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Human Systems Integration

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1 Human Systems Integration
HSI at 711 HWP – What’s New HFE TAG #68 Bill Kosnik Chief, Materiel Branch Human Performance Integration Directorate 711th Human Performance Wing Air Force Research Laboratory DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

2 Human Systems Integration Directorate 711 HPW/HP
4/10/2017 Human Systems Integration Directorate 711 HPW/HP Mission Optimize warfighter capability through a human-centric approach to system development, acquisition and sustainment Provide our mission statement. This will serve as a decent segue to the next slide, where HSI will be explained. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

3 Bottom Line Up Front Currently amidst a significant push to re- energize HSI throughout the Air Force HSI implementation throughout the Air Force System Acquisition Life-Cycle is ongoing Still many challenges ahead AFRL is providing SMEs to help guide AF HSI AF leadership support HPT is looking across AF enterprise HSI capability in place Not resourced adequately to ensure sustained capability across AF DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

4 OVERVIEW History Organization HSI in the AF HSI examples
HP Role in Acquisition and Medicine HSI Case Studies Challenges: USAF SAB Report Current Progress Future Directions DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

5 History BRAC Relocation leverages capabilities of: 2004 2005 2008 2011
USAF SAB on Human Systems Integration in Air Force Weapon Systems Development and Acquisition convened. Report identified and made recommendations to address deficits in USAF HSI capabilities. BRAC 711 HPW relocated to WPAFB, consolidating: Human Effectiveness Directorate USAF School of Aerospace Medicine Human Systems Integration Directorate Relocation leverages capabilities of: Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Life Cycle Management Center 711Human Performance Wing Naval Medical Research Unit Dayton Air Force Human Systems Integration Office (AFHSIO) established under AF/CV as focal point for establishing USAF HSI policy. Human Performance Integration directorate established within 711th HPW to implement HSI in acquisition programs MAJCOM HSI teams established USAF Pilot-Physician Program accepts HSI as core competency DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

6 History 2012 2013 2014 HSI HPT Outcomes:
AFRL-LCMC Center-Level Agreement Inform Decision Makers of HSI issues and risks Standardize processes, tools and metrics Enhance education, training and competencies Establish HSI team at Global Strike Command HSI HPT: Develop a decision brief to SAF/AQ, AF/SG, and AFLCMC/CC with recommendations to “re-energize HSI in the USAF.” HP expanded to 49 Positions 5 MAJCOMS – ACC, AETC, AFMC, AFSOC, AMC 10 Programs established at LCMC 6 AFMS Initiatives: CCATT HSI CBA Flight Medicine Clinic (FMC) Workflow analysis Flight Medicine Health Services Review AME 2020 DOD-VA iEHR AFMS Strategic map Objective HP directorate rapidly deploys HSI capability: Growth from 4 to 27 HSI SMEs 5 MAJCOMs 10 programs 6 AFMS initiatives HSI requirements generation Established support to LCMC Program Executive Offices DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

7 HSI Directorate Organization
HP Director Col Bill Mueller Tech Advisor TBD Deputy Director Dr Scott Carlson Human Systems Analysis Division (HPA) Maj Matt Taranto Human Systems Implementation Division (HPI) Mr Mark Coleman MAJCOM HSI Teams Medical Branch Wing Cmdr Ivor Owen Materiel Branch Dr Bill Kosnik C4ISR Branch Mr Kevin Cruze Force Projection Branch Maj Mike Luby This is how our directorate is organized to accomplish our mission… Two divisions: HPA (Analysis Division): Focuses on programs early in the acquisition life-cycle. This division include HSI teams located at each of our CONUS MAJCOMs. These teams provide operator-level HSI involvement when requirements for new or existing programs are first developed. The MAJCOM HSI Teams work with the requirements and operations directorates to identify, validate, and insert HSI requirements and capabilities into documents that originate from operators. --For acquisitions, they are involved with Capability Gap Analysis, ICD, AoA, CDD, and transitioning CDD into SRD at the Program Offices. One of their deliverables is an HSI annex to these documents that provides traceability to validated Cap Gaps and the ICD. --For sustainment, they review AF Form 1067s to identify potential HSI gaps that should be addressed early in validating sustainment requests. -HPI (Implementation Division): Focuses on established programs which have offices in the Life Cycle Management Center. Often embed HSI practitioners into program offices to provide direct HSI support. ACC AETC AMC AFMC AFSOC AFGSC

8 HP Organization Four focus areas… Medical Materiel C4ISR
Force Projection This is how our directorate is organized to accomplish our mission…I have Two divisions: HPA (Analysis Division): Focuses on programs early in the acquisition life-cycle. This division include HSI teams located at each of our CONUS MAJCOMs. These teams provide operator-level HSI involvement when requirements for new or existing programs are first developed. HPI (Implementation Division): Focuses on established programs which have offices in the Life Cycle Management Center. Often embed HSI practitioners into program offices to provide direct HSI support. The MAJCOM HSI Teams work with the requirements and operations directorates to identify, validate, and insert HSI requirements and capabilities into documents that originate from operators. --For acquisitions, they are involved with Capabilty Gap Analysis, ICD, AoA, CDD, and transitioning CDD into SRD at the Program Offices. One of their deliverables is an HSI annex to these documents that provides traceability to validated Cap Gaps and the ICD. --For sustainment, they review AF Form 1067s to identify potential HSI gaps that should be addressed early in validating sustainment requests.

