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SpreadsheetML Basics.

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Presentation on theme: "SpreadsheetML Basics."— Presentation transcript:

1 SpreadsheetML Basics

2 Disclaimer The information contained in this slide deck represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented after the date of publication. This slide deck is for informational purposes only. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS DOCUMENT. Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. Without limiting the rights under copyright, no part of this slide deck may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), or for any purpose, without the express written permission of Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this slide deck. Except as expressly provided in any written license agreement from Microsoft, the furnishing of this slide deck does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property. Unless otherwise noted, the example companies, organizations, products, domain names, addresses, logos, people, places and events depicted herein are fictitious, and no association with any real company, organization, product, domain name, address, logo, person, place or event is intended or should be inferred. © 2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, 2007 Microsoft Office System, .NET Framework 3.0, Visual Studio, and Windows Vista are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. The names of actual companies and products mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

3 Objectives This module covers the core concepts used in SpreadsheetML documents: Workbook Architecture Rows, columns, values Formulas SpreadsheetML design goals Strings: inline strings, shared strings, rich text Tables

4 SpreadsheetML Workbook properties styles sharedStrings calcChain
sheet1..N sheet1..N sheet1..N sheet1..N Explain the contents of these parts. table chart sheet1..N sheet1..N sheet1..N drawing

5 The minimal XLSX Required: workbook.xml, the document “start part”
Required: at least one sheet, worksheet.xml Required: one relationship part (.rels) Must be in a _rels folder Required: [Content_Types].xml Required part for all Open XML documents Three content types must be defined: SpreadsheetML main document (for the start part) Worksheet Package relationships (for the required relationships) Everything else is optional Worksheet <sheetdata> is required, but may be empty

6 Minimal Workbook/Worksheet
workbook.xml: <workbook> <sheets> <sheet name="Sheet1" sheetId="1" r:id="rId1"/> </sheets> </workbook> sheet1.xml: <worksheet> <sheetData/> </worksheet> relationship

7 Cell Table: <sheetData> element
Row Cell Shared formulas Strings Values Reference attribute Style index Cell data type DEMO

8 Worksheet Part – Main Sections
Sheet properties (everything before sheetData) Viewing: selected tab, active cell, etc. Print options: orientation, resolution, page margins, etc. Miscellaneous: default row height, sheet protection, etc. The cell table (sheetData, empty if not a worksheet) Row, cells, values, strings (shared-strings indexes), formulas

9 Sample Sheet =‘C:\[ExternalBook.xlsx]Sheet1’!$A$1
Notice that cells A2 and A3 contain text. Cell B1 contains a formula linking to another workbook, whose value is '1'. Cell B2 contains a formula as well, which also appears in the formula bar (top of picture) because it is the active cell. Cells D5:H5 contain bold-faced text which serves as headers for the table of data residing in D6:H11. The table of data has a filter feature applied to it (evidenced by drop down arrows in the header row), and columns G and H have different types of conditional formatting applied. Finally, cells D13:H14 are part of a merged cell feature, where a series of cells behave together as a single, larger cell.

10 mergeCells Store cell data (value, formatting, formula, etc) in top left cell

11 Formulas: example <row> <c> <v>1</v>
<f>SUM(A1:A3)</f> DEMO

12 SpreadsheetML Design Goal: Performance
SpreadsheetML has been optimized in many ways, based on analysis of real-world spreadsheet usage patterns: Small tag size (often a single character) Shared strings Shared formulas Sparse table markup allowed Optional r=“A1” attribute for faster loading DEMO DEMO

13 Strings

14 Strings in SpreadsheetML
Two ways a string can be stored: Inline strings Provided for ease of translation/conversion Useful in XSLT scenarios Excel and other consumers may convert to shared strings An entry in the shared-strings table May be either a simple string or formatted text These approaches may be mixed/combined

15 Inline Strings Inline string support provides a very simple mechanism for programmatically populating a worksheet Especially useful in XSLT scenarios Excel 2007 converts to shared strings on save If you’re consuming Open XML documents, you must handle both cases: inline strings and/or shared strings To convert our shared-strings example to inline strings, just replace sheetdata: Also deleted the sharedStrings.xml part and the relationship to it. <sheetData> <row><c t="inlineStr"><is><t>Paris</t></is></c></row> <row><c t="inlineStr"><is><t>Seattle</t></is></c></row> <row><c t="inlineStr"><is><t>London</t></is></c></row> <row><c t="inlineStr"><is><t>Copenhagen</t></is></c></row> </sheetData>

