Presentation on theme: "LOGO Bangkok, May 2009 Water Resources Management in Ba River Basin under Future Development and Climate Scenarios Presented by: Nguyen Thi Thu Ha Examination."— Presentation transcript:
LOGO Bangkok, May 2009 Water Resources Management in Ba River Basin under Future Development and Climate Scenarios Presented by: Nguyen Thi Thu Ha Examination Committee : Dr. Mukand S. Babel ( Chairperson ) Dr. Roberto S. Clemente Dr. Sylvain Perret Dr. Sutat Weesakul
Presentation Outline Statement of the Problem 1 Objectives and Scope of the Study 2 Methodology 34 Results 5 Conclusions and Recommendations
Statement of the Problem Future and Scenarios: Why? -Scenarios: a systematic way of thinking about the future -To get a better understanding of the possible implications of decisions -To support decision-making process Ba River Basin: Why? -The largest river basin in the southern region of Central Vietnam -Planning and management of water resources are currently done based on sectoral approaches and administrative boundaries -Future basin development, global warming and its impacts will put pressure on water and land resources Rationale -A proper water planning and management will be a major step in achieving sustainable development (Bonn, 2001). -System analysis tools are powerful to evaluate and propose the best water management strategies. - Good water resources management should be based on an understanding of current demand/ supply and an awareness of possible future trends.
Objectives of the Study To develop a comprehensive simulation model to assess impacts of current and future basin development, as well as climate change on runoff, demand/ supply for Ba River Basin, Vietnam. Objective 2 To simulate and assess impacts of current and future basin development on water demand/supply under different water type years aiding for short-term WRM&P. Objective 3 To simulate and assess climate change impacts on river runoff, water supply and demand under current and future basin development aiding for long-term WRM&P Objective 1 To calibrate and validate a comprehensive simulation model of the Ba River Basin System.
Scope of the Study 1.Study area: Ba River Basin 2.Data collection: Hydro-meteorological data, water uses, river network, water infrastructure and their operations. 3.The Ba river basin system model is developed by coupling NAM and WEAP 4.Future basin development is based on the regional and sectoral plans towards 2020 5.Different water years based on frequency analysis are applied for scenarios of future basin development and water supply priorities for short-term WRM&P 6.Daily CCCma-CGCM2 rainfall and evaporation SRES-A2 and B2 up to 2100 (from Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis) is used for study of climate change impacts for long-term WRM&P
Methodology Different water patterns Climate change scenarios Long-term Water Planning Scenarios Current and future basin developments Short-term Water Planning Scenarios - River flow - Water Shortages or coverage (user satisfaction) - Energy production, Reservoir storages - Environmental flow… - River flow - Water Shortages or coverage (user satisfaction) - Energy production, Reservoir storages - Environmental flow… Frequency analysis of inflow record The bias corrected CCCma-CGCM2, daily evaporation and rainfall Watershed and Stream Delineation Data on water uses for all sectors 1.Irrigation 2.Livestock 3.Domestic 4.Industry 5.Environment Runoff for sub-basins Water allocation and planning model (WEAP) Demand Estimations Water infrastructures and their operation; river network (connectivity) Ba River Basin System Model Rainfall-Runoff Model (NAM) Meteorological data and calibration parameters Calibration Validation
Methodology (cont’d) Rainfall – Runoff Model (NAM) To translate rainfall into flow in a river via a set of linked mathematical statements - Current and future water demand/ supply, water infrastructures’ operations - Water development and management options by means of scenario analyses - WEAP software: water balance accounting; a linear programming (LP) for water allocation optimization based on supply priorities. River Basin Planning Model (WEAP)
S1: Reference Scenario (Current Situation) Reservoir Storage and Hydropower
S2 and S3: Impact of future basin development Without (S2) and with (S3) introduction of water supply priorities Impact on water unmet demand for all sectors and irrigation sites
S2 and S3: Impact of future basin development Without (S2) and With (S3) introduction of water supply priorities Impact on inter-basin transfer link and instream flow requirement
S2 and S3: Impact of future basin development Without (S2) and With (S3) introduction of water supply priorities (cont’d) Impact on hydropower production and reservoir storage
S3 and S4: Impact of future basin development No improvement (S3) and increase of irrigation efficiency (S4) Impact on water unmet demand for all sectors and irrigation sites
S3 and S4: Impact of future basin development No improvement (S3) and increase of irrigation efficiency (S4) Impact on inter-basin transfer link and instream flow requirement
S3 and S4: Impact of future basin development No improvement (S3) and increase of irrigation efficiency (S4) Impact on hydropower production and reservoir storage
Assessment of Climate Change Impacts Future evaporation and rainfall projections Local time series of daily weather up to 2100 CCCma-CGCM2 SRES-A2 and B2 Multiplicative shift method Future evaporation projections Future evaporation projections Future precipitation projections Future precipitation projections Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis Ba River Basin System Model Climate Change Impacts on river flow, water deficits, etc.???
Bias correction and validation of predicted daily CGM evap. & rainfall
S5 and S6: CC impact on stream flow (water availability) current (S5) and future (S6) basin development
S6: CC impact on water deficits Future basin development and introduction of water supply priorities
S6: CC impact on inter-basin transfer and environmental flow Future basin development and introduction of water supply priorities
S6: CC impact on hydropower and reservoir storage future basin development and introduction of water supply priorities
Conclusions A comprehensive system simulation model for Ba River Basin was developed by coupling a rainfall- runoff model (NAM) and a water planning model (WEAP), it is a powerful tool to aid in decision-making in ST and LT water resources planning and management. Future water infrastructures developed in the basin are very sensitive to water deficits and environmental flows. Introduction of water supply priorities is useful to assure the equitable allocation proportions between upstream and downstream water users and meet fully for prior water demand sectors (domestic and industrial) in case of water shortages. Improvement of irrigation efficiency can partially help in reducing water deficits for all water use sectors including environmental flow requirements. Climate change impacts: -An increasing trend in annual evaporation -Dry seasonal rainfall anomalies are close to or below the equilibrium line -A decrease of runoff in the dry season; an increase of the wet season flow. -More water deficits; reduction in storages of reservoirs and decreases in hydropower productions at hydropower schemes
Recommendations Operation rule curves of new reservoirs should be achieved Feasibility of inter-basin transfer links should be considered in terms of no violations of water demands within basin but also economic, environmental aspects and other benefits for the received basins. More experiments of GCMs’ outputs should be applied to justify the results More complex and sophisticated methods should be studied to correct biases and to downscale the GCMs’ outputs into smaller resolutions