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S4 General 12-Apr-15 Likelihood Number Line Combined Probabilities Relative Frequency Probability www.mathsrevision.com Mutually Excusive Events Independent.

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Presentation on theme: "S4 General 12-Apr-15 Likelihood Number Line Combined Probabilities Relative Frequency Probability www.mathsrevision.com Mutually Excusive Events Independent."— Presentation transcript:

1 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Likelihood Number Line Combined Probabilities Relative Frequency Probability Mutually Excusive Events Independent Events

2 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Starter Questions 75 o xoxo

3 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.Understand the probability line. 1.To understand probability in terms of the number line and calculate simple probabilities. 2.Calculate simply probabilities.

4 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Likelihood Line CertainEvensImpossible Not very likely Very likely Winning the Lottery School Holidays Baby Born A Boy Seeing a butterfly In July Go back in time

5 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Likelihood Line CertainEvensImpossible Not very likely Very likely Everyone getting 100 % in test Homework Every week Toss a coin That land Heads It will Snow in winter Going without Food for a year.

6 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Key Points To work out a probability P(A) = Probability is ALWAYS in the range 0 to 1

7 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Number Likelihood Line CertainEvensImpossible Q. What is the chance of picking a number between 1 – 8 ? Q. What is the chance of picking a number that is even ? Q. What is the chance of picking the number 1 ? 8 8 = = = P = P(E) = P(1) =

8 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Likelihood Line CertainEvensImpossible Not very likely Very likely Q. What is the chance of picking a red card ? Q. What is the chance of picking a diamond ? Q. What is the chance of picking ace ? 52 = = = P (Red) = P (D) = P (Ace) = 52 cards in a pack of cards

9 12-Apr-15 Now try Ex 1A & 1B Ch10 (page 123) Probability S4 General

10 12-Apr-15 Starter Questions 37 o xoxo

11 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.Construct combination tables and tree diagrams. 1.To understand combined probability by constructing tables or tree diagrams. 2.Calculate probabilities from tables or tree diagrams. Combined Probabilities

12 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Calculate Probability : 1.Both green Probability Traffic Light 1Traffic Light 2 Combined Probabilities On route to school I pass two sets of traffic light. They work independently. Complete the table of all possible combinations Traffic Light 1 Traffic light 2 (r,R) (g,R) (a,R) (r,A) (g,A) (a,A) (r,G) (g,G) (a,G) AGR a g r 2. At least one green 3. One is amber one red

13 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Calculate Probability : 1.Both green Probability Traffic Light 1Traffic Light 2 Combined Probabilities Another way of representing the data ! Tree Diagram T L 1 (r,R) (g,R) (a,R) (r,A) (g,A) (a,A) (r,G) (g,G) (a,G) A G R a g r 2. At least one green 3. One is amber one red A G R A G R T L2

14 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Key Points 1.List all combinations (using a suitable table or tree diagram) 2.Interpret information to calculate probabilities. Combined Probabilities

15 12-Apr-15 Now try Exercise 2 Ch10 (page 124) Probability S4 General Combined Probabilities

16 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Starter Questions 120 o xoxo

17 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.Know the term relative frequency. 1.To understand the term relative frequency. 2.Calculate relative frequency from data given. Relative Frequency

18 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Relative Frequency : How often an event happens compared to the total number of events.DanielFrances Number of heads 2455 Number of tosses Example Joe has a R.F. of heads = Relative Frequency

19 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Relative Frequency : How often an event happens compared to the total number of events.DanielFrances Number of heads 2455 Number of tosses Example Frances has a R.F. of heads = Relative Frequency

20 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Frances has a R.F. of heads Joe has a R.F. of heads = Whose relative frequency is closer to P(H) ? P(H) = 0.5France’s R.F. is closer to P(H) Note : The larger the random sample, the closer the relative frequency is to the probability of the event Relative Frequency

21 12-Apr-15 Now try Exercise 3 Ch10 (page 126) Probability S4 General Relative Frequency

22 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Starter Questions 55 o xoxo 47 o

23 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.Understand the term mutually exclusive. mutually exclusive. 1.To understand that the term mutually exclusive. Understand that we simply add probabilities with this property. 2.Calculate probabilities for events that have this property. Mutually Exclusive

24 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) Mutually Exclusive When two events are MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE Cannot happen at the same time we can simply add their individual probabilities “or” means add

25 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Example : There are 12 balls in a box. Mutually Exclusive Q.What is the probability of picking a green ball. Q.What is the probability of picking a white ball. Q.What is the probability of picking a green OR white ball. P(G) = P(W) = P(G or W) = P(G) + P(W)

26 12-Apr-15 Now try Ex 4A & 4B Ch10 (page 127) Probability S4 General Mutually Exclusive

27 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Starter Questions xoxo 270 o

28 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Learning Intention Success Criteria 1.Understand when two events are independent. 1.To understand that if two events are independent we can simply multiply probabilities. 2.Calculate probabilities for events that are independent. Independent Events

29 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Calculate P(R) for spinner 1 Probability Spinner 1Spinner 2 Independent Events Write down all the possible outcomes when the two spinners are spun together. Spinner 1 Spinner 2 (Y,Y) (R,Y) (G,Y) (Y,G) (R,G) (G,G) (Y,R) (R,R) (G,R) GRY G R Y Calculate (R) for spinner 2 Notice from table P (R,R) P(R,R) = P(R) x P(R)

30 S4 General 12-Apr-15 Probability Key Points For two independent events A and B we can multiply the individual probabilities P(A and B) = P(A) x P(B) 1.List all combinations. 2.Calculate individual probabilities. 3.Multiply them together. Independent Events “and” means multiply Independent Events

31 12-Apr-15 Now try Exercise 5 Ch10 (page 129) Probability S4 General Independent Events


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