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Next-Generation ROADMs

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Presentation on theme: "Next-Generation ROADMs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Next-Generation ROADMs
October 1, 2012 Sheldon Walklin CTO, Optelian

2 Contents Introduction Wavelength Selective Switch
Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless Flexible Bandwidth ROADMs and Transmission Beyond 100 Gb/s ROADM Control, OpenFlow and SDN Conclusion

3 Wavelength Selective Switch Functionality
Nx1 WSS VOA 1 SW 1 Port 1 . . . . . . Common . . . VOA M SW M . . . . . . Port N . . .

4 Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless (CDC)
Any wavelength can be dynamically added/dropped without having to re-fiber a transceiver. Directionless A wavelength can be dynamically added/dropped from any direction without having to re-fiber a transceiver. Contentionless A wavelength can be re-used on all directions without any restrictions.

5 4-Degree ROADM (Colored)
In general, can build an N-degree ROADM using Nx1 WSSs and 1xN splitters. The color and direction are fixed by fiber connections.

6 4-Degree ROADM (Colorless)
Any transceiver wavelength (color) can be remotely configured The direction is fixed by fiber connections. Reduced number of access ports compared to colored. 6

7 Colorless and Directionless
Wavelength Contention Structure for cross connecting between degrees remains the same as shown for the 4-degree ROADM on earlier slide.

8 Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless (using NxM WSSs)

9 Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless (using Broadcast-and-Select with Tunable Filters)
Drop directions Add directions A B C D A B C D 4x1 SW 4x1 SW 4x1 SW 4x1 SW 4x1 SW 4x1 SW TF TF TF CDC add ports CDC drop ports

10 Colorless, Directionless and Contentionless (using Adjunct NxM Photonic Switches)
Use NxM photonic switches to upgrade existing colored ROADMs to full CDC functionality

11 Ideal CDC WSS Concept module
Non-blocking wavelength switching between any set of ports. Per wavelength attenuation control at line egress ports. Low insertion loss (up to a few dB) Very high reliability.

12 The Benefit of CDC Functionality
Without CDC, cannot automatically restore optical circuit for failure on Span S1 or S6, or power failure at Node R2 or R4. CDC allows more flexibility to remotely reroute optical circuit when optimizing network utilization. Consideration: OTN and/or Layer 2+ protection and switching capabilities may reduce need for optical circuit dynamic routing.

13 Flexible Bandwidth ROADMs
Flexible bandwidth (FB) ROADMs (aka gridless ROADMs) allow the passband center and/or width to be dynamically adjusted. Many people advocate that FB ROADMs will be required to support bit rates beyond 100G.

14 Considerations for Transmission Beyond 100 Gb/s
For 40G and 100G transmission, the client interface has transitioned to parallel optics, while the line interface has retained single-carrier optics for improved transmission capacity. Parallel optics will likely be required on the line interface for bit rates approaching 1 Tb/s and beyond. Multi-carrier channels or superchannels are likely to be used for long-haul transmission beyond 100 Gb/s, with PDM-QPSK used for each constituent carrier. PDM-xQAM may be used in Metro (shorter distance) applications. Although FB ROADMs may provide improved spectral efficiency, they are not required for transmission beyond 100 Gb/s.

15 ROADM Control Automated Optical Layer
Controls the power level of each wavelength at ROADM ports to a set target (Automatic Power Balancing) Span or link gain control Automated Wavelength Circuit Provisioning Impairment-aware path computation (wavelength routing) ROADM switch configuration

16 Automated Wavelength Circuit Provisioning
1 wavelength circuit request 2 A-to-Z circuit request with routing constraints done 5 Connection Controller Path Computation Element impairment-aware viable route(s) and required regen location(s) 4 signaling 3 Optical Network

17 OpenFlow and SDN App App Centralized dynamic control
Simple flow table entry at each ROADM for wavelength connection Smart Apps – must be aware of topology, resource availability and state, fiber properties, impairment modeling, etc. Opportunity for OpenFlow applications to have multi-layer control and visibility Apps can evolve independently of physical network OpenFlow Controller App R1 s2 s1 R3 s3 s10 R2 s4 R5 s5 R4 s11 s7 s6 R6 s8 R7 s12 s9 R8

18 Conclusion Current generation ROADMs use WSS modules and have colored or colorless access ports. CDC functionality generally has a higher capital cost and lower access port density, but may provide lower operational costs. FB ROADMs may provide improved spectral efficiency, but are not required to achieve transmission beyond 100 Gb/s Multi-carrier channels or superchannels will likely be used for long-haul transmission beyond 100 Gb/s, with PDM-QPSK used for each constituent carrier. PDM-xQAM may see application in the Metro Automated ROADM networks are well-suited to centralized control, making OpenFlow a good match. This could also facilitate multi-layer control.

19 Thank You

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