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European Food SCP Round Table Plenary 2011 SCP in the Global Context Fanny Demassieux Resource Efficiency Subprogramme Coordinator Head, Responsible Consumption.

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Presentation on theme: "European Food SCP Round Table Plenary 2011 SCP in the Global Context Fanny Demassieux Resource Efficiency Subprogramme Coordinator Head, Responsible Consumption."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Food SCP Round Table Plenary 2011 SCP in the Global Context Fanny Demassieux Resource Efficiency Subprogramme Coordinator Head, Responsible Consumption Unit United Nations Environment Programme

2 Two planets needed by If we all keep/adopt the western patterns of production & consumption

3 Why does Sustainable Production AND Consumption matter? Impacts will be driven by increase in Affluence, Population. Technology will struggle to be enough. IPAT: year IMPACT (How many times) Population (billion) Affluence (GDP per capita) Technology (Impact/ GDP) BAUFactor 5BAUFactor (baseline) (1)800 (1)1 2020x11x (x1.1)8,000 (x10)1 1/5 2050x25x51.3 (x1)20,000 (x25)11/5 BAU in technology: 25 times more impacts Factor 5 improvement: 5 times more impacts. Projected IPAT for China Ref: Zhu Dajian, Governance for Sustainability, Tongji University, Shanghai (Davos, 2011)

4  Earth Summit - Agenda 21 (Rio de Janeiro, 1992)  Call for action to promote patterns of consumption and production that reduce environmental stress and meet the basic needs of humanity  World Summit on Sustainable Development - JPOI (Johannesburg, 2002)  SCP is an overarching objective of and essential requirement for sustainable development  Call for the development of a 10 Year Framework of Programme to support SCP implementation at the regional and national level  Marrakech process: SCP initiatives/policies have steadily increased in most regions ( )  E.g. development of regional strategies, capacity-building and information sharing, multi-stakeholder partnerships and project implementation in SCP areas  CSD18/19 ( ) gap in the Environmental Decision & JPOI implementation: the CSD19 failed to adopt any decision  UN Conference on Sustainable Development – Rio+20, 2012: an opportunity to take stock of progress in advancing SCP The SCP global agenda

5  International Resource Panel, cochaired by UNEP-EC: reports on Decoupling; Priority Products and Materials, Metal Flows, Biofuels  Joint UNEP/UNIDO Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Programme: 50 national cleaner production centres and programmes worldwide  Sustainable Building and Climate Initiative: international platform to establish baselines to measure and report buildings performance, develop tools and strategies, advice and support to policy-makers. Some key initiatives on SCP  OECD Environment Directorate project on the impacts of household consumption on the environment (energy use, waste, transport, food and water).  Regional and sub-regional SCP strategies: European Union SCP, African 10YFP, LAC SCP strategy, Arab Region Strategy, Asia Green Growth Initiative, MERCOSUR SCP action plan, etc.  Green Growth initiative - UN ESCAP and Republic of Korea: five main tracks of green tax and budget reform, sustainable infrastructure, sustainable consumption, green business, and ecological efficiency indicators

6 6 Submission for Rio+20: adoption of 10YFP  In the submission papers for Rio+20 various countries are requesting the adoption of a 10YFP, including: Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Croatia, the G77, CARICOM, European Union, and the African Region and the Asia and the Pacific (prep com Outcome document).  Most of them make reference to the CSD19 text.

7 Economic growth can remain at comparable levels KEY RESULTS Projected annual trends – GDP (Modelisation 2% GDP) Statu Quo Current economic policy and investment patterns pursued Green Scenario 2 % GDP (1 300 bn dollars invested per year in greening 10 key sectors between 2010 and

8 … With less impact : Green Scenario vs Statu Quo KEY RESULTS

9 Demand side Challenge  Food security  Population growth  Changing pattern of demand driven by increased income  The growing pressure from bio-fuels. Supply side challenges  Limited availability of land  Water  Mineral inputs  Rural labour  Increasing vulnerability of agriculture to climate change  Pre-harvest and post- harvest losses. Agriculture is facing a multitude of challenges

10 UNEP’s SCP Agri-food Programme  Activities based on a supply chain approach towards sustainability in agriculture and fisheries  UNEP launched the Sustainable Rice Platform last week – a PPP to scale-up sustainable rice production.  Why rice?  95% of all rice is produced and consumed in the South  Fragmented supply chain allowing little or no market incentive  Food Security and Poverty alleviation elements: 200 M rice producers 10

11 Agriculture is producing more than needed 11 The current level of production can feed billion ~ 2400 KC/person/day Why ~ 1 Billion sleep hungry? Poverty amid Plenty

12 Sustainable Food Systems  Joint Programme with FAO and UNEP  Main implementation tool is the Agri-food Task Force on SCP  March 2012: first technical meeting (Rome) 12  To re-focus and re-orient more effectively existing information platforms on sustainable agriculture and agri-food products  To deliver meaningful and reliable communication about agri-food products to create markets and incentives to foster sustainable consumption and production patterns (broad set of principles to guide sustainability claims)  To create enabling conditions in developing countries for the uptake of SCP in food systems (Capacity building and Public- Private Partnerships)  To promote resource efficient production methods through market-based approaches (sustainable supply chains, PES and sustainability standards)

13 Consultation of the FAO/UNEP Sustainable Food Systems Programme  Barbados, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America  European Commission, Consumers International, European Food SCP Roundtable, ICTSD, ISEAL Alliance, IUCN, Sustainable Agriculture Initiative, South Centre, WBCSD, WWF, FAO, UNCTAD, UNDESA, UNEP, OECD, UNIDO, International Fertilizer Association, Action Contre la Faim 13

14 Towards Rio+20  2 main issues on the negotiations agenda:  International Framework for Sustainable Development (IFSD)  Green Economy  Other issues: Food security? Energy access for all?  Towards Sustainable Development Goals? 14

15 Thank you!

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