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TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 MIXED TYPE MIXED TYPE 3-2 and 2-3 3-2 and 2-3 EVEN IF EVEN.

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Presentation on theme: "TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 MIXED TYPE MIXED TYPE 3-2 and 2-3 3-2 and 2-3 EVEN IF EVEN."— Presentation transcript:

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2 TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 TYPE 0 vs. TYPE 1 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 TYPE 2 vs. TYPE 3 MIXED TYPE MIXED TYPE 3-2 and and 2-3 EVEN IF EVEN IF ONLY IF ONLY IF ONLY IF ONLY OTHERWISE OR UNLESS PROVIDED PROVIDING AS LONG AS LONG AS ON CONDITION THAT ON CONDITION THAT IF ☻ SHOULD IF ☻ SHOULD IF ☻ WERE TO IF ☻ WERE TO CONDITIONAL ADVERBS AND OTHER CONFUSABLE STRUCTURES IF vs. IN CASE IF vs. IN CASE

3 A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION ALWAYS THE SAME OUTCOME V1IF V1 RESULTCONDITION, A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION A POSSIBLE OUTCOME IN THE FUTURE V IF V1, WILL MAY-MIGHT-COULD CAN RESULT CONDITION A PARTICULAR CONDITION IF you press on this button, the shock freeze mode WHAT COMES NEXT operates. PARTICULARLY SPEAKING IF Kayla presses on this button again after all that has happened, I am sure, I A PERSONAL OPINION will be shocked. T Y P E 0 T Y P E 1

4 GENERALLY SPEAKING A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION ALWAYS THE SAME OUTCOME IF you dye your hair in yellow, V1IF V1 you a blonde. A NATURAL OUTCOME RESULTCONDITION, become A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION A POSSIBLE OUTCOME IN THE FUTURE V IF V1, WILL MAY-MIGHT-COULD CAN RESULT CONDITION PERSONALLY SPEAKING IF Kayla dyes her beautiful auburn hair in yellow, she an ugly blonde. A PERSONAL OPINION will become T Y P E 0 T Y P E 1

5 A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION ALWAYS THE SAME OUTCOME V1IF V1 RESULTCONDITION, A PARTICULAR PRESENT CONDITION A POSSIBLE OUTCOME IN THE FUTURE V IF V1, WILL MAY-MIGHT-COULD CAN RESULT CONDITION GENERALLY SPEAKING IF you grow obsessed with your looks at school, your academic performance A NATURAL OUTCOME declines. PARTICULARLY SPEAKING IF Kayla’s obsession with her looks continues at this rate, I am afraid, her academic performance A PERSONAL OPINION will decline. T Y P E 0 T Y P E 1

6 AN IMAGINARY CONDITION AT THE PRESENT TIME RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT AT THE PRESENT TIME IF V2 RESULTCONDITION, AN IMAGINARY CONDITION IN THE PAST RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT IN THE PAST HAVE V3 IF HAD V3, RESULT CONDITION IMAGINED TO BE SO NOW IF most top models Many young girls IMAGINED TO HAPEN IN GENERAL wouldn’t go T Y P E 2 T Y P E 3 V WOULD COULD MIGHT WOULD COULD MIGHT RESULT so skinny but beautiful, weren’t not benot go on risky crash diets. IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST IF Kayshe IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST wouldn’t have lost on so many crash diets, hadn’t gone not go not lose her health last year. REAL; Models are skinny… UNREAL; IF models weren’t so skinny… REAL; so girls go on risky diets UNREAL; girls wouldn’t go on risky diets REAL; Kay went on so many diets… UNREAL; IF Kay hadn’t gone on … diets REAL; so she lost her health UNREAL; she wouldn’t have lost her health

7 AN IMAGINARY CONDITION AT THE PRESENT TIME RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT AT THE PRESENT TIME IF V2 RESULTCONDITION, AN IMAGINARY CONDITION IN THE PAST RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT IN THE PAST HAVE V3 IF HAD V3, RESULT CONDITION IMAGINED TO HAPPEN REGULARLY IF II IMAGINED TO BE SO NOW would be T Y P E 2 T Y P E 3 V WOULD COULD MIGHT WOULD COULD MIGHT RESULT enough regular exercise, took takebe much fitter and better in shape now. IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST IF II IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE BEEN SO IN THE PAST wouldn’t have been ignored regular exercise when I was young, had taken take be ignored by most of the girls. REAL; I don’t take enough exercise… UNREAL; IF I took enough exercise… REAL; so I am not fitter and better… UNREAL; I would be fitter and better… REAL; I didn’t take regular exercise… UNREAL; IF I had taken regular exercise… REAL; so I was ignored by most girls UNREAL; I wouldn’t have been ignored …

