payments due and/or upgrade and restoration obligations and specs Culverts and bridges needing replacement or repair are identified County allows Project to make routine improvements and initiate routine maintenance of Primary roads at its own expense County authorizes crane crossing of ROW, increasing radiuses of intersections, etc Road Maintenance Agreement Overview

103 Permitting Requirements

104 Avian Migration, Raptor Migration, Raptor Nest, Bat Monitoring, Cultural Resources, Wetlands, Threatened and Endangered Species Habitat Assessment, Phase I Environmental Site Assessment, Microwave Beam Path, TV, AM/FM Environmental Studies Completed Chisholm View Wind Project

105 Site Prospecting and SelectionQ12008 Interconnection Feasibility Request Filed (SPP)Q12008 Assessor Supplied GIS OwnershipQ12008 Begin Contacting Landowners to Gauge InterestQ12008 Met Tower Installation (1st of many)Q12008 Initiate Land Leasing CampaignQ22008 Conduct Town Hall Meetings (1st of many)Q22008 Initial Field Environmental SurveysQ12009 Continue Environmental Surveys, Wind Data Collection, Leasing, PRall2009 Initiate Power Marketing Efforts2009 Land Leasing Substantially CompleteQ12010 Generator Interconnection Agreement Executed (SPP)Q32010 Continue Environmental Surveys, Wind Data Collection, Leasing, PRall2010 Power Purchase Agreement ExecutedQ32011 Initiate PermittingQ32011 Initiate Final EngineeringQ32011 Procure Major EquipmentQ42011 Complete Road Maintenance Agreement w/ CountyQ12012 Permitting CompleteQ12012 Construction CommencementQ12012 Turbine Erection BeginsQ32012 Final Completion - Commercial OperationQ42012 Construction Restoration Complete (roads, bridges, private)Q12013 Wind Project OperationsQ12013 and on Chisholm View project time line of events

106 The first completed tower in the Chisholm View Wind Farm. Picture taken July 27, 2012!

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108 Questions? gary.snyder@okstate.edu lwade@garfieldcountyemail.com


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