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New Gaulish Inscriptions

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Presentation on theme: "New Gaulish Inscriptions"— Presentation transcript:

1 New Gaulish Inscriptions
University of Copenhagen New Gaulish Inscriptions Celtic Spring · 23 May 2012 Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic Studies NUI Maynooth New Gaulish Inscriptions

2 I. The Pottery of Lucius Cosius (L-143a-c)
New Gaulish Inscriptions

3 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius Source: Allard Mees, Modelsignierte Dekorationen auf südgallischer Terra Sigillata [= Forschungen und Berichte zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte in Baden-Württemberg 54], Stuttgart: Theiss 1995 New Gaulish Inscriptions

4 L. Cosius’ Series Celebrating Trajan’s Victories
worked in La Graufesenque highly individual style exported products to entire empire finds from all over Europe active around A.D. triumph held by Hadrian for Trajan in Sept. 118; ludi Parthici set up by Senate Partu(s) Germani Arsacidae Decibalu(s) New Gaulish Inscriptions

5 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius (L-143a) Decibale · n[….] ateuane XXXX Found in La Graufesenque 1980 Decibale: vocative of Decibalus, last king of the Dacians († 106 A.D.) ateuane: 2sg imperative of *ate-u̯an-e/o- (ate- = ‘re-’, u̯an- = ‘to strike, wound’; cp. OIr. ad·goin ‘to wound again‘‚ MW adwanaf ‘to strike again’; Gaul. PN Atuanos) n[…]: ne | ateuane ‘do not strike again!’, or nu·te | ateuane ‘now, slay yourself!’ ? (cp. nu gnate de dama gussou ‘now, son, don’t yield to violence’ (L-66, Plate of Lezoux) New Gaulish Inscriptions

6 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius (L-143a) ‘Decibalus, do not strike again!’ or ‘Decibalus, now, slay yourself!’ DECIBALE · N[….] ATEVANE New Gaulish Inscriptions

7 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius (L-143b+c) Vase of Blain (FR), found 1868 nuto· […] dusạ[.]ḅị Decibale dumeṇus [.]ṭ?ụ·bṛ[..] […]nu […]coui […]u cp.: .[ m[ u·b.[ raian[ tutuei.[ trasato[ Found in Kaiseraugst (SUI), Found in Clermont-Ferrand New Gaulish Inscriptions

8 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius ]TV[.][ ]TRA[ ]OST[ ]A?NC[ ][.]I[ Found in Vertault (FR) New Gaulish Inscriptions

9 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius L Cosi Decibalu (2×) Partu Found in La Graufesenque 1979 New Gaulish Inscriptions

10 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Lucius Cosius (L-143) To appear in: David Stifter, ‘New early second-century Gaulish texts from La Graufesenque (L‑143a‑c)‘, Keltische Forschungen 5 ( [2012]) New Gaulish Inscriptions

11 II. The Lead-plate from Rezé (L-142)
New Gaulish Inscriptions

12 Rezé (L-142) A1: alissuiu[.]allosat SS -XX[..]S[..] trilu -XXXVSS HS
paetrute . -XXVIII S= pixte XVI S== suexxe XS= suanmanu -XVIIII-. suma -XDXXX HSO S= third(ly?) fourth(ly?) fifth(ly?) sixth(ly?) repeated in B1 with some errors Lead plate from Rezé (mouth of River Loire, 2nd c. A.D.), receipt of debt repayments, business notes?

13 Rezé (L-142) A3: serinoti sequndo dinariIu this sells XXXV Secundus
B4: setigi prino ascani usare boletu XV this sells Secundus for-denars 35 this ... buys/bought (?) Ascanius are for-boleti (?) 15

14 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Rezé (L-142) To appear in: Pierre-Yves Lambert & David Stifter, ‘Le texte gaulois de Rezé’, Études Celtiques 38 (2012), forthc. New Gaulish Inscriptions

15 III. The Chartres Defixio
New Gaulish Inscriptions

16 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Chartres New Gaulish Inscriptions

17 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Chartres A: Vatumaros · Senouiri · Cantognatos Virato · Conbarilos Aberxtobogii Raros · Esuatexti · Toutisa Alignati · seto(?) · cantipisontas sondios · adgario · duti · so · adogarie olusami loguardicni* tascouipus adgariontas eti · so · adgarie... Minio · Mario * locnardicni (?) New Gaulish Inscriptions

18 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Chartres B: Tasguni · Abrestubogiu · Paulo Tasgunias · Cornuto · Cornilio · Lami · Eponicnos · eto · cantipisontas · eti · Cornuti · Toutisa · Vi(m)pili · Felice · uo · contest[ duti · so · cantigarie · sondiobi · New Gaulish Inscriptions

19 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Chartres Names (format IN + Patr, Gent. + Cogn.): Vatumaros Senouiri Cantognatos Virato Conbarilos Aberxtobogii Raros Esuatexti Toutisa Alignati Minio · Mario Paulo Tasgunias Toutisa Vi(m)pili inverted order?: Tasguni Abrestubogiu Cornuto Cornilio Lami Eponicnos unclear: olusami Loguardicni Tascouipus ? Cornuti Felice (uo · contest[) New Gaulish Inscriptions

20 New Gaulish Inscriptions
Chartres Recurrences: (s.?)eto cantipisontas A5 = eto cantipisontas B5 duti so adogarie A7 = duti so cantigarie B9 eti so adgarie A9, eti Cornuti B6 adgario[s] A6, adogarie A7, adgariont(-)as A9, adgarie A9 cantigarie B9 cantipisont(-)as A5, B5 sondios A4, sondiobi B10 New Gaulish Inscriptions

21 To appear in: Études Celtiques
Chartres To appear in: Études Celtiques New Gaulish Inscriptions

22 My acknowledgements go to
Fritz Mitthof Pierre-Yves Lambert New Gaulish Inscriptions

23 Thank you very much for your attention
Prof. Dr. David Stifter Dept. of Old and Middle Irish School of Celtic National University of Ireland Maynooth New Gaulish Inscriptions


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