2 Role of INTERPOL in Asset Recovery The INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI) is being built in Singapore to complement the General Secretariat headquarters in Lyon, France. The purpose of the complex is to enhance our capability to tackle the crime threats of the 21st century and strengthen international policing worldwide, notably by:Innovative research and development to enhance forensics and database capabilities, particularly in the identification of crimes and criminals;Addressing the demand for technology and innovation-based capacity building and training;Enhancing INTERPOL’s capacity to provide 24/7 operational support to police across time zones and distances with greater mobility.Jaganathan SaravanasamyAssistant Director, Anti-Corruption Sub-DirectorateICPO-INTERPOL200, quai Charles de Gaulle69006 Lyon, Paris
3 INTERPOL – a global organization Created in 1923, INTERPOL is the world’s largest international police organization, with 190 member countriesGeneral Secretariat in Lyon, France, six Regional Bureaus, one Liaison Office, and Special Representatives of INTERPOL to the United Nations and to the European Union in Brussels.Four official languages: Arabic, English, French and SpanishA National Central Bureau (NCB) in each member countryINTERPOL – an international organizationINTERPOL is the world’s only global law enforcement organization, essentially linking all of the world’s police agencies. It was created in 1923, when police chiefs from 19 countries met in Vienna to discuss how best to counter the increasing international dimension of criminality. Today, it has 188 member countries. Police all around the world use INTERPOL’s secure global police communications system called I-24/7 to share information, co-ordinate their activities and access INTERPOL databases. In addition, INTERPOL provides police with operational support services.INTERPOL’s mission is to enhance existing police resources around the world by assisting all organizations, authorities and services whose mission is to prevent or combat international crime. INTERPOL carries out this mission by developing and providing database tools through which police can communicate and share information, intelligence and analysis; offering training to help police build their crime-fighting capacity; and helping police co-ordinate their activities worldwide.INTERPOL has its General Secretariat in Lyon, France INTERPOL operates seven regional offices – in Argentina, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Kenya, Thailand and Zimbabwe – and two representative offices at the United Nations in New York and at the European Union in Brussels. Each member country maintains a National Central Bureau (NCB) staffed by highly trained law enforcement officers.About 600 staff members from around 80 different countries work at these facilities, including around 160 police officers seconded to INTERPOL by member countries.
4 INTERPOL National Central Bureaus - NCBs General SecretariatNCBsSpecialised LawenforcementagenciesINTERPOL National Central Bureaus (NCBs)Each INTERPOL member country maintains a National Central Bureau (NCB) staffed by national law enforcement officers. The NCB is the designated contact point for the General Secretariat, regional offices and other member countries requiring assistance with overseas investigations and the location and apprehension of fugitives. It is also the gateway to police information and co-operation between the national police organization and their foreign counterparts.The role of an NCB is to participate in all of INTERPOL’s activities, providing constant and active co-operation – compatible with the laws of their countries – so that INTERPOL can achieve its aims.The NCB is typically one division of a member country’s national police agency or investigation service, or is under the jurisdiction of the ministry or department in charge of public security or justice.The head of the NCB is usually one of the highest-ranking law enforcement officials in the country. Depending on the country’s size, the NCB may have only two or three officers responsible for all INTERPOL-related activities, or several tens of officers, with specialists in terrorism, fugitives, high-tech crimes, or trafficking in human beings, drugs or stolen property. Larger NCBs may have their own legal counsel or crisis management centres to handle urgent requests from other countries.Officers working in the NCBs carry out their daily work in the pursuit of international police co-operation but remain employed by their national administrations.AirportsPortsBordersPolice stations
6 Seeking additional information Warnings about known criminals Core function #2: Operational data services and databases for policeINTERPOL Notices and DiffusionsWanted personsSeeking additional informationWarnings about known criminalsMissing personsUnidentified bodiesSpecial INTERPOL-UN Security CouncilWarnings of threats+ DiffusionsThe INTERPOL Notices System –Please mention that Mr Greenberg will work on cases studies and proposal on day 2 !At the request of member countries, INTERPOL circulates electronic notices that serve to alert police of fugitives, suspected terrorists, dangerous criminals, missing persons or weapons threats.Just do not develop but you wanted to mention that it at this stage as Mr Greenberg will explain all what it is about tomorrow
7 Corruption was named as INTERPOL’s crime priority area in 2007 Core function #3: Operational police support servicesINTERPOL’s initiatives in Anti-Corruption & AMLCorruption was named as INTERPOL’s crime priority area in 2007Asset recovery is the natural extension of AC investigationToolsmulti-purpose toolsCustomized tools
8 Difficulties in tackling Corruption THE OFFENCEIt is increasingly transnationalValue moves across borders, very fast, in electronic formEven assets created out of corrupt money are stored in electronic form.THE EFFORTSCountries are sovereign and legislative jurisdiction is limited by boundaries.Investigative process is physical, the channel is lengthy, compartmentalized, procedure and requirements different and often frustrating.Locating and linking assets stored electronically is difficult. They often change form making them difficult to trace.
