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Task Force on Smallholders Presentation in Kuala Lumpur 1 st November 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Task Force on Smallholders Presentation in Kuala Lumpur 1 st November 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Task Force on Smallholders Presentation in Kuala Lumpur 1 st November 2009

2 Coordinators’ Report The RSPO Task Force on Smallholders The RSPO Task Force on Smallholders Objectives of this Meeting: Inform participants of Task Force progress Inform participants of Task Force progress Review progress with standard setting for ‘scheme smallholders’ including lessons from pilot audits Review progress with standard setting for ‘scheme smallholders’ including lessons from pilot audits Review progress developing Group Certification Protocol for independent smallholders Review progress developing Group Certification Protocol for independent smallholders Highlight broader issues that need to be addressed by Task Force Highlight broader issues that need to be addressed by Task Force Generate consensus on suggested next steps Generate consensus on suggested next steps

3 Agenda for today Opening by President of RSPO Jan Kees Vis Opening by President of RSPO Jan Kees Vis Progress report by Task Force Leaders Progress report by Task Force Leaders Definitions of smallholders : PNG Definitions of smallholders : PNG Trial Audit: PT Hindoli Trial Audit: PT Hindoli Smallholders’ concerns: SPKS Smallholders’ concerns: SPKS Expanding the role of TFS: OxfamNovib Expanding the role of TFS: OxfamNovib Experiences from Schokland Fund: Solidaridad Experiences from Schokland Fund: Solidaridad Supporting Smallholders: IFC Supporting Smallholders: IFC Group Certification: BioCert Group Certification: BioCert Getting smallholders into the SPO supply chain: Green Palm Getting smallholders into the SPO supply chain: Green Palm Wrap Up by Task Force Leaders Wrap Up by Task Force Leaders Meeting of TFS Steering Group 6 pm Meeting of TFS Steering Group 6 pm

4 Why the Task Force? Major proportion of palm oil comes from smallholders: range of 10% - 90% Major proportion of palm oil comes from smallholders: range of 10% - 90% Original P&C conceived mainly with large estates in mind Original P&C conceived mainly with large estates in mind Can’t expect smallholders to have same documentation for auditors to follow Can’t expect smallholders to have same documentation for auditors to follow Smallholder situation complex and varied Smallholder situation complex and varied Ensure smallholders directly participate in RSPO processes Ensure smallholders directly participate in RSPO processes

5 Mandate Ascertain the suitability of the RSPO Principles & Criteria for smallholders and make proposals on how best these can be adjusted, nationally and/or generically to ensure favourable smallholder involvement in SPO production Ascertain the suitability of the RSPO Principles & Criteria for smallholders and make proposals on how best these can be adjusted, nationally and/or generically to ensure favourable smallholder involvement in SPO production

6 Steering Group Task Force Leaders: SW and FPP Task Force Leaders: SW and FPP PNG: PWM, NBPOL, PKPKM, OPRA PNG: PWM, NBPOL, PKPKM, OPRA Malaysia: FELDA, NASH, MPOA Malaysia: FELDA, NASH, MPOA Indonesia: IPOC, Asian Agri, SPKS, WWF-I Indonesia: IPOC, Asian Agri, SPKS, WWF-I Board members: Oxfam, GAPKI, HSBC Board members: Oxfam, GAPKI, HSBC

7 Main challenges for smallholders StandardsOrg.Tech.$ Secure production base (land rights)X??? Getting a fair deal (prices and credit terms) XGC?? Improving productionX??? Accessing marketsXGC??

8 Schematic work plan NIs Generic Guidance Trial audits Group Certification Existing drafts Redraft Verify if redrafted text is workable Develop system for independent small-holders Redraft Physical Meeting Email consultation Redraft Submit to EB Redraft NI Guidance National consultations and trials

9 Process since November 2008 Convened Steering Group at RT6 Convened Steering Group at RT6 Got request from Board to progress Scheme Smallholder Guidance (SSG) ahead of independents Got request from Board to progress Scheme Smallholder Guidance (SSG) ahead of independents Met in April to agree working text of SSG Met in April to agree working text of SSG Sent SSG for comments May to June Sent SSG for comments May to June Incorporated comments end of June Incorporated comments end of June SSG Adopted by Board July 2009: can now be used SSG Adopted by Board July 2009: can now be used Group Certification Protocol for independent smallholders drafted by BioCert during 1 st part of year Group Certification Protocol for independent smallholders drafted by BioCert during 1 st part of year Draft for comments – August – September Draft for comments – August – September 2 nd draft now in your pack 2 nd draft now in your pack Also trial audits carried out: report today and in plenary Also trial audits carried out: report today and in plenary National level actions: will be reported in plenary National level actions: will be reported in plenary

10 Compliance by mills The unit of verification is the mill and its supply base. The protocol requires that mills ensure that all scheme smallholders supplying the mill are brought into compliance with the RSPO standard within 3 years of the mill and its nucleus estate being certified (Or July 2009 for mills certified earlier).

