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University of Copenhagen New Gaulish Inscriptions Celtic Spring · 23 May 2012 Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "University of Copenhagen New Gaulish Inscriptions Celtic Spring · 23 May 2012 Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 University of Copenhagen New Gaulish Inscriptions Celtic Spring · 23 May 2012 Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic Studies NUI Maynooth New Gaulish Inscriptions1

2 I. The Pottery of Lucius Cosius (L-143a-c) New Gaulish Inscriptions2

3 Source: Allard Mees, Modelsignierte Dekorationen auf südgallischer Terra Sigillata [= Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 54], Stuttgart: Theiss 1995 Lucius Cosius 3New Gaulish Inscriptions

4 worked in La Graufesenque highly individual style exported products to entire empire finds from all over Europe active around A.D. triumph held by Hadrian for Trajan in Sept. 118; ludi Parthici set up by Senate L. Cosius’ Series Celebrating Trajan’s Victories Partu(s)Decibalu(s)Germani Arsacidae 4New Gaulish Inscriptions

5 Lucius Cosius (L-143a) Decibale · n[….] ateuane Decibale: vocative of Decibalus, last king of the Dacians († 106 A.D.) ateuane: 2sg imperative of *ate-u̯an-e/o- (ate- = ‘re-’, u̯an- = ‘to strike, wound’; cp. OIr. ad·goin ‘to wound again‘‚ MW adwanaf ‘to strike again’; Gaul. PN Atuanos) n[…]: ne | ateuane ‘do not strike again!’, or nu·te | ateuane ‘now, slay yourself!’ ? (cp. nu gnate de dama gussou ‘now, son, don’t yield to violence’ (L-66, Plate of Lezoux) XXXX 5New Gaulish Inscriptions Found in La Graufesenque 1980

6 Lucius Cosius (L-143a) DECIBALE · N[….] ATEVANE ‘Decibalus, do not strike again!’ or ‘Decibalus, now, slay yourself!’ 6New Gaulish Inscriptions

7 nuto· […] dusạ[.]ḅị Decibale dumeṇus [.]ṭ ? ụ·bṛ[..] […]nu […]coui […]u 7New Gaulish Inscriptions Lucius Cosius (L-143b+c) Vase of Blain (FR), found 1868 Found in Clermont-Ferrand cp.:.[ m[ u·b.[ raian[ tutuei.[ trasato[ Found in Kaiseraugst (SUI),

8 8New Gaulish Inscriptions Lucius Cosius Found in Vertault (FR) ]TV[.][ ]TRA[ ]OST[ ]A ? NC[ ][.]I[

9 9New Gaulish Inscriptions Lucius Cosius Found in La Graufesenque 1979 L Cosi Decibalu (2×) Partu

10 To appear in: David Stifter, ‘New early second-century Gaulish texts from La Graufesenque (L ‑ 143A ‑ C)‘, Keltische Forschungen 5 ( [2012]) Lucius Cosius (L-143) 10New Gaulish Inscriptions

11 II. The Lead-plate from Rezé (L-142) New Gaulish Inscriptions11

12 Rezé (L-142) Lead plate from Rezé (mouth of River Loire, 2 nd c. A.D.), receipt of debt repayments, business notes? 12 A1: alissuiu[.]allosat SS -XX[..]S[..] trilu -XXXVSS HS paetrute. -XXVIII S= pixteXVI S== suexxeXS= suanmanu-XVIIII suma-XDXXX HSO S= third(ly?) fourth(ly?) fifth(ly?) sixth(ly?) repeated in B1 with some errors

13 Rezé (L-142) 13 A3: serinoti sequndo dinariIu XXXV B4: setigi prino ascani usare boletu XV this sells Secundus for-denars 35 this... buys/bought (?) Ascanius are for-boleti (?) 15

14 To appear in: Pierre-Yves Lambert & David Stifter, ‘Le texte gaulois de Rezé’, Études Celtiques 38 (2012), forthc. Rezé (L-142) 14New Gaulish Inscriptions

15 III. The Chartres Defixio New Gaulish Inscriptions15

16 New Gaulish Inscriptions16 Chartres

17 New Gaulish Inscriptions17 A: Vatumaros · Senouiri · Cantognatos Virato · Conbarilos Aberxtobogii Raros · Esuatexti · Toutisa Alignati · seto (?) · cantipisontas sondios · adgario · duti · so · adogarie olusami loguardicni * tascouipus adgariontas eti · so · adgarie... Minio · Mario * locnardicni (?) Chartres

18 New Gaulish Inscriptions18 B: Tasguni · Abrestubogiu · Paulo Tasgunias · Cornuto · Cornilio · Lami · Eponicnos · eto · cantipisontas · eti · Cornuti · Toutisa · Vi(m)pili · Felice · uo · contest[ duti · so · cantigarie · sondiobi · Chartres

19 New Gaulish Inscriptions19 Names (format IN + Patr, Gent. + Cogn.): Vatumaros Senouiri Cantognatos Virato Conbarilos Aberxtobogii Raros Esuatexti Toutisa Alignati Minio · Mario Paulo Tasgunias Toutisa Vi(m)pili Chartres inverted order?: Tasguni Abrestubogiu Cornuto Cornilio Lami Eponicnos unclear: olusami Loguardicni Tascouipus ? Cornuti Felice (uo · contest[)

20 New Gaulish Inscriptions20 Recurrences: (s. ? )eto cantipisontas A5 = eto cantipisontas B5 duti so adogarie A7 = duti so cantigarie B9 eti so adgarie A9, eti Cornuti B6 adgario[s] A6, adogarie A7, adgariont(-)as A9, adgarie A9 cantigarie B9 cantipisont(-)as A5, B5 sondios A4, sondiobi B10 Chartres

21 To appear in: Études Celtiques Chartres 21New Gaulish Inscriptions

22 My acknowledgements go to Fritz Mitthof Pierre-Yves Lambert New Gaulish Inscriptions22

23 Thank you very much for your attention Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic National University of Ireland Maynooth New Gaulish Inscriptions23


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