Presentation on theme: "Morality in the Modern World S4 Medical Ethics. Embryo Research An embryo is a fertilised egg After the 14 th day the different parts of the embryo."— Presentation transcript:
Morality in the Modern World S4 Medical Ethics
Embryo Research An embryo is a fertilised egg After the 14 th day the different parts of the embryo begin to develop At this point some scientists believe that the embryo can feel pain Scientists use embryos in research for various reasons such as eradicating genetically inherited disease Most of the embryos scientists use come from IVF
IVF IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilisation This happens out side the woman’s body in a laboratory Many people who are unable to conceive naturally have IVF to help them have a child The woman is given a course of drugs to induce hyper stimulation of the ovaries This means that she will produce more than one egg in a month The eggs are extracted and fertilised in a glass dish The embryos are then implanted in the woman’s uterus Embryos can be frozen for up to 5 years
What does an embryo look like?
The HFEA The use of embryos is monitored by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority It sets the guidelines for the use of embryos in research and makes sure that scientists follow the guidelines set The guidelines are set out in the HFE act of 1999
The Law Embryo can only be used until the 14 th day After 14 days they must be destroyed Embryos can be frozen for a maximum of 5 years The research must have a specific purpose or goal Permission from the ‘owners’ must be given for the embryos to be used Embryo selection cannot be gender based
Reasons Against Embryo Research The embryo will not survive Many people think that it is wrong to end the life of a living being Some people think that the embryo is a person Some people believe that it goes against the sanctity of life