8 AN IMAGINARY CONDITION AT THE PRESENT TIME RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT AT THE PRESENT TIME IF V2 RESULTCONDITION, AN IMAGINARY CONDITION IN THE PAST RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT IN THE PAST HAVE V3 IF HAD V3, RESULT CONDITION IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE BEEN SO FOR SOME TIME IF Bella sh e IMAGINED NOT TO BE SO NOW wouldn’t be MIXED MIXED V WOULD COULD MIGHT WOULD COULD MIGHT RESULT diet for so many years, hadn’t been on not benot be so charming, fit and healthy as she is now. IMAGINED TO BE THE CASE NOW IF Adamhe IMAGINED TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST would have told such a big problem as you suggest, ha d have not tell me in the very first place. REAL; Bella has been on diet for years, UNREAL; IF Bella hadn’t been on diet for… REAL; so she is charming and fit UNREAL; she wouldn’t be charming and fit REAL; Adam doesn’t have a big problem UNREAL; IF Adam had a big problem REAL; since he didn’t tell me anything UNREAL; he would have told me first

9 AN IMAGINARY CONDITION AT THE PRESENT TIME RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT AT THE PRESENT TIME IF V2 RESULTCONDITION, AN IMAGINARY CONDITION IN THE PAST RELATED IMAGINARY RESULT IN THE PAST HAVE V3 IF HAD V3, RESULT CONDITION IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST IF her pals sh e IMAGINED NOT TO BE HAPPENING NOW wouldn’t be hanging round MIXED MIXED V WOULD COULD MIGHT WOULD COULD MIGHT RESULT Jane, hadn’t ostracised not ostracisenot be hanging round with those punks now. IMAGINED NOT TO BE SO NOW IF Cynthiashe IMAGINED NOT TO HAVE HAPPENED IN THE PAST would not have missed so obsessed with her looks, weren’ t not be not miss the school bus while dolling herself up. REAL; Her pals ostracised Jane, UNREAL; IF her pals hadn’t ostracised Jane REAL; so she is hanging round with… UNREAL; she wouldn’t be hanging round… REAL; She is obsessed with her looks, UNREAL; IF she weren’t obsessed with… REAL; so she missed the bus dolling up UNREAL; she wouldn’t have missed …up

10 A S S O C I A T E S O F I F Click to see the prompt to guide you to give a response. Click to see the prompt to guide you to give a response. Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘EVEN IF’ Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘EVEN IF’ Click to see Click to see a possible answer John might give Click to see Click to see a possible answer. Click to see Click to see the conditoin that is so imperative so as to pardon Meghan. What are you dreaming so wistfully? Is it about the hunky boy at the party? “ IF ONLY I… EVEN IF ONLY IF EMPASIZES SOMETHING WILL STILL BE THE SAME NO MATTER WHAT CONDITION IS FULFILLED IF ONLY EMPHASIZES SOMETHING IS POSSIBLE ONLY UNDER ONE PARTICULAR CONDITION EXPRESSES ONLY A STRONG WISH SHOULD NOT BE MISTAKEN FOR ‘ONLY IF’ How much do you like wearing earrings, John? “I would not give them up EVEN IF … Is there no hope Meghan could be admitted back to her school? “Well, ONLY IF … Click to see the FUNCTION of the next item! Click to see the FUNCTION of the next item! Click to see other associates of IF! Click to see other associates of IF! …they expelled me from school, my girlfriend left me, my ears contracted a terrible disease, or the end of the world came!” …she can prove she is not responsible for what has happened …she gets the tattoo on her face laser deleted …were the only girl here …were pretty enough for him to notice me …my boyfriend hadn’t come here, too”

11 Janet will not stop hanging round with those coquettish girls IF they DON’T cast her out. Brianna must write a letter of apology to each of her friends that she has offended. IF she DOESN’T, she will be expelled. OTHERWISE, A S S O C I A T E S O F I F OTHERWISEORUNLESS REPEAT THE MEANING OF THE WHOLE CONDITIONAL CLAUSE REDUCING THE MEANING TO ‘IF NOT’ STANDS FOR THE WORDS ‘IF’ AND ‘NOT’ IN THE FULL FORM OF THE CONDITIONAL CLAUSE Click to see the FUNCTION of the next item! Click to see the FUNCTION of the next item! Click to see an example. Click to see an example. Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘OTHERWISE & OR’ Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘OTHERWISE & OR’ Click to alternate ‘IF NOT’ with ‘OTHERWISE / OR’ Click to alternate ‘IF NOT’ with ‘OTHERWISE / OR’ UNLESS they Click to see another example Click to see another example Click to alternate ‘IF NOT’ with ‘OTHERWISE / OR’ Click to alternate ‘IF NOT’ with ‘OTHERWISE / OR’ Click to see how ‘UNLESS’ replaces the two words Click to see how ‘UNLESS’ replaces the two words ‘IF’ & ‘NOT’ in the conditional clause * if she doesn’t, Click to see how ‘SHOULD’ replaces ‘IF’ Click to see how ‘SHOULD’ replaces ‘IF’ Cassandra reformed all her bad attitudes to her friends. IF she HADN’T, she would have been rejected by every one of them. OTHERWISE, * if she hadn’t, * IF they do NOT cast her out, IF the whole image ISN’T airbrushed, this handsome boy in the picture cannot be Steve. UNLESS the whole image IS * IF the whole image is NOT airbrushed, Click to see other associates of IF! Click to see other associates of IF!

