Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Oscillatory Circuits BIOEN 423: 2013 1 Copyright © 2013: Sauro.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Oscillatory Circuits BIOEN 423: 2013 1 Copyright © 2013: Sauro."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oscillatory Circuits BIOEN 423: Copyright © 2013: Sauro

2 Oscillatory Networks 2

3 3

4 Modifying a Bistable System p = defn cell $Xo -> So; k0*Xo; So -> S1; k1*So + Vmax*So*S1^n/(15 + S1^n); S1 -> $X1; k2*S1; end; p.Xo = 1; p.X1 = 0; p.S1 = 1; p.n = 4; p.Vmax = 12; p.k0 = 0.044; p.k1 = 0.01; p.k2 = 0.1; 4

5 Relaxation Oscillator 5

6 6

7 7

8 So S1 8

9 Relaxation Oscillator A relaxation oscillator has two parts, a threshold device, for example a bistable system, and a negative feedback loop. 9

10 Relaxation Oscillator SD = Substrate Depletion AI = Activator-Inhibitor SD/T = Substrate Depletion/ Toggle. Classifications according to Tyson Sniffers, buzzers, toggles and blinkers: dynamics of regulatory and signaling pathways in the cell John J Tysony, Katherine C Chenz and Bela Novak Current Opinion in Cel Biology, vol 15, (2003) 10

11 Relaxation Oscillator 11

12 Synthetic Relaxation Oscillator Cell, Vol. 113, 597–607, May 30, 2003, Development of Genetic Circuitry Exhibiting Toggle Switch or Oscillatory Behavior in Escherichia coli, Mariette R. Atkinson Michael A. Savageau Jesse T. Myers and Alexander J. Ninfa 12

13 Negative Feedback 13

14 Negative Feedback V1, V2 V1 V2 = 0.3 V2 = 0.2 V2 = 0.1 S1 14

15 Negative Feedback: Phase Shift Oscillator If the signal takes too long to make the appropriate adjustment, the system can go out of phase and begin to spontaneously oscillate. 15

16 Negative Feedback Phase Shift Oscillator p = defn feedback J0: $X0 -> S1; J0_VM1*(X0- S1/J0_Keq1)/(1+X0+S1+pow(S4,J0_h)); J1: S1 -> S2; (10*S1-2*S2)/(1+S1+S2); J2: S2 -> S3; (10*S2-2*S3)/(1+S2+S3); J3: S3 -> S4; (10*S3-2*S4)/(1+S3+S4); J4: S4 -> $X1; J4_V4*S4/(J4_KS4+S4); end; p.X0 = 10; p.X1 = 0; p.S1 = 0; p.S2 = 0; p.S3 = 0; p.S4 = 0; p.J0_VM1 = 10; p.J0_Keq1 = 10; p.J0_h = 10; p.J4_V4 = 2.5; p.J4_KS4 = 0.5; m = p.sim.eval (0, 10, 100, [, ]); graph (m); Jarnac Model 16

17 Ring Oscillator 17

18 Ring Oscillator – Jarnac Model p = defn cell $x -> P1; A/(1 + P2^n); P1 -> $w; k1*P1; $x -> P2; A/(1 + P3^n); P2 -> $w; k2*P2; $x -> P3; A/(1 + P1^n); P3 -> $w; k3*P3; end; p.A = 1; p.n = 4; p.k1 = 0.2; p.k2 = 0.2; p.k3 = 0.1; m = p.sim.eval (0, 200, 200, [, ]); graph (m); P1 P2 P3 18

19 Ring Oscillator: Repressilator 19 A synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulatorsA synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulators Michael B. Elowitz and Stanislas Leibler Nature 403, (20 January 2000)

20 Ring Oscillator: Repressilator 20 A synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulatorsA synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulators Michael B. Elowitz and Stanislas Leibler Nature 403, (20 January 2000)

21 Synthetic Oscillators: Feedback Oscillator 21 A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Jesse Stricker, Scott Cookson, Matthew R. Bennett, William H. Mather, Lev S. Tsimring & Jeff Hasty. Nature advance online publication 29 October 2008 Ideally Oscillators should be studied in single cells.

22 Synthetic Oscillators: Relaxation Oscillator 22 A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Jesse Stricker, Scott Cookson, Matthew R. Bennett, William H. Mather, Lev S. Tsimring & Jeff Hasty. Nature advance online publication 29 October 2008

23 Synthetic Oscillators: Relaxation Oscillator 23 A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Jesse Stricker, Scott Cookson, Matthew R. Bennett, William H. Mather, Lev S. Tsimring & Jeff Hasty. Nature advance online publication 29 October 2008

24 Synthetic Oscillators: Relaxation Oscillator 24

25 Synthetic Oscillators: Movies 25

26 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 26 Nature 457, (15 January 2009) doi: /nature07616; Received 26 July 2008; Accepted 4 November 2008 A tunable synthetic mammalian oscillator Marcel Tigges, Tatiana T. Marquez-Lago, Jörg Stelling & Martin Fussenegger

