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Connecting police Securing the world.

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Presentation on theme: "Connecting police Securing the world."— Presentation transcript:

1 Connecting police Securing the world

2 Role of INTERPOL in Asset Recovery
The INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI) is being built in Singapore to complement the General Secretariat headquarters in Lyon, France. The purpose of the complex is to enhance our capability to tackle the crime threats of the 21st century and strengthen international policing worldwide, notably by: Innovative research and development to enhance forensics and database capabilities, particularly in the identification of crimes and criminals; Addressing the demand for technology and innovation-based capacity building and training; Enhancing INTERPOL’s capacity to provide 24/7 operational support to police across time zones and distances with greater mobility. Jaganathan Saravanasamy Assistant Director, Anti-Corruption Sub-Directorate ICPO-INTERPOL 200, quai Charles de Gaulle 69006 Lyon, Paris

3 INTERPOL – a global organization
Created in 1923, INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countries General Secretariat in Lyon, France, six Regional Bureaus, one Liaison Office, and Special Representatives of INTERPOL to the United Nations and to the European Union in Brussels. Four official languages: Arabic, English, French and Spanish A National Central Bureau (NCB) in each member country INTERPOL – an international organization INTERPOL is the world’s only global law enforcement organization, essentially linking all of the world’s police agencies. It was created in 1923, when police chiefs from 19 countries met in Vienna to discuss how best to counter the increasing international dimension of criminality. Today, it has 188 member countries. Police all around the world use INTERPOL’s secure global police communications system called I-24/7 to share information, co-ordinate their activities and access INTERPOL databases. In addition, INTERPOL provides police with operational support services. INTERPOL’s mission is to enhance existing police resources around the world by assisting all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime. INTERPOL carries out this mission by developing and providing database tools through which police can communicate and share information, intelligence and analysis; offering training to help police build their crime-fighting capacity; and helping police co-ordinate their activities worldwide. INTERPOL has its General Secretariat in Lyon, France INTERPOL operates seven regional offices – in Argentina, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Kenya, Thailand and Zimbabwe – and two representative offices at the United Nations in New York and at the European Union in Brussels. Each member country maintains a National Central Bureau (NCB) staffed by highly trained law enforcement officers. About 600 staff members from around 80 different countries work at these facilities, including around 160 police officers seconded to INTERPOL by member countries.

4 INTERPOL National Central Bureaus - NCBs
General Secretariat NCBs Specialised Law enforcement agencies INTERPOL National Central Bureaus (NCBs) Each INTERPOL member country maintains a National Central Bureau (NCB) staffed by national law enforcement officers. The NCB is the designated contact point for the General Secretariat, regional offices and other member countries requiring assistance with overseas investigations and the location and apprehension of fugitives. It is also the gateway to police information and co-operation between the national police organization and their foreign counterparts. The role of an NCB is to participate in all of INTERPOL’s activities, providing constant and active co-operation – compatible with the laws of their countries – so that INTERPOL can achieve its aims. The NCB is typically one division of a member country’s national police agency or investigation service, or is under the jurisdiction of the ministry or department in charge of public security or justice. The head of the NCB is usually one of the highest-ranking law enforcement officials in the country. Depending on the country’s size, the NCB may have only two or three officers responsible for all INTERPOL-related activities, or several tens of officers, with specialists in terrorism, fugitives, high-tech crimes, or trafficking in human beings, drugs or stolen property. Larger NCBs may have their own legal counsel or crisis management centres to handle urgent requests from other countries. Officers working in the NCBs carry out their daily work in the pursuit of international police co-operation but remain employed by their national administrations. Airports Ports Borders Police stations

5 INTERPOL’s 4 core functions
1 2 3 4 Secure global police communications services Operational data Services and databases for police Police training and development Operational police support services

6 Seeking additional information Warnings about known criminals
Core function #2: Operational data services and databases for police INTERPOL Notices and Diffusions Wanted persons Seeking additional information Warnings about known criminals Missing persons Unidentified bodies Special INTERPOL-UN Security Council Warnings of threats + Diffusions The INTERPOL Notices System –Please mention that Mr Greenberg will work on cases studies and proposal on day 2 ! At the request of member countries, INTERPOL circulates electronic notices that serve to alert police of fugitives, suspected terrorists, dangerous criminals, missing persons or weapons threats. Just do not develop but you wanted to mention that it at this stage as Mr Greenberg will explain all what it is about tomorrow

