Presentation on theme: "European Food SCP Round Table SCP in the Global Context"— Presentation transcript:
1 European Food SCP Round Table SCP in the Global Context Plenary 2011SCP in the Global ContextFanny DemassieuxResource Efficiency Subprogramme CoordinatorHead, Responsible Consumption UnitUnited Nations Environment Programme
2 Two planets needed by 2050If we all keep/adopt the western patterns of production & consumption1900200220502100
3 Why does Sustainable Production AND Consumption matter? Impacts will be driven by increase in Affluence, Population. Technology will struggle to be enough.IPAT:yearIMPACT(How many times)Population(billion)Affluence(GDP per capita)Technology(Impact/ GDP)BAUFactor 52000(baseline)1.01.26 (1)800 (1)12020x11x2.21.4 (x1.1)8,000 (x10)1/52050x25x51.3 (x1)20,000 (x25)Projected IPAT for China Ref: Zhu Dajian, Governance for Sustainability, Tongji University, Shanghai (Davos, 2011)BAU in technology: 25 times more impactsFactor 5 improvement: 5 times more impacts.
4 The SCP global agenda Earth Summit - Agenda 21 (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) Call for action to promote patterns of consumption and production that reduce environmental stress and meet the basic needs of humanityWorld Summit on Sustainable Development - JPOI (Johannesburg, 2002)SCP is an overarching objective of and essential requirement for sustainable developmentCall for the development of a 10 Year Framework of Programme to support SCP implementation at the regional and national levelMarrakech process: SCP initiatives/policies have steadily increased in most regions ( )E.g. development of regional strategies, capacity-building and information sharing, multi-stakeholder partnerships and project implementation in SCP areasCSD18/19 ( ) gap in the Environmental Decision & JPOI implementation: the CSD19 failed to adopt any decisionUN Conference on Sustainable Development – Rio+20, 2012: an opportunity to take stock of progress in advancing SCP
5 Some key initiatives on SCP International Resource Panel, cochaired by UNEP-EC: reports on Decoupling; Priority Products and Materials, Metal Flows, BiofuelsJoint UNEP/UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Programme: 50 national cleaner production centres and programmes worldwideSustainable Building and Climate Initiative: international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and strategies, advice and support to policy-makers.OECD Environment Directorate project on the impacts of household consumption on the environment (energy use, waste, transport, food and water).Regional and sub-regional SCP strategies: European Union SCP, African 10YFP, LAC SCP strategy, Arab Region Strategy, Asia Green Growth Initiative, MERCOSUR SCP action plan, etc.Green Growth initiative - UN ESCAP and Republic of Korea: five main tracks of green tax and budget reform, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable consumption, green business, and ecological efficiency indicatorsJoint UNEP/UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Programme: technical assistance to establish national capacities on SCP and establishment of more than 50 national cleaner production centres and programmes worldwideDevelopment of life-cycle assessment standards in the International Organization for Standardization series since the early 1990s. In 2002, UNEP joined forces with the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry to launch the Life Cycle InitiativeSWITCH Asia programme funded by the European Commission: support to SMEs in the Asia and the Pacific region in achieving resource savings and gaining better access to the supply chains of international companiesOECD Environment Directorate project on the impacts of household consumption on the environment and the design of environmental policy targeted at households in five key areas (energy use, waste, transport, food and water).European Union Sustainable Consumption and Production and Sustainable Industrial Policy Action Plan in 2008: improving the environmental performance of products and increasing the demand for more sustainable goods and production technologiesGreen Growth initiative - UN ESCAP and Republic of Korea: five main tracks of green tax and budget reform, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable consumption, green business, and ecological efficiency indicators
6 Submission for Rio+20: adoption of 10YFP In the submission papers for Rio+20 various countries are requesting the adoption of a 10YFP, including: Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Croatia, the G77, CARICOM, European Union, and the African Region and the Asia and the Pacific (prep com Outcome document).Most of them make reference to the CSD19 text.
7 Economic growth can remain at comparable levels KEY RESULTSGreen Scenario2 % GDP ( bn dollars invested per year in greening 10 key sectors between 2010 and 2050Statu QuoCurrent economic policy and investment patterns pursuedProjected annual trends – GDP (Modelisation 2% GDP)
8 … With less impact : Green Scenario vs Statu Quo KEY RESULTS
9 Agriculture is facing a multitude of challenges Demand side ChallengeFood securityPopulation growthChanging pattern of demand driven by increased incomeThe growing pressure from bio-fuels.Supply side challengesLimited availability of landWaterMineral inputsRural labourIncreasing vulnerability of agriculture to climate changePre-harvest and post-harvest losses.2.6 bil livelihoods (Up to 70% empolyed in LDCs)3% of global GDP but up to 60% of GDP in many LDCs.9
10 UNEP’s SCP Agri-food Programme Activities based on a supply chain approach towards sustainability in agriculture and fisheriesUNEP launched the Sustainable Rice Platform last week – a PPP to scale-up sustainable rice production.Why rice?95% of all rice is produced and consumed in the SouthFragmented supply chain allowing little or no market incentiveFood Security and Poverty alleviation elements:200 M rice producers
11 Agriculture is producing more than needed The current level of production can feed billion ~ 2400 KC/person/dayWhy ~ 1 Billion sleep hungry?Poverty amid Plenty
12 Sustainable Food Systems Joint Programme with FAO and UNEPMain implementation tool is the Agri-food Task Force on SCPMarch 2012: first technical meeting (Rome)To re-focus and re-orient more effectively existing information platforms on sustainable agriculture and agri-food productsTo deliver meaningful and reliable communication about agri-food products to create markets and incentives to foster sustainable consumption and production patterns (broad set of principles to guide sustainability claims)To create enabling conditions in developing countries for the uptake of SCP in food systems (Capacity building and Public- Private Partnerships)To promote resource efficient production methods through market-based approaches (sustainable supply chains, PES and sustainability standards)
13 Consultation of the FAO/UNEP Sustainable Food Systems Programme Barbados, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of AmericaEuropean Commission, Consumers International, European Food SCP Roundtable, ICTSD, ISEAL Alliance, IUCN, Sustainable Agriculture Initiative, South Centre, WBCSD, WWF, FAO, UNCTAD, UNDESA, UNEP, OECD, UNIDO, International Fertilizer Association, Action Contre la Faim
14 Towards Rio+20 2 main issues on the negotiations agenda: International Framework for Sustainable Development (IFSD)Green EconomyOther issues: Food security? Energy access for all?Towards Sustainable Development Goals?