9 What resources do we utilize? PEOPLE
38 Personnel MD x3 PhD x3 HSI Masters x1 HSI certification x16 (NPS or WDETP) Currently enrolled at NPS x (2 Certificate, 2 Masters) Career Fields Program Managers x10 Engineers x10 Scientists x7 Biomed Service Corp x5 Medical Doctors x3 Expertise in all 9 AF HSI domains… Domain/program SMEs HSI SMEs Users

10 HP Role in AF System Acquisition
Air Force System HSI Practitioner Total System Performance Integration HSI practitioners are trained to understand the nine HSI domains and how to understand relationships between these domains to optimize system performance. These practitioners look through the HSI “lens” when they are assigned to support a particular program. Ideally, the practitioner is embedded into a program office where he or she can provide the program manager and systems engineer this human centric view of a program. The result is optimized total system performance leading to mission success for the war-fighter. Deliverables --HSI risk assessments at key program decision points --Inform decision makers --Provide risk reduction --Optimize human performance --Reduce life cycle costs Mission Success DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

11 HSI involvement in System Acquisition
Capability Based Assessments HSI HSI HSI HSI HSI HSI HSI HSI Human Systems Analysis (HPA) -Developmental Planning Capabilities Based Assessment Analysis of Alternatives -Convert Capabilities Development Document -Developmental Testing --Test to SRD (CDD) to technical --Test reports requirements for Systems Requirement Document (SRD) --CDRLs -Operational Testing -HSI Assessment at SDR, --Test against CDD PDR, CDR, and milestones --Test report --Traceability matrix Human Systems Implementation (HPI) Note: only selected acquisition programs covered Depicts the Department of Defense's acquisition lifecycle, from pre-milestone A, where new systems are first conceived, to full operational capability, where systems are fully functional and must be sustained. The directorate uses personnel from the Analysis Division (HPA) to focus on programs early in the acquisition life-cycle to provide human-centered requirements to system capabilities definition and development. The Implementation Division (HPI) focuses on established programs which have offices in the Life Cycle Management Center. HPI either provides reach back support or embeds HSI practitioners into program offices to provide direct HSI support. The MAJCOM HSI teams provide operator-level input across the entire acquisition timeline. MAJCOM Team support -ICD -CDD -CPD -Testable requirements -Sustainment -Modification Request ICD CDD CPD DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

12 HSI Involvement in ‘notional’ SPO
The PM is ultimately responsible for ensuring that HSI is considered HSI: Optimizes across domains and provides recommendations to SE regarding total system performance Program Manager SE: Optimizes across subsystems to meet required system specifications Systems Engineer Flight Controls Comms Radar Navigation ECS Airframe HSI Domain SMEs also provide input to HSI for integration and optimization Domain SMEs: Provide domain input to meet system specs Habitability ESOH Manpower Training Personnel HFE Survivability DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

13 HP role in AFMS Improved healthcare workflow & process management (e.g. Base Operational Medicine Cell) Strategic Map Objective E5 “Apply HSI to AFMS and LAF capabilities and systems” DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

14 How is HSI applied in the AFMS
HSI in AFMS will look different: Core “weapon systems” are health care delivery systems (more people than technology) Not dependent on traditional acquisition framework for primary systems; multiple entry pathways for technology (especially COTS) Decentralized development of system Practitioners need medical knowledge Medical Branch members and HP SMEs are already providing support to some 711th and Agile Combat Support (ACS) programs (such as TEMPUS-PRO, Ruggedized Ozone Sterilizing System [ROSS], Multi-channel Negative Pressure Wound Treatment and "Non-Invasive Warming and Cooling Device" (NIWCD)). …As well as high level input to workflow design and system development of the DoD Healthcare Management System Modernization (DHMSM) and the Base Operational Medicine Cell (BOMC) and Flight and Operational Medicine Clinic (FOMC). The E5 Objective initiatives are identifying the areas and processes within AFMS that may benefit from an HSI approach (i.e. the HSI touchpoints in order to offer reach back and direct MAJCOM HSI cell support. A guidebook for users is in development to offer appropriate AFMS practitioners an overview of the HSI approach and then specific guidance and checklists to apply HSI to particular processes and areas. The application of HSI to healthcare delivery systems is very new, with little literature and experience available. Thus the intention is to apply HSI initially in more line comparable areas within AFMS (such as requirements generation, test and evaluation and logistics management) and then develop applications to management, policy, clinical care within the healthcare delivery systems of in-garrison care, aeromedical evacuation and expeditionary care as we learn lessons from the BOMC and FOMC projects and rolling out the guidebook (later this year). DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

