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1 Monique Grandbastien 1, Benjamin Huynh-Kim-Bang 1, Tomas Pariente Lobo 2, Sihuhe Aroyo 3 1 LORIA-UHP Nancy I, France 2 ATOS Research & Innnovation, Madrid,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Monique Grandbastien 1, Benjamin Huynh-Kim-Bang 1, Tomas Pariente Lobo 2, Sihuhe Aroyo 3 1 LORIA-UHP Nancy I, France 2 ATOS Research & Innnovation, Madrid,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Monique Grandbastien 1, Benjamin Huynh-Kim-Bang 1, Tomas Pariente Lobo 2, Sihuhe Aroyo 3 1 LORIA-UHP Nancy I, France 2 ATOS Research & Innnovation, Madrid, Spain 3 University of Alcala de Henares, Spain The LUISA framework for enabling semantic search of learning resources

2 2 LUISA project objectives (European project) To demonstrate the feasibility and the added value of applications making an intensive use of existing semantic web technologies in a given sector, and thus: To provide a general framework for managing learning resources and to demonstrate the significant push that these technologies can bring, compared to existing solutions To provide and test two customizations of the framework in different settings: An industrial environment with EADS/Airbus An academic environment with UHP Nancy1

3 3 Retrieving learning resources today Potential availability of an increasing number of resources Achievements in standards proposals for allowing interoperability However, queries in Learning Object Repositories mostly textual and key-word based Semantic based solutions have not been yet fully deployed in this field But…. Is it feasible ? Which cost? What can be shared and reused?

4 4 LUISA Global Architecture

5 5 Focus on the knowledge layer in LUISA Among the semantic web technologies, a strong knowledge layer including: Common knowledge framework Learning Resource Core Ontology Based on LOM Competency Core ontology Based on GCO Customized knowledge framework Specialisation of the Core Ontologies Domain specific ontologies

6 6 Industrial use case Focuses on Training management mission support the development and maintenance of the right range of skills and competences needed for the employees’ jobs Industrial use case is about Training course design support the finding and selection of Learning Objects and their combination within a course so to improve the adequacy between an individual competence profile and her job context requirements  doesn’t deal with digital content production but rather with course’s design

7 7 Industrial Use case During annual interview the Engineer and her Manager agree on a training plan (LO selection & combination) to complete the Engineer profile with regard to her job position requirements Annual interview The Training Manager shall be able to Search/build training offers with regard to some competency indicators, having a collective viewpoint Training Management A User shall be able to select/organize relevant LOs with regard to any target competence, profession or job position Life long learning The Manager shall be able to find people having relevant competencies with regard to a target profession, possibly modulo individual training needs Staffing

8 8 Academic use case Focuses on providing on line resources to campus based students supports the personalization of learning material Allows teachers to select and retrieve teaching material for their students suppors the finding and selection of fine grained Learning Objects and their combination to improve the adequacy between students’ profiles and needs and available resources  deals with digital content production (to some extent)

9 9 Academic Use case Mandatory before obtaining any bachelor degree in French Universities Informatics and Internet competencies Could get resources suitable for their students, possibly after reworking them. Academic staff in charge of students A student shall be able to get a given C2i competency or to improve it or to check whether he/she is ready for taking the exam Updating a given competency Could train themselves according to their own needs, distance students as well as on campus students Students on their own

10 10 LUISA customized for the academic case

11 11 Academic Use Case : C2i competencies C2i competences are organized into a set of main competencies, each of them being subdivised into subcompetencies Main competencies complete list : General and transversal competencies A1: Be aware of the evolution of IT. A2: Comprehend the ethical issues. Specific and instrumental competencies B1: Control his environment of work. B2: Research of information. B3: Save, secure and back-up his data in a local place or on a network. B4: Realize documents for printing. B5: Realize presentations of his work offline and online. B6: Communicate remotely. B7: Produce a joint project.

