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Lecture 17 Sec Wed, Feb 13, 2008 Boxplots

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Boxplot – A graphical display of a five-number summary. Draw and label a scale representing the variable. Draw a box over the scale with its left and right ends at Q1 and Q3. Draw a vertical line through the box at the median. Draw a left tail (whisker) from the box to the minimum. Draw a right tail from the box to the maximum.

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Example Draw a boxplot of the sample 5, 20, 30, 45, 60, 80, 100, 140, 150, 200, 240.

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Example

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Example MinQ1MedQ3Max

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Example MinMax

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Example MinMax

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Example Max

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Example

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Example

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Boxplots and Shape What would a boxplot for a uniform distribution look like? What would a boxplot for a symmetric distribution look like? What would a boxplot for a right-skewed distribution look like?

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TI-83 – Boxplots Press STAT PLOT. Select Plot1 Turn Plot 1 On. Select the Boxplot Type. Specify list L 1. Press ZOOM. Select ZoomStat (#9) and press ENTER.

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TI-83 – Boxplots Press TRACE. Use the arrow keys to see the values of the minimum, Q1, the median, Q3, and the maximum.

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Modified Boxplots Modified boxplot – A boxplot in which the outliers are indicated.

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Modified Boxplots Q1Q3 Draw the box part of the boxplot as usual. Compute STEP = 1.5 IQR. The inner fences are at Q1 – STEP and Q3 + STEP.

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Modified Boxplots Q1Q3 IQR Draw the box part of the boxplot as usual. Compute STEP = 1.5 IQR. The inner fences are at Q1 – STEP and Q3 + STEP.

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Modified Boxplots Q1Q3 IQR 1.5 IQR Draw the box part of the boxplot as usual. Compute STEP = 1.5 IQR. The inner fences are at Q1 – STEP and Q3 + STEP.

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Modified Boxplots Q1Q3 IQR 1.5 IQR Lower fence Upper fence Draw the box part of the boxplot as usual. Compute STEP = 1.5 IQR. The inner fences are at Q1 – STEP and Q3 + STEP.

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Modified Boxplots Extend the whiskers from the box to the smallest and largest values that are within the inner fences. Any values that are outside the inner fences should be drawn as individual dots. These dots represent outliers.

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Case Study 8 Draw a modified boxplot of the sample 9, 13, 39, 40, 42, 46, 49, 54, 55, 60, 84.

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Case Study Small Arms Study (p. 47) 2007 Small Arms Study Find the five-number summary of the data. Draw a modified boxplot.

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TI-83 – Modified Boxplots Follow the same steps as for a regular boxplot, but for the Type, select the modified-boxplot icon, the first icon in the second row. It looks like a boxplot with a couple of extra dots. Use the TI-83 to find a modified boxplot of the sample data 9, 13, 39, 40, 42, 46, 49, 54, 55, 75, 84.

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Box Plots For an example of modified boxplots, see DePaul University’s web page on retention.web page

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