Presentation on theme: "The practical and skills element of Unit B4 Reasons for the location of factories or services (fieldwork opportunity). Research into energy sources of."— Presentation transcript:
The practical and skills element of Unit B4 Reasons for the location of factories or services (fieldwork opportunity). Research into energy sources of home country. Investigating peoples’ views on the use of renewable and non-renewable energy (fieldwork opportunity).
2 Industry location: Introduction Examples chosen maybe secondary or tertiary industry – e.g.s? Interviewing those making location decisions should reveal the factors they considered and perhaps how important each of the factors was. relevant Question 1, therefore, would be a list of all possible relevant reasons that could influence their decision. Close to markets Suitable transport facilities access to other factories/services assistance or encouragement by local groups suitable buildings and site reasonable local operating costs proximity to raw materials personal reasons Which of those would NOT be relevant for example if your were finding out about a tertiary industry?
3 Industry location: Introduction relevant Question 1, therefore, would be a list of all possible relevant reasons that could influence their decision. Close to markets Suitable transport facilities access to other factories/services assistance or encouragement by local groups suitable buildings and site reasonable local operating costs proximity to raw materials personal reasons Now to get a really clear and countable result, they need multiple choice answers only, otherwise analysis becomes impossible. Which would be the better? Why?
4 Question 2 This, however, does explain why these reasons obtain the score they do. So we need another question to establish why they are important/unimportant. Can you think of a closed question that might cover this – or will an open question and therefore not chartable have to do?
5 What else? Besides asking questions, mapping is important too, to backup the questionnaire, but also to establish new information. What might you put on a map? Why would that be significant? Here is my practice for an imaginary business that I did for some of you guys in Year 9 – but it gives you the ideas
6 The task was to decide on a reasonable new business for your area and then decide where would be the best place to put it I decided we needed to have a wood pellet firm as we live in the middle of Wales with lots of trees and no gas supply. The annotated maps on the next page give you an ideas
7 Site Saw mills has waste 2 main roads N-S, E-W Site off flood plain Wide main N-S road R. Wye floodplain Through route with no town These are annotated maps – they explain the significance of various features If asked how to display information on research one of these is essential
8 Using graphs reliable In theory, good geography requires some graphical representation – and for that you need sufficient data to make any results reliable- what do you think that means? So, the theory would be that you would be better to survey several secondary or tertiary industries in the same vicinity – this could well come in as improvement. But you could also cite it when being asked about graphical representation – remember one simple bar chart is NOT enough – you need more than that – see further on
9 But in order to put things on graphs You need to have the information in number form. How would you do it on this occasion? Remember question 1? Please put an X in the box that most closely represent your opinion of the issues that influenced your decision to put your …. here.
10 Now here is one I did earlier! I imagined taking a survey of several services in one location and then added up all the scores Why do you think I used percentages in the results?
11 Another one in this context It is a way of showing how many people to do a destination from each place. Could work well to show customers or in say a gym membership, how far the they come (the range) or from what area they come (sphere of influence)
12 There will be other ways to graphically display information But I have pencilled in a couple of weeks after we have reviewed each unit to look at the coursework element of this exam.
What next? Research into energy sources of home country. Investigating peoples’ views on the use of renewable and non- renewable energy (fieldwork opportunity).
14 Looking at the first part: Research into energy sources of home country: This means where does the energy come from. How much is needed will depend on what kind of area you come from. Is it HIC/MIC/LIC? Very urban or more rural? Industrialised or not? Densely or sparsely populated? And what is the climate like? This will then lead you on to ….
15 You need to think what you need energy for … and why? Lets think of all the uses: Lighting Heating/cooling Industrial use Transport Taking each of these in turn, consider how important they are and why to your country. Next ….
16 What sort of primary sources are there? Do you have lots of Sun, Wind Waves/tides Big rivers to dam for HEP Geothermal energy Coal Oil Gas Fuel wood Have I missed any? Pick out the most important sources for your country, in order of important and explain why this is so.
17 OK – there are all the possibilities But which ones are actually used – some research figures would be good here Those in the UK can use the PP and/or textbook to cheat with The rest of you will have a bit more work to do! Sorry! Conclusion: Are there any that are used that are a surprise? Any left out that might be good?
18 Just a thought Under: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Wales http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Wales And utilities I found: The average annual production of electricity in Wales is some 3,800 MW. Average annual electricity consumption is just over half of the annual production making Wales a net exporter of electricity. Electricity generation encompasses a broad mix of technologies including Nuclear (e.g. Wylfa), Coal (e.g. Aberthaw), Gas (e.g. Baglan Bay), Wind (Cefn Croes) and hydro-electricity (Dinorwig).Wylfa AberthawBaglan BayCefn CroesDinorwig Which is more than enough!
19 Similarly http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Scotla nd#Energy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Scotla nd#Energy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Cyprus #Statistics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Cyprus #Statistics This gives you all you will even need for Spain http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy_policy/doc/f actsheets/mix/mix_es_en.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy_policy/doc/f actsheets/mix/mix_es_en.pdf Italy ( with links in to wind and nuclear power in particular) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Italy #Energy_and_natural_resources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Italy #Energy_and_natural_resources
20 More … Dubai – interesting article about the future hopes with some good figures http://gulfnews.com/business/general/nuclear-matters- 1.121033 http://gulfnews.com/business/general/nuclear-matters- 1.121033 Nigeria There is a pdf on the wiki for this one China http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_policy_of_China Tunisia http://www.eoearth.org/article/Energy_profile_of_Tuni sia http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/SuccessStories/Sol arenergyinTunisia/tabid/4715/language/en- US/Default.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_policy_of_China http://www.eoearth.org/article/Energy_profile_of_Tuni sia http://www.unep.org/greeneconomy/SuccessStories/Sol arenergyinTunisia/tabid/4715/language/en- US/Default.aspx
21 As for the questionnaire Depends how you want to tackle If you have a mix of sources of energy- renewables/non- renewables – it might interesting to check people know the difference and if they appreciate (a) the non- renewables might run out and (b) the implications of burning fossil fuels [could do that on the 5 point scale: Are you: Very concerned, quite concerned, mildly concerned, etc] As well as which source do they think is the most effective at giving electricity Go for between 5 and 8 questions – and pass it around a few friends and relatives to see how it works You might wish to modify it a bit if some of the wording does not work at first. Or there may be a specific local issue that you might wish to concentrate on instead – a proposed wind farm is a classic – or a new gas terminal or something like that.
Homework By the end of the holiday, you have completed your country survey of energy sources and also made and road tested a questionnaire of 5-8 questions, taking whatever line you feel works best in your place. It would be good if you could tabulate some/all of the results and think of but not necessarily do any graphs/diagrams