Presentation on theme: "Presented by Dean Aufderheide, PhD., Mental Health Service Director, on behalf of Daniel G. Ronay, Chief Deputy Secretary, Florida Dept. of Corrections."— Presentation transcript:
Presented by Dean Aufderheide, PhD., Mental Health Service Director, on behalf of Daniel G. Ronay, Chief Deputy Secretary, Florida Dept. of Corrections
Just the Facts United States is about 5% of world population, but incarcerates 25% of world’s inmates 40% of individuals with serious mental illnesses have been in jail or prison at some time in their lives Americans with severe mental illnesses are 3 times more likely to be in jail or prison than in a psychiatric hospital In less than three decades, the percentage of seriously mentally ill prisoners has almost tripled from about 6% in 1983 to 15-20% today
Defining the Problem According to the NAMI report, Florida is 49 th in the nation in per capita spending on mental health services In Florida, a person with serious mental illness is 5 times more likely to be in a jail or prison compared to in a hospital. There are more inpatient beds in the Florida prison system than the number of involuntary civil commitment beds in Florida’s state hospital system 18% of the inmates in the Florida DOC have a diagnosed mental disorder that requires mental health treatment 2010 Survey of states by the Treatment Advocacy Center and the National Sheriffs’ Association
Florida Mirrors the National Trend in Mentally Ill Population 59% Increase, but Has Stabilized Over Past 3 Years at About18%
Mental Illness in by Mental Health Grade Total Inmates 101,767 Florida Department of Corrections - Bureau of Research and Data Analysis - February 14, 2011
Increase in the Percentage of Inmates with Severe and Persistent Mental Illness (SPMI) within the Mentally Ill Population (Psychotic Disorders, Bipolar Disorders, Major Depression) Florida Department of Corrections, Date Bureau of Research & Data Analysis
Mental Health ReEntry Program Meeting the Challenge in Florida Creating an Interagency Agreement between the Department of Corrections and the Department of Children and Families Coordinating with the Social Security Administration to complete SSDI/SSI applications Establishing Community Partnerships with Stakeholders Created a Central Office full-time staff position in mental health to provide oversight and coordinate aftercare services statewide and with stakeholders Created new institutional Mental Health ReEntry Specialist positions solely dedicated to coordinate aftercare services
Number of Offenders Eligible for Post-Release Aftercare Planning Annually 8 Florida Department of Corrections; Bureau of Research and Data Analysis; November 30, 2010
DCF Mini- Mainframe DC/DCF Web-Based Electronic Referral System Veteran’s Administration Agency for Health Care Administration Parole and Probation Agency for Persons with Disabilities County Sherriff’s Department DC Mainframe DCF Web Interface DC staff enter referral information into DC Mainframe Encrypted file transfer DCF staff receives notice of referral and assigns community provider based on the county of destination DC, DCF, CMHC providers have access to aftercare database. DC staff obtains aftercare arrangements from aftercare database / communicates information to inmate. Updated Weekly DCF staff calls provider to establish appointment. DC referral information de-encrypted Office of Homelessness Agency Workforce Innovation Florida Institute Legal Services DCF Office of Disability Determination Potential Stakeholders
“Seamless Delivery System” Community Corrections Programs In-Prison Programs Residential Short-term (6 months) Residential Long-term Therapeutic Community Aftercare Upon Admission: IP Screening Prevention Motivational Groups Intensive Outpatient Substance Abuse Transition Centers Residential Therapeutic Community Support Groups Upon Release: IP Post-Release Substance Abuse Transitional Housing Upon Admission: CC Assessment (if court ordered) UA Testing Outpatient
In-Prison Substance Abuse Gaps in Services vs. Need FY NEED 65% 35,810 inmates were provided screening assessments at reception. ~65% of the total inmate population have consistently been screened to be in need of substance abuse treatment services. Approximately 19% of those have a co-occurring SA & MH disorder. 84% of released inmates that needed treatment; did NOT receive it. Total = 102,232 As of June 30, ,533 available department substance abuse treatment slots.
775 Short – term – 73% 286 Long – term – 27% 1,061 – Contracted Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Beds 775 Short – term – 73% 286 Long – term – 27% 37 - Contracts for Outpatient Substance Abuse Programs and 22 Contracts for Outpatient Mental Health and Sex Offenders Treatment available throughout the 20 circuits.
