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About PKI Certificates Dartmouth College PKI Lab.

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Presentation on theme: "About PKI Certificates Dartmouth College PKI Lab."— Presentation transcript:

1 About PKI Certificates Dartmouth College PKI Lab

2 X.509 Certificate Defined A type that binds an entity's distinguished name to a public key with a digital signature. This type is defined in the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure (PKIX) Certificate and CRL Profile. This type also contains the distinguished name of the certificate issuer (the signer), an issuer-specific serial number, the issuer's signature algorithm identifier, a validity period, and extensions also defined in that document.

3 X.509 Certificate Defined 2 Data associated with a private key and containing a public key that provides information about: Identities of the issuer and subject Certificate validity dates and CRL location Certificate intended uses Serial number Other certificate information

4 X.509 Certificate Format version serialNumber signature issuer validity subject subjectPublicKeyInfo issuerUniqueIdentifier subjectUniqueIdentifier Extensions Certificate information is contained in ASN.1 structures.

5 Certificate Encodings DER is a binary encoding of the X.509 ASN.1 structures. PEM is the base 64 encoded version of DER. (For situations where binary format won’t work.) Text is a human-readable version of the ASN.1 structures.

6 PEM Example -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- MIIEbDCCA1SgAwIBAgICBAEwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAwdzETMBEGCgmSJomT8ixk ARkWA2VkdTEZMBcGCgmSJomT8ixkARkWCWRhcnRtb3V0aDELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMx GjAYBgNVBAoTEURhcnRtb3V0aCBDb2xsZWdlMRwwGgYDVQQDExNEYXJ0bW91dGgg Q2VydEF1dGgxMB4XDTAzMTAyNDE1MDg1OFoXDTAzMTAyNDE5MDg1OFowgaIxEzAR BgoJkiaJk/IsZAEZFgNlZHUxGTAXBgoJkiaJk/IsZAEZFglkYXJ0bW91dGgxCzAJ BgNVBAYTAlVTMRowGAYDVQQKExFEYXJ0bW91dGggQ29sbGVnZTEZMBcGA1UEAxMQ TWFyayBKLiBGcmFua2xpbjEsMCoGCSqGSIb3DQEJARYdTWFyay5KLkZyYW5rbGlu QERhcnRtb3V0aC5lZHUwgZ8wDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADgY0AMIGJAoGBAK2Xsb+0 +ENqEwgu15Sthv47iKJ89O1ci0TLdbVYoFV92wDykX68+m2Z0NSBiM+mQqjDk8c6 USnAvwDZUtMVK5CU9kf9/hiCXmVxbFLgsqbpVEPzc83SGQ3fS70PuFeu00MdTRI6 +thtwTF/n7ZfGFc2XGTKXMnwqCh8cbOP7H5NAgMBAAGjggFYMIIBVDARBglghkgB hvhCAQEEBAMCBaAwDgYDVR0PAQH/BAQDAgXgMIGiBgNVHSAEgZowgZcwgZQGCisG AQQBQQIBAQEwgYUwPQYIKwYBBQUHAgIwMTAYFhFEYXJ0bW91dGggQ29sbGVnZTAD AgEBGhVEYXJ0bW91dGggQ29sbGVnZSBDUFMwRAYIKwYBBQUHAgEWOGh0dHA6Ly93 d3cuZGFydG1vdXRoLmVkdS9+cGtpbGFiL0RhcnRtb3V0aENQU180U2VwMDMucGRm MCgGA1UdEQQhMB+BHU1hcmsuSi5GcmFua2xpbkBEYXJ0bW91dGguZWR1MB8GA1Ud IwQYMBaAFD/A1senTwB+7waZZ2y8lh5No3cSMD8GCCsGAQUFBwEBBDMwMTAvBggr BgEFBQcwAYYjaHR0cDovL2NvbGxlZ2VjYS5kYXJ0bW91dGguZWR1L29jc3AwDQYJ KoZIhvcNAQEFBQADggEBAB5+LvOPrCt6s6Hvba5a7WENTLxhh7r2KUZIDH7Y1PJ8 cUN5EfKAUoT00walcTIqCfexLpWJMk38oF4gTMwk3sabNEjfQwmdmsJSh2R6eBDL d658t94DpGxXw2U3rzDzFDc4lozK9cBn9GRt4w3py31Bz2DDzc4mjscEid44AV3V hLhI0ZqlWrqWWutW1Dugqol8A6APVGMjhZsYS5fFUe88LdvZgnb9UpDcOAPUoeN5 Rvl/aibNweyCBFU/MqII0Yxf1wrc+wg0R2gy+WaVqyK05ddwxwVJ94aZmAHGL6zO 7FjPU9XwLGBQfHbnbtfRZUech+ZQhjLlpXyYxRQ1KgM= -----END CERTIFICATE-----

7 Text Example Certificate: Data: Version: v3 Serial Number: 0x401 Signature Algorithm: SHA1withRSA Issuer: CN=Dartmouth CertAuth1,O=Dartmouth College,C=US,DC=dartmouth,DC=edu Validity: Not Before: Friday, October 24, :08:58 AM EDT America/New_York Not After: Friday, October 24, :08:58 PM EDT America/New_York Subject: J. Franklin,O=Dartmouth College,C=US,DC=dartmouth,DC=edu Subject Public Key Info: Algorithm: RSA Public Key: Exponent: Public Key Modulus: (1024 bits) : AD:97:B1:BF:B4:F8:43:6A:13:08:2E:D7:94:AD:86:FE: 3B:88:A2:7C:F4:ED:5C:8B:44:CB:75:B5:58:A0:55:7D: DB:00:F2:91:7E:BC:FA:6D:99:D0:D4:81:88:CF:A6:42: A8:C3:93:C7:3A:51:29:C0:BF:00:D9:52:D3:15:2B:90: 94:F6:47:FD:FE:18:82:5E:65:71:6C:52:E0:B2:A6:E9: 54:43:F3:73:CD:D2:19:0D:DF:4B:BD:0F:B8:57:AE:D3: 43:1D:4D:12:3A:FA:D8:6D:C1:31:7F:9F:B6:5F:18:57: 36:5C:64:CA:5C:C9:F0:A8:28:7C:71:B3:8F:EC:7E:4D Extensions: Identifier: Netscape Certificate Type Critical: no Certificate Usage: SSL Client Secure Identifier: Key Usage: Critical: yes Key Usage: Digital Signature Non Repudiation Key Encipherment Identifier: CertificatePolicies

8 Certificate Viewer Example

9 Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Defined A type that contains information about certificates whose validity an issuer has prematurely revoked. The information consists of an issuer name, the time of issue, the next scheduled time of issue, a list of certificate serial numbers and their associated revocation times, and extensions. The CRL is signed by the issuer.

10 Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Defined 2 A secured list of no longer trusted certificates provided by a Certificate Authority so applications can reject otherwise valid certificates that are compromised or otherwise invalid before their validity period expires. Issued periodically or as needed. Checked by applications at certificate verification time. OCSP protocol provides an alternative which can be an online service.

11 CRL Format version signature issuer thisUpdate nextUpdate revokedCertificates crlEntryExtensions crlExtensions

12 CRL Example

13 CRL Example 2

14 Certificate Viewers Windows (invoked from IE, desktop, other applications) Mozilla/Thunderbird (invoked from Preferences in Mozilla or Account Options in Thunderbird) Other applications Demos of Certificate Viewers (add hyperlinks as available) Windows Mozilla


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