7 Corruption was named as INTERPOL’s crime priority area in 2007
Core function #3: Operational police support services INTERPOL’s initiatives in Anti-Corruption & AML Corruption was named as INTERPOL’s crime priority area in 2007 Asset recovery is the natural extension of AC investigation Tools multi-purpose tools Customized tools

8 Difficulties in tackling Corruption
THE OFFENCE It is increasingly transnational Value moves across borders, very fast, in electronic form Even assets created out of corrupt money are stored in electronic form. THE EFFORTS Countries are sovereign and legislative jurisdiction is limited by boundaries. Investigative process is physical, the channel is lengthy, compartmentalized, procedure and requirements different and often frustrating. Locating and linking assets stored electronically is difficult. They often change form making them difficult to trace.

9 United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)
Chapter II Preventive measures Chapter III Criminalization & Law Enforcement Chapter IV International Cooperation Chapter V Asset Recovery

10 Anti-Corruption Office
INTERPOL's Anti-Corruption Office is engaged in a number of initiatives designed to combat corruption and encourage the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). It seeks to train, support and co-ordinate individuals in law enforcement through a variety of programs in order to expose and address the problem of corruption.

11 Approach to Asset Recovery
Operational Coordination: Global Focal Points for Asset Recovery Capcity Building: INTERPOL Global Programme on Anti-Corruption and Asset Recovery Operational Meetings: We coordinate Operational meetings for AR

12 The Focal Point Initiative - concept
Authorized list of names and contact details Repository of skills and tools and a secured database for ongoing cases Use of Interpol’s secure I-24/7 law enforcement communication platform Authorized INTERPOL Red Notices on Corruption and future guidelines on how to issue them

13 The Focal Point Initiative –Features.
Ordinarily available and restricted- A web-based application (through https://) A secured channel for exchange information between Focal Points-(through https://) A restricted access to the notices on corruption- (through https:// e-ASF2/ICIS) A criminal database for ongoing case (through I-24/7)

14 Strategy for CB Franchise model Out-reach in partnership
Complemaentary in nature Regional approach Comprehensive package Workshop model for five working days

15 Role we play…. Facilitating role
Suggest and help select course content Suggest and help select faculty Prescribe and select the participants

16 Role partner plays Provides an institutional set-up
Provides class room infrastructure Supplements faculty Provides and logistics

17 Method…. Case study based
Investigator/Prosecutor who handled the case teaches Hand-on workshop Pros & cons discussed Group discussions Groups come out with best practices

18 Focus… On Investigator & Prosecutor On evidence
On collecting, preserving and presenting admissible evidence Complete the triangle of crime-criminal-asset by evidence Because, efficient investigation is fundamental to successful asset recovery

19 The First programme Hosted by the CBI New Delhi between 13&17Feb 2012
For Asia Pacific region 36 participants from 16 countries

20 A balanced diet UNCAC and OECD Convention-A critical analysis
Preventive vigilance and demonstration of preventive tools Corruption in contracting and procurements Corruption in extracting natural resources Use of INTERPOL tools and guides

21 A balanced diet Role of Intelligence in corruption investigation
Tracking proceeds of corruption in virtual world Preserving, extracting evidence from electronic network Practical and hands-on training in extraction of evidence from electronic medium

22 A balanced diet Corruption and high value financial frauds
Investigating corruption in sports Issues in writing MLA requests Investigation of corruption in sports Group exercise on best practices

23 Operational Meetings Request can be from any member country
A seconded police officer of IPSG acts as a expert coordinator Case officers from relevant countries invited on the platform- Experts invited to advise on complex issues If need be, prosecutors are invited The coordinator from IPSG, draws up the agenda

24 The Dynamics of Ops mtg From within the participants, a Task Force emerges Way forward emerges on consensus An Expert Team assembled to de deployed on specific mission Often, member countries and Intl. Agencies commit resources for the mission Coordinator at IPSG is the contact point & manages IE platform

25 The Dynamics Core case and satellite cases discussed
Outcome of criminal as well as intelligence investigation shared Problem areas & complexities identified Issues concerning MLA/LRs sorted out Structure, modalities and host for a depository for information exchange, worked out Strategies worked out Contact points for future course decided Bilateral / side / informal meetings

26 Thank you! The INTERPOL Anti-corruption Office IPSG/Lyon

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