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PRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE)? Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: únor 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr.

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Presentation on theme: "PRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE)? Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: únor 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE)? Autor: Mgr. Ivana Dvořáková Datum vytvoření: únor 2013 DUM = Digitální Učební Materiál Gymnázium Dr. Karla Polesného, Znojmo Anglický jazyk

2 HOW TO USE IT? WHEN TO USE IT? PRESENT SIMPLE (PŘÍTOMNÝ ČAS PROSTÝ)

3 PRESENT SIMPLE – It’s really simple!  FORM (-s in third person singular):  declarative (.) I sleep 8 hours a day. He looks like an angel.  interrogative (?) Do you need anything? Does he know about it?  negative sentence: I do not think so. She doesn’t want to go with us. I like fizzy drinks. (Mám ráda pití s bublinkama.) Do you know him? (Znáš ho?) I don’t believe them. (Nevěřím jim.) Does she have any siblings? (Má nějaké sourozence?)

4 USE AND TYPICAL EXPRESSIONS  USE: when something is generally true It snows in winter. The sun rises in the east. when we describe habits or things we do regularly He goes to school every day at 7 a.m. and comes back at 3 p.m. for situation that is more or less permanent She likes coffee. Where do you live?  TYPICAL EXPRESSIONS: always, usually, often, sometimes, never, every morning, on Sundays, hardly ever...

5 HOW TO USE IT? WHEN TO USE IT? PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PŘÍT. ČAS PRŮBĚHOVÝ)

6 PRESENT CONTINUOUS  FORM: [auxiliary verb be] [verb+ing] It’s raining again. Are you coming? She isn’t listening now. Why are you wearing the coat? It’s warm outside. (Proč máš na sobě kabát? Venku je teplo.) Look, she is talking to the teacher again. (Koukej, zase mluví s učitelkou.)

7 USE AND TYPICAL EXPRESSIONS  USE: to describe actions that are happening at the moment The water is boiling, you can put the spaghetti in. to refer to temporary things Julia is living in Paris for a few months. to describe definite future plans Granny is coming next Saturday.  TYPICAL EXPRESSIONS: now, at the moment...

8 TYPICAL VERBS  state verbs like dislike love hate prefer remember forget believe mean seem understand want need know belong own hear agree conclude  some action verbs swallow thank throw reply shut find convince smash  action verbs common used in present continuous bringing buying carrying coming driving eating joking laughing talking  some non-action verbs feeling hoping listening looking sitting waiting watching wondering PRESENT SIMPLEPRESENT CONTINUOUS

9 TRANSLATE  Děláš si srandu?  Are you joking (kidding)?  Čeká tam na tebe.  She’s waiting for you there.  Chceš ještě kafe?  Do you want some more coffee?  O čem se bavíte?  What are you talking about?  Tomu nerozumím.  I don’t understand it.

10 EXERCISES WITH REAL-LIFE EXAMPLES READY TO TEST YOURSELVES?

11 FILL IN THE GAPS! 1.Are you.................... to that song now? 2. What do you................... from me? 3. Hurry, she is.......................... for us. 4. I don’t....................... well today. 5. He is probably an alcoholic, he is.................................. again. 6. I...................................... new sneakers for school. 7. Does she.................................... sushi? 8. What the hell are you................... ??? 9. Shhhh! She is............................. 10. I............................. in fate.

12 FILL IN THE GAPS! 1.Are you listening to that song now? 2. What do you want from me? 3. Hurry, she is waiting for us. 4. I don’t feel well today. 5. He is probably an alcoholic, he is drinking again. 6. I need new sneakers for school. 7. Does she like sushi? 8. What the hell are you doing??? 9. Shhhh! She is sleeping. 10. I believe in fate.

13 REFERENCES  Real-life example sentences in the last section have been extracted from the British National Corpus Online service: (see http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/)http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/  Recommended literature (student workbook): Conrad, S., Biber, D.: Real Grammar. A Corpus- Based Approach to English. NY: Pearson-Longman, 2009.

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