11 Definitions: smallholders Farmers growing oil palm, sometimes along with subsistence production of other crops, where the family provides the majority of labour and the farm provides the principal source of income and where the planted area of oil palm is usually below 50 hectares in size.

12 ‘Independent’ smallholders independent smallholders while very varied in their situations are characterised by their: freedom to choose how to use their lands, which crops to plant and how to manage them; being self-organised, self-managed and self-financed; and by not being contractually bound to any particular mill or any particular association. They may, however, receive support or extension services from government agencies

13 ‘Scheme’ smallholders smallholders who are structurally bound by contract, by a credit agreement or by planning to a particular mill. Scheme smallholders are often not free to choose which crop they develop, are supervised in their planting and crop management techniques, and are often organised, supervised or directly managed by the managers of the mill, estate or scheme to which they are structurally linked

14 The definitions are not a straitjacket Task Force recommended flexibility in the way the definition is applied Task Force recommended flexibility in the way the definition is applied This was accepted by the Board This was accepted by the Board NI’s thus have to review definitions and clarify how they adhere or depart from it. NI’s thus have to review definitions and clarify how they adhere or depart from it. PNG example next PNG example next

15 Main issues with scheme smallholder guidance Responsibility: although smallholders are accountable to their manager the responsibility for compliance lies with the scheme manager from the estate or mill to which smallholder is tied. Responsibility: although smallholders are accountable to their manager the responsibility for compliance lies with the scheme manager from the estate or mill to which smallholder is tied. Indicators: not changed from ‘mother’ standard but can be revised after 2 year interim phase. Indicators: not changed from ‘mother’ standard but can be revised after 2 year interim phase. Existing National Interpretations on smallholders: should be revised within one year (ie by July 2010) to bring them into conformity with generic standard while taking into account national differences. Existing National Interpretations on smallholders: should be revised within one year (ie by July 2010) to bring them into conformity with generic standard while taking into account national differences.

16 Next steps Review Group Certification Protocol (start today) Review Group Certification Protocol (start today) Develop draft guidance for Independent Smallholders taking account of: Develop draft guidance for Independent Smallholders taking account of: GCP GCP Pilot audit results Pilot audit results Suggestions from smallholders Suggestions from smallholders Hold SG meeting to review draft text Hold SG meeting to review draft text Submit text for public comment Submit text for public comment Revise text Revise text Submit to Board Submit to Board Dates need to be agreed today if possible Dates need to be agreed today if possible

17 Main questions for breakout groups Finalising the Protocol (Group 1 English and Group 2 BI) Finalising the Protocol (Group 1 English and Group 2 BI) Menyelesaikan protokol Menyelesaikan protokol Traceability and documentation Traceability and documentation Keterlacakan dan pendokumentasian Equitable benefit sharing Equitable benefit sharing Pembagian keuntungan yang adil Flexibility in market access Flexibility in market access Fleksibilitas dalam hal akses pasar Intermediaries IntermediariesPerantara Models for groups Models for groups Model untuk kelompok Risk assessment requirement Risk assessment requirement Persyaratan penilaian resiko

18 Group 3 and 4 Adapting the protocol to national realities (Group 3 English and 4 BI ) Adapting the protocol to national realities (Group 3 English and 4 BI ) Do they have land ownership titles and if not what? \ Do they have land ownership titles and if not what? \ Apakah mereka memiliki surat kepemilikan atas tanahnya; bila tidak apa? Apakah mereka memiliki surat kepemilikan atas tanahnya; bila tidak apa? How deal with community land / How deal with community land / Bagaimana berurusan dengan tanah adat atau ulayat Bagaimana berurusan dengan tanah adat atau ulayat Are there useful/ useable models for groups Are there useful/ useable models for groups Apakah ada model yang berguna dan bisa dipraktekkan? Apakah ada model yang berguna dan bisa dipraktekkan?

19 Group 5 Implications of the Protocol for P&C (G&I) for independent smallholders (Group 5 – both languages interpreter please) Implications of the Protocol for P&C (G&I) for independent smallholders (Group 5 – both languages interpreter please) Apakah dampak dari Protokol untuk Prinsip dan Kriteria ini bagi petani swadaya What P&C are most difficult to comply with as a group? eg 2.2 and 2.3 land ownership What P&C are most difficult to comply with as a group? eg 2.2 and 2.3 land ownership Apa prinsip dan Kriteria yang paling sulit dipenuhi oleh kelompok? Contoh 2.2 dan 2.3 tentang kepemilikan tanah Others? This is your chance to flag the key issues!! Others? This is your chance to flag the key issues!! Hal lain? Ini kesempatan yang baik untuk mengutarakannya

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