12 12 Academic Use Case ontologies cLomgcs uhpClomuhpGcs uhpComputerLiteracyuhpFieldOfStudy about

13 13 GCO/C2I : CD concept level CompetencyDefinition CompetencyElementDefinition KnowledgeElementDefinitionSkillDefinitionAttitudeDefinition requires details requiresCED prerequisites OntoTerm about prerequisites

14 14 LUISA in action (demo) Several steps: Resource annotation with the LUISA annotation tool Resources search and retrieval in the LORs Work with selected resources

15 15 How is the selection performed A three steps process Step 1 Using competency based and topic based criteria Step 2 Taking into account preference constraints Step 3 Taking into account learning and teaching criteria

16 16 QR step 1: Resources search For each target competency do Competency-based search Add the related competency elements and build «list_of_comp» Search for resource metadata including competency elements from «list_of_comp»(resource instance)resource instance Topic-based search (optional) Build the topic list « list_of_topics » from the about relation in the knowledge-element class Search for resource metadata including topics from the « list_of_topics » Step result = the R-list of candidate resources

17 17 GCO/C2I : CED instance level CD:B4 CD:B4 textprocessorCD:B4 spreadsheet KED: k_basic_textprocessor KED: k_advanced_textprocessorKED: k_advanced_spreadsheet KED: k_basic_spreadsheet details requires prerequisites « TextProcessor » instance (ComputerLiteracy. Onto) « Spreadsheet » instance (ComputerLiteracy. Onto) about

18 18 QR step 2 : Constraint checking For each element from R-list do If one of the preference constraints is not satisfied, delete from R-list If one of the prerequisite constraint (coming from the prerequisite relation in the knowledge-element class from the GCO-C2I ontology) is not satisfied, delete from R-list (GCO/C2I concept / instance level)concept / instance Step result = the « to be proposed » P-list

19 19 QR step 3: Final selection criteria Up to step 2, resource selection was based on competency and topic criteria. During step 3, a final selection is based on teaching, learning and personalizing criteria. These criteria can be chosen and used from different perspectives, giving birth to different solutions for the learner Criteria used for the scenario package composition choice : for each target competency, provide a « package » including at least a presentation and an exercise material coherence : prefer resources from the same author or targeting the same students or authored in the same institution discipline coherence (when applicable): if the resource relates to some data, prefer data belonging to the discipline of the student’s profile peer rating: prefer resources which were well rated by peer students

20 20 QR step 3: criteria application The previously mentioned criteria are given a weight for computing a global « criteria weight » for each resource For each target competency Select the « best »presentation (higher weight) Select the « best » exercise Put them in the selection basket Put the others in the « alternate » basket. Step result = resource selection

21 21 Annotation interface

22 22 Luisa in action - Query phase : Preferences

23 23 Luisa in action - query phase : query

24 24 Luisa in action : Proposed resources

25 25 Luisa in action : working phase

26 26 Conclusions (1) About customizing the framework Has been successfully customized for two very different environments Ontologies GCO-ontology and LOM ontology easy to specialize Domain specific ontoogies Difficulty to find ontologies for re-use Difficulty for updating »The end-user should be able to create new instances through controlled interfaces

27 27 Conclusions (2) About observed benefits Annotation tool flexibility (application profiles) Rich annotations provided for a cost which is completely similar to a LOM editor based annotation process Dynamic computation of competencies Allows the user to reflect about his competencies Personalization of the final selection Towards rules explaining the proposed selection From the technical side Queries are still too long But the completely distributed framework works! Performance improvements will be on the agenda when the basic functions are implemented

28 28 Key innovations examplified Queries grounded on ontologies C2i competencies, dynamic competency gap computation Preferences Best sources Not detailed in the presentation, but the search could be performed in several LORs LO composition Exemplified with the “pack” Back to the user The learner can select competencies he already owns Not detailed in the presentation, but when no resource is selected through the described process, the user is asked to modify his request Several selection and composition strategies Step 3 of the selection process shows possible alternate resolutions

29 29 Thank you Questions?

30 30

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