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PUBLIC POLICY, PROPOSALS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INNOVATION IN PERU

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Presentation on theme: "PUBLIC POLICY, PROPOSALS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INNOVATION IN PERU"— Presentation transcript:

1 PUBLIC POLICY, PROPOSALS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INNOVATION IN PERU
XIII UNCTAD INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY DAY CHALLENGES, PUBLIC POLICY, PROPOSALS AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF INNOVATION IN PERU  José Urquizo Maggia Ministry of Production of Peru

2 Competitiveness and FTA Challenges for innovation
SUMMARY Competitiveness and FTA Challenges for innovation Heterogeneity and tradition Productive inclusion and decentralization Closing poverty gaps Training of human resources Diversifying production and exports Overcoming productivity gaps Speeding up innovation upgrade Proposals and achievements

3 COMPETITIVENESS “…Competitive advantage comes mainly from improvement, innovation and change " Porter INNOVATION QUALITY ASSOCIATIVITY PRODUCTIVITY AND GROWTH PRODUCTIVE INCLUSION ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

4 GLