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1 The 2-to-4 decoder is a block which decodes the 2-bit binary inputs and produces four output All but one outputs are zero One output corresponding to the input combination is a one Two inputs and four outputs are shown in the figure The equations are – y0 = x1’. x0’ – y1 = x1’. x0 – y2 = x1. x0’ – y3 = x1. x0 2-to-4 decoder 2-4 decoder x1 x0 y0 y1 y2 y3

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2 A 2-to-4 decoder can be designed with an enable signal If enable is zero, all outputs are zero If enable is 1, then an output corresponding to two inputs is a one, all others are still zero The equations are – y0 = x1’. x0’. E – y1 = x1’. x0. E – y2 = x1. x0’. E – y3 = x1. x0. E 2-to-4 decoder with enable 2-4 decoder x1 x0 y0 y1 y2 y3 E

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3 The 3-to-8 decoder is implemented using two 2-to-4 decoders The implementation is as shown 3-to-8 decoder using a 2-to-4 decoder 2-4 decoder y0 y1 y2 y3 2-4 decoder y4 y5 y6 y7 x2 x1 x0 E E

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