Community Corrections Substance Abuse: Gap vs Need FY On 6/30/10, 152,928 offenders were on active supervision. Approximately 55.8% (85,341) offenders supervised are potentially in need of substance abuse treatment. Statistics compiled by the Bureau of Research & Data Analysis Need Total
Special Collaborative Re-Entry Project At Century Correctional Institution the Department of Children and Families is funding a Reentry Case Manager position that provides case management and follow up services to inmates with substance abuse problems released from Century CI to the Escambia County area. Services include: – Family connectivity – Housing Referrals – Substance Abuse referrals/follow up – Mental Health referrals/follow up – Case management
Seeking New Funding Opportunities and Partnerships Partnering with two community-based treatment providers the Department submitted a 2 nd Chance Grant application for Adult Offenders with Co-occurring Disorders in June of The program, if funded, would target inmates with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders located in the Department’s Therapeutic Community Program at Jefferson Correctional Institution who are returning to the Circuit 2 vicinity. Post –release re-entry services include mental health and substance abuse aftercare and case management services, follow-up psychiatric care, and medication management. Based on individual needs, housing, transportation and employment skill training will be provided..
Circuit 17 Program Targets Severely and Persistent Mentally Ill In 2006, based on legislative appropriation, the Department partnered with Henderson Mental Health Center to develop a pilot program that provides intensive, specialized re-entry rehabilitation and support services to probationers and released inmates who have a severe and persistent mental illness. This program continues today. Program Goals include successful re-entry by preventing unnecessary psychiatric hospitalization(s), incarceration(s) or crises.
Prison Diversion Currently, Circuit 13 has the only pilot prison diversion program (PDP) Offenders are sentenced to the program in lieu of prison. Program provides varying levels of care. Individuals in need of mental health services receive services through the provider’s psychiatrist or referred to an outside provider. Offenders in need of substance abuse treatment receive services through the program.
Probation Officers work with Mental Health Courts Circuit 15- Mental Health Court Circuit 17-Mental Health Court Circuit 12-Sarasota County Mental Health Court was established in the 1990’s. Circuit 13-Pre Trial Intervention Mental Health Court Circuit 20-Lee and Collier counties have Mental Health Courts Circuit 8 –Alachua County Mental Health Court Circuit 2 – Mental Health Court
Veterans Dorm Program Over 6,700 self-reported Military Service personnel Identified Dorms –6 dorms sites Inmate relocation in process Curriculum development in process Identify programming –Thinking for a Change, staff trained –Establishment of community partners and stakeholders
Veteran Inmates Requiring Post-Release Mental Health/Substance Abuse Treatment Inmates referred to DCF/VA for Post-Release Mental Health/Substance Abuse Treatment in 2007 The Florida Department of Corrections, Bureau of Research and Data Analysis, Inmate Data Section, January 29, 2008; (1) National Survey on Drug Use and Health, “Male Users with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and a Substance Use Disorder," Nov.11, 2004, ;http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k4/vetsDualDX/vetsDualDX.htm In 2002/2003, an estimated 1.2 million male veterans were identified as suffering from serious mental illnesses. Approximately 340,000 of these individuals had co-occurring substance abuse disorders (1).
Recidivism Reduction Initiatives and Priorities Increase the number of Pre-Release Substance Abuse Treatment slots. Decrease the number of inmates who are released from prison without receiving needed treatment. Target level and length of treatment based on inmate needs.
Recidivism Reduction Initiatives and Priorities Increase mental health training opportunities for Probation and Correctional Officers Increase communication between Institutional Substance Abuse Treatment Staff and Mental Health Treatment Staff Enhance continuum of care by increasing communication between Institutions and Community Corrections staff
Recidivism Reduction Initiatives and Priorities Develop one (1) additional Pilot Prison Diversion Program in a rural circuit. Partner with Florida Certification Board, Florida Alcohol Drug Abuse Association, and Substance Abuse providers to replicate a certification process for a Recovery Specialist Credential.
Recovery Health Network Discount Prescription Drug Cards
The Importance of Collaborative Leadership to the Right Thing, the Right Way for the Right Reasons in Our Mental Health and Substance Abuse Programs