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© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B2.1a. – Procedure codes in the general anatomic regions or body systems should be used only when the procedure is performed on an anatomic region, rather than a specific body part. Coding guideline B2.1b. – Body systems designated as upper and lower contain body parts located above or below the diaphragm. 28-1
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B3.10a. – The body part coded for a spinal vertebral joint(s) rendered immobile by a spinal fusion procedure is classified by the level of the spine. Coding guideline B3.10b. – If the procedure was performed on multiple vertebral joints, a separate procedure is coded for each vertebral joint that uses a different device and/or qualifier. 28-2
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B3.10c. – Fusion of a vertebral joint using a bone dowel interbody fusion device made of cadaver bone and packed with a mixture of local morsellized bone and demineralized bone matrix is coded to the device Interbody Fusion Device, fusion of a vertebral joint using rigid plates affixed with screws and reinforced with bone cement is coded to the device Internal Fixation Device, and fusion of a vertebral joint using both autologous bone graft and bone bank bone graft is coded to the device Autologous Tissue Substitute. 28-3
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B3.11a. Inspection Procedures – The inspection of body parts performed in order to achieve the objective of a procedure is not coded separately. Coding guideline B3.11b. – If multiple nontubular body parts in a region are inspected, the body part that specifies the entire area inspected is coded. 28-4
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B3.11c. – When both an inspection procedure and another procedure are performed on the same body part during the same episode and the inspection procedure is performed using a different approach than the other procedure, the inspection procedure is coded separately. Coding guideline B3.12 – If the objective of an embolization procedure is to completely close a vessel, the root operation Occlusion is coded. 28-5
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section Coding guideline B3.13 – For release procedures, the body part value coded is the body part being freed, not the tissue being manipulated or cut to free the body part. Coding guideline B3.14 – If the sole objective of the procedure is to free a body part without cutting it, the root operation is Release. Coding guideline B3.15 – The reduction of a displaced fracture is coded to the root operation Reposition and the application of a cast or splint in conjunction with the Reposition procedure is not coded separately. 28-6
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B3.16 – Putting in a mature and functioning living body part taken from another individual or an animal is coded to the root operation Transplantation. Coding guideline B3.1b. – The components of a procedure specified in the root operation definition and explanation are not coded separately. 28-7 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B3.2 – multiple procedures are coded during the same operative episode if any of the following situations occur: –The same root operation is performed on different body parts as defined by distinct values of the body part character –The same root operation is repeated at different body sites that are included in the same body part value –Multiple root operations with distinct objectives are performed on the same body part –The intended root operation is attempted using one approach but is converted to a different approach 28-8 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B3.3 – If the intended procedure is discontinued, the procedure is coded to the root operation performed. Coding guideline B4.1a. – If a procedure is performed on a portion of a body part that does not have a separate body part value, the body part value corresponding to the whole body part should be coded. 28-9 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B4.1b. – If the prefix “peri” is combined with a body part to identify the site of the procedure, the procedure is coded to the body part named. If a specific branch of a body part does not have its own body part value in PCS, the body part is coded to the closest proximal branch that has a specific body part value, according to coding guideline B4.2 for branches of body parts. 28-10 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding Guideline B4.3 – Body part values are available for a limited number of body parts. If the identical procedure is performed on contra- lateral body parts, and a bilateral body part value exists for that body part, a single procedure is coded using the bilateral body part value. 28-11 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B4.4 – The coronary arteries are classified as a single body part that is further specified by the number of sites treated, not by the names or number of arteries. Coding guideline B4.5 – A procedure performed on tendons, ligaments, bursae, and fascia supporting a joint are coded to the body part in the respective body system that is the focus of the procedure. 28-12 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B4.6 – If a procedure is performed on the skin, subcutaneous tissue, or fascia overlying a joint, the procedure is coded to the following body parts: Shoulder is coded to the upper arm Elbow is coded to the lower arm Wrist is coded to the lower arm Hip is coded to the upper leg Knee is coded to the lower leg Ankle is coded to the foot 28-13 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B4.7 – If a body system does not contain a separate body part value for toes, procedures performed on the toes are coded to the body part value for the foot. Coding guideline B5.4 – Procedures performed percutaneously via a device placed for the procedure are coded to the approach Percutaneous. 28-14 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B5.2 – Procedures performed using the open approach with percutaneous endoscopic assistance are coded to the approach Open. Coding guideline B5.3a. – Procedures performed within an orifice on structures that are visible without the aid of any instrumentation are coded to the approach External. 28-15 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B5.3b. – Procedures performed indirectly by the application of external force through the intervening body layers, such as closed reduction fractures, are coded to the approach External. Coding guideline B6.1a. – A device is coded only if a device remains after the procedure is completed. 28-16 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B6.1b. – Materials such as sutures, ligatures, radiological markers, and temporary postoperative wound drains are considered integral to the performance of a procedure and are not coded as devices. Coding guideline B6.1c. – Procedures performed on a device only and not on a body part are specified in the root operations Change, Irrigation, Removal, and Revision and are coded to the procedure performed. 3-17 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section 28-17
© 2013 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Coding guideline B6.2 – A separate procedure to put in a drainage device is coded to the root operation Drainage with the device value Drainage Device. 3-18 28.1 Medical and Surgical Section 28-18
Copyright © 2016 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.
Presented by: THIMA ICD 10 Committee
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