16 Shared Strings By default, strings are stored in a shared-strings part: Each unique string is stored once Cells store the index (0-based) of the string This design is based on analysis of typical spreadsheet contents: highly repetitive strings are very common Benefits: Users: reduced file size, improved performance Developers: all strings are in one part, simplifying search, localization, and other common string-handling objectives

17 Shared Strings: example
Worksheet contents: sharedStrings.xml contents: 6 string references, 4 unique strings <sst xmlns="..." count="6" uniqueCount="4"> <si> <t>Paris</t> </si> <t>Seattle</t> <t>London</t> <t>Copenhagen</t> </sst> Paris = string 0 Count and uniquecount are optional. <row r="1" spans="1:1"> <c r="A1" t="s"> <v>0</v> </c> </row>

18 Rich Text Strings Stored in sharedStrings.xml
<sst xmlns=“…" count="1" uniqueCount="1"> <si> <r> <t xml:space="preserve">This cell contains </t> </r> <rPr> <b/> <sz val="11"/> <color theme="1"/> <rFont val="Calibri"/> <family val="2"/> <scheme val="minor"/> </rPr> <t>bold</t> <t xml:space="preserve"> and </t> <i/> <sz val="11"/><color theme="1"/> <t>italics</t> <t xml:space="preserve"> text.</t> </si> </sst> Stored in sharedStrings.xml One entry for the entire cell Note run properties <rPr> Cell refers to string 0: Excel adds rich-text properties to all runs after the first one, including runs that are reverting back to the default (such as the words “and” and “text” in this example), but you don’t have to do that in your code. Note that the same markup you generate for a runs in paragraphs of a WordprocessingML document can be used for runs in cells of a SpreadsheetML document. <row r="1" spans="1:1"> <c r="A1" t="s"> <v>0</v> </c> </row>

19 Tables

20 SpreadsheetML Tables SpreadsheetML tables provide structure and formatting for worksheet information Separation of presentation and data: Data stays in the worksheet Table definition in separate part (implicit relationship) Open XML has different types of tables for each document type, optimized for different scenarios: WordprocessingML has its tbl element SpreadsheetML has its table element PresentationML uses DrawingML tables (tbl inside graphicData)

21 SpreadsheetML Table: simple example
Worksheet (sheet1.xml) <sheetData> <row r="1" spans="1:2"> <c r="A1" t="s"><v>0</v></c> <c r="B1" t="s"><v>1</v></c> </row> <row r="2" spans="1:2"> <c r="A2"><v>1</v></c> <c r="B2"><v>4</v></c> <row r="3" spans="1:2"> <c r="A3"><v>2</v></c> <c r="B3"><v>5</v></c> <row r="4" spans="1:2"> <c r="A4"><v>3</v></c> <c r="B4"><v>6</v></c> </sheetData> ... <tableParts count="1"> <tablePart r:id="rId2"/> </tableParts> Headings = shared strings Data remains in sheetData Table definition (table1.xml) <table … ref="A1:B4” …> <autoFilter ref="A1:B4”/> <tableColumns count="2"> <tableColumn id="1" name="Column1" /> <tableColumn id="2" name="Column2" /> </tableColumns> <tableStyleInfo …/> </table> Revise demo to use inline strings. DEMO

22 Typical Tables Table #1 Table #2 Table #3 Header Row No Header Row
(merged cells) Totals Row No Totals Row Table #3 Header Row No Totals Row

23 Table #1

24 Table #2

25 Table #3

26 autoFilter definition
Specify range of cells, and filtering options are dynamically generated from the data Also can define custom filters based on operators (lessThan, lessThanOrEqual, equal, greaterThan, greaterThanOrEqual) <worksheet> <sheetData/> <autoFilter ref=“A1:D10”/> </worksheet> Autofilters: use tables, which have them built in, unless you need Excel 2003 compatibility, then use autofilters on a spreadsheet. <autoFilter ref=“A1:D10”> <filterColumn colId=“0”> <customFilters and=“1”> <customFilter operator=“greaterThan” val=“0”/> <customFilter operator=“lessThan” val=“0.5”/> </customFilters> </filterColumn> </autoFilter> DEMO


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