15 Current HSI Case-studies
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

16 Aircraft systems Avionics modernization upgrades
Front-end analysis to include aircrew/mission needs, environment, operations, etc. Ensure aircrews can effectively accomplish all missions without excessive workload or performance degradation, minimal training Maintenance/logistics considerations HFE Personnel Training Manpower ESOH Habitability Survivability

17 Aircraft systems (cont.)
Loading/unloading equipment & supplies Eliminate or minimize: Extra personnel required to handle and lift equipment Safety mishaps due to drops, falls, equipment shifting during flight Damage to equipment due to mishaps HFE Personnel Training Manpower ESOH Habitability Survivability

18 Aircraft systems (cont.)
Workspace design for patient transport and medical care Addresses aircraft & mission effectiveness HFE Personnel Training Manpower ESOH Habitability Survivability

19 Ground Control Station
High visual workload demands Multiple screens require significant mental integration Varying data input methods No decision aiding/support technology Add-on systems providing needed functionality not integrated with core GCS Narrow sensor field of view Multiple inputs required to implement commands (e.g., 22 key strokes to turn on autopilot) Numerous alphanumeric status displays Limited alert cues to warning messages Lack of system feedback regarding task completion Non-intuitive multilayered menus Extra workspace required Multiple separate comm devices Poor ergonomics

20 Aircrew Life Support Equipment
Developed human centric test plan for aircraft integration events Evaluated design impact on human performance and affected design changes Supported development of training requirements Conducted research to support requirements development Embraced effects-based HSI to identify performance risk of designs HFE Personnel Training Manpower ESOH Habitability Survivability

21 HSI Challenges DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013

22 2012 USAF SAB Report on Aircraft Oxygen Generation
Recommendation #2: “Re-energize the emphasis on Human Systems Integration throughout a weapon system’s lifecycle, with much greater emphasis during Pre-Milestone A and Engineering & Manufacturing Development phases.”

23 Focus Areas Roles & Responsibilities: Codify the roles and responsibilities, organizational relationships, HSI processes and products for the “HSI Enterprise” in AF policy and guidance Forcing Functions: Drive consistent use of the existing forcing functions at key ILCM touch points to ensure HSI issues are appropriately addressed and Senior Leaders are adequately informed on HSI risks and issues Tools & Metrics: Use standardized HSI tools and metrics to assist, evaluate, and report HSI activities for systems in all lifecycle phases, from Capabilities Based Assessments to Operations & Sustainment Training & Competencies: Describe, develop and resource the HSI competencies required for “cradle to grave” execution of Air Force system portfolios

24 Re-energizing HSI in progress
Supporting AFLCMC PEOs Fighter/Bomber Agile Combat Support Mobility Tanker ISR & SOF Established JCIDS document review process Established support to Air Force Medical Service Establishing HSI team at Global Strike Command Ongoing workforce development and HSI training

25 Future HSI Considerations
Who are operators of the future? Operator workload/overload What environments will we fight in? Medical standards/fitness for UAS operations How will we train for future/nonexistent systems? Mental health effects of remote warfare Autonomous operations and HSI implications Manpower Training Occ Health Personnel Survivability Safety Habitability Environment Human Factors

26 Final Message HSI is part of the AF Medical and Acquisition processes
HS is much more than just HFE or Occupational Health HSI optimizes human performance

27 Further Information DoD Air Force AFMC DAU AFIT
DoDD , The Defense Acquisition System DoDI , Operation of the Defense Acquisition System Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG), Ch 6 Air Force AFPD 63-1/20-1, Acquisition and Sustainment Life Cycle Management AFI , Acquisition and Sustainment Life Cycle Management AFPAM , Guide to Acquisition and Sustainment Life Cycle Management, Ch 18 AFMC AFMCI , Implementing Operational Safety Suitability and Effectiveness AFRL-LCMC Center Level Agreement DAU CLM 041, Human Systems Integration CLM 101, Intro to JCIDS ACQ 101, Fundamentals of Systems Acquisition Management LOG 101, Acquisition Logistics Fundamentals AFIT SYS 169, Intro to Human Systems Integration SYS 269, Intermediate Human Systems Integration

28 Questions? DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release: distribution unlimited. PA Case No: 88ABW Date Cleared: MAR 28, 2013


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