9 United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) Chapter IIPreventivemeasuresChapter IIICriminalization &Law EnforcementChapter IVInternationalCooperationChapter VAsset Recovery
10 Anti-Corruption Office INTERPOL's Anti-Corruption Office is engaged in a number of initiatives designed to combat corruption and encourage the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC).It seeks to train, support and co-ordinate individuals in law enforcement through a variety of programs in order to expose and address the problem of corruption.
11 Approach to Asset Recovery Operational Coordination: Global Focal Points for Asset RecoveryCapcity Building: INTERPOL Global Programme on Anti-Corruption and Asset RecoveryOperational Meetings: We coordinate Operational meetings for AR
12 The Focal Point Initiative - concept Authorized list of names and contact detailsRepository of skills and tools and a secured database for ongoing casesUse of Interpol’s secure I-24/7 law enforcement communication platformAuthorized INTERPOL Red Notices on Corruption and future guidelines on how to issue them
13 The Focal Point Initiative –Features. Ordinarily available and restricted-A web-based application (through https://)A secured channel for exchange information between Focal Points-(through https://)A restricted access to the notices on corruption- (through https:// e-ASF2/ICIS)A criminal database for ongoing case (through I-24/7)
14 Strategy for CB Franchise model Out-reach in partnership Complemaentary in natureRegional approachComprehensive packageWorkshop model for five working days
15 Role we play…. Facilitating role Suggest and help select course contentSuggest and help select facultyPrescribe and select the participants
16 Role partner plays Provides an institutional set-up Provides class room infrastructureSupplements facultyProvides and logistics
17 Method…. Case study based Investigator/Prosecutor who handled the case teachesHand-on workshopPros & cons discussedGroup discussionsGroups come out with best practices
18 Focus… On Investigator & Prosecutor On evidence On collecting, preserving and presenting admissible evidenceComplete the triangle of crime-criminal-asset by evidenceBecause, efficient investigation is fundamental to successful asset recovery
19 The First programme Hosted by the CBI New Delhi between 13&17Feb 2012 For Asia Pacific region36 participants from 16 countries
20 A balanced diet UNCAC and OECD Convention-A critical analysis Preventive vigilance and demonstration of preventive toolsCorruption in contracting and procurementsCorruption in extracting natural resourcesUse of INTERPOL tools and guides
21 A balanced diet Role of Intelligence in corruption investigation Tracking proceeds of corruption in virtual worldPreserving, extracting evidence from electronic networkPractical and hands-on training in extraction of evidence from electronic medium
22 A balanced diet Corruption and high value financial frauds Investigating corruption in sportsIssues in writing MLA requestsInvestigation of corruption in sportsGroup exercise on best practices
23 Operational Meetings Request can be from any member country A seconded police officer of IPSG acts as a expert coordinatorCase officers from relevant countries invited on the platform-Experts invited to advise on complex issuesIf need be, prosecutors are invitedThe coordinator from IPSG, draws up the agenda
24 The Dynamics of Ops mtgFrom within the participants, a Task Force emergesWay forward emerges on consensusAn Expert Team assembled to de deployed on specific missionOften, member countries and Intl. Agencies commit resources for the missionCoordinator at IPSG is the contact point & manages IE platform
25 The Dynamics Core case and satellite cases discussed Outcome of criminal as well as intelligence investigation sharedProblem areas & complexities identifiedIssues concerning MLA/LRs sorted outStructure, modalities and host for a depository for information exchange, worked outStrategies worked outContact points for future course decidedBilateral / side / informal meetings