27 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 27 Nature 457, (15 January 2009) doi: /nature07616; Received 26 July 2008; Accepted 4 November 2008 A tunable synthetic mammalian oscillator Marcel Tigges, Tatiana T. Marquez-Lago, Jörg Stelling & Martin Fussenegger

28 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 28

29 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 29 Promoters Proteins tetracycline-dependent transactivator pristinamycin-dependent transactivator tTA activated Promoter PIT activated Promoter

30 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 30

31 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 31

32 Synthetic Oscillators: Mammalian 32 Output

33 Natural Oscillators 33 1.Circadian rhythms (eg Drosophila, 24 hour period, feedback oscillator) 2.Ca++ Oscillations 3.Glycolytic Oscillations* (relaxation oscillator) 4.Signaling Pathway Oscillations (P53, ERK, NF-kB) 5.Cell Cycle (relaxation oscillator) 6.Synchronous Rhythmic Flashing Of Fireflies 7.Segmentation during development 8.Many examples of chemical oscillators (mostly relaxation oscillators) 9.…. Buck, John; "Synchronous Rhythmic Flashing of Fireflies. II," Quarterly Review of Biology, 63:265, 1988 * During growth phase on glucose and ethanol, starve yeast of glucose, add cyanide and glucose, the glycolytic pathway will oscillate (NAD/NADH, ATP/ADP)

34 Oscillatory Systems Resilient circadian oscillator revealed in individual cyanobacteria Irina Mihalcescu, Weihong Hsing & Stanislas Leibler, Nature 430, (1 July 2004) Natural Oscillatory Networks Hoffmann, A., Levchenko, A., Scott, M.L. and Baltimore, D. (2002) Science 298, 1241–1245 The IkappaB-NF-kappaB signaling module: temporal control and selective gene activation. Oscillations and variability in the p53 system. Naama Geva-Zatorsky et al, Molecular Systems Biology 2 Article number: doi: /msb Shih YL, Le T, Rothfield L: Division site selection in Escherichia coli involves dynamic redistribution of Min proteins within coiled structures that extend between the two cell poles. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2003, 100: Review: Oscillations in cell biology Karsten Kruse and Frank Julicher, Current Opinion in Cell Biology 2005, 17:20–26 34 Transduction of Intracellular and Intercellular Dynamics in Yeast Glycolytic Oscillations, Wolf et al, Biophys J, 78, (2000)

35 Oscillatory Systems Atkinson, M. R., Savageau, M. A., Myers, J. T. & Ninfa, A. J. Development of genetic circuitry exhibiting toggle switch or oscillatory behavior in Escherichia coli. Cell 113, 597–607 (2003). Elowitz, M. B. & Leibler, S. A synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulators. Nature 403, 335–338 (2000). A synthetic gene–metabolic oscillator Eileen Fun et al, Nature, 435, (2005) Synthetic Oscillatory Networks Review: Oscillations in cell biology Karsten Kruse and Frank Julicher, Current Opinion in Cell Biology 2005, 17:20–26 35 An excitable gene regulatory circuit induces transient cellular differentiation, Nature 440, (23 March 2006), Gürol M. Süel et al Nature 457, (15 January 2009) doi: /nature07616; Received 26 July 2008; Accepted 4 November 2008 A tunable synthetic mammalian oscillator Marcel Tigges, Tatiana T. Marquez-Lago, Jörg Stelling & Martin Fussenegger A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator. Jesse Stricker, Scott Cookson, Matthew R. Bennett, William H. Mather, Lev S. Tsimring & Jeff Hasty. Nature 456, (27 November 2008) A synchronized quorum of genetic clocks. Tal Danino, Octavio Mondragón-Palomino, Lev Tsimring and Jeff Hasty Nature 463, (21 January 2010)

36 Evolving Oscillators in silico 1. Genetic Diversity: Create Initial Population 2. Evaluate Fitness 3. Selection: Kill Unfit Networks 4. Reproduction: Clone & Mutate Survivors Network Cloned Network Unfit Network Next Generation

37 Evolution of an Oscillator

38 Selection of Evolved Networks Mathematical Functions QuadraticSquare RootCubic

39 Selection of Evolved Networks Bistable Networks

40 Selection of Evolved Networks Oscillators

41 Selection of Evolved Networks Oscillators

42 Selection of Evolved Networks Oscillators

43 Negative Feedback 43 Reduction in noise due to negative feedback. Review: Computational studies of gene regulatory networks: in numero molecular biology Jeff Hasty, David McMillen, Farren Isaacs & James J. Collins Nature Reviews Genetics 2, (April 2001) Original Paper: Becskei, A. & Serrano, L. Engineering stability in gene networks by autoregulation. Nature 405, 590– 593 (2000).


Download ppt "Oscillatory Circuits BIOEN 423: 2013 1 Copyright © 2013: Sauro."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google