12 A S S O C I A T E S O F I F PROVIDED alternates with PROVIDING, AS LONG AS, ON CONDITION THAT, IF or ONLY IF Click for the answer! ON CONDITION THAT replaces AS LONG AS, PROVIDED, PROVIDING, IF or ONLY IF Click for the answer! AS LONG AS replaces PROVIDED, PROVIDING, ON CONDITION THAT, IF or ONLY IF Click for the answer! What is your recipe for the young to look healthy? “They’ll look healthy ON CONDITION THAT … PROVIDED - PROVIDING - AS LONG AS ON CONDITION THAT THEY DIRECTLY REPLACE ‘IF’ AND SUGGEST SOMETHING WILL BE POSSIBLE WHEN A PARTICULAR CONDITION IS MET What is your recipe for the young to look healthy? “They will look fit and healthy PROVIDED … What is your recipe for the young to look healthy? “They will look fit and healthy AS LONG AS … Click to see other associates. Click to see other associates. …they eat in moderation and d d d don’t skip meals.”...they take regular exercise.”...they sleep at least eight hours a day.” Click to see the how the following alternate with ‘IF’ Click to see the how the following alternate with ‘IF’ Click to see the prompt to guide you to give several responses Click to see the prompt to guide you to give several responses

13 A S S O C I A T E S O F I F Click to see the prompt to guide you to give a response. Click to see the prompt to guide you to give a response. Click to see Click to see a possible answer. SHOULD adds a meaning of SHOULD adds a meaning of very small possibility to get lost. Click to see some possible answers. “What would you do if you won the national lottery?” “ IF I WERE TO win the national lottery… IF ☻ SHOULD IF ☻ WERE TO INDICATES THE CONDITION IS LESS LIKELY TO HAPPEN BUT STILL POSSIBLE, PREFERRED IN SPOKEN ENGLISH ALTERNATIVE SHORTENED FORM OF TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL CLAUSE, IT IS TOTALLY IMAGINARY What will I do if I get lost in the city? “That’s almost impossible, but IF you SHOULD … Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘IF ☻ SHOULD’ Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘IF ☻ SHOULD’ Click to see more about ‘if ☻ should & if ☻ were to’. Click to see more about ‘if ☻ should & if ☻ were to’. …get lost, call me at this number. …manage that, don’t tell it to anybody! …I would be unable to think about what to do …I would not tell anyone about it until I had decided what to do” Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘IF ☻ WERE TO’ Click to see the FUNCTION of ‘IF ☻ WERE TO’

14 Can you rewrite Can you rewrite the examples with IF ☻ SHOULD ? Can you rewrite Can you rewrite the examples with IF ☻ WERE TO ? IF ☻ SHOULD IF ☻ WERE TO TYPE 1 A COINCIDENCE THAT MAY HAPPEN TYPE 2 A PRESENT ASSUMPTION Can you tell Alexa to call me if you HAPPEN TO see her? If you HAPPEN TO remember me, could you send me an ? Would you say yes if I asked you to marry me? If you came across a hungry lion, what would you do? IF you SHOULD vs. IF you WERE TO Click to see an exercise item Click to see an exercise item Can you tell Alexa to call me IF you SHOULD see her? IF you SHOULD remember me, could you send me an ? Would you say yes, IF I WERE TO ask you to marry me? IF you WERE TO come across a hungry lion, what would you do? Click to see other associates of IF! Click to see other associates of IF! Click to see an exercise item Click to see an exercise item

15 IF vs. IN CASE IF IN CASE SOMETHING WILL BE DONE AFTER ANOTHER SOMETHING IS DONE BEFOREHAND AS A PRECAUTION Click to see some exercise items Click to see some exercise items Match the sentences with the best inference. Match the sentences with the best inference.1 I will have the snow tires installed if it snows. I will have the snow tires installed if it snows.2 I will have the snow tires installed in case it snows. I will have the snow tires installed in case it snows. 3 I drive slowly if there is a speed trap. I drive slowly if there is a speed trap. 4 I drive slowly in case there is a speed trap. I drive slowly in case there is a speed trap. The speaker sometimes drives fast. The speaker may or may not have the tires changed The speaker always drives fast. The speaker is having the tires changed anyway You are ready to do some exercise. You are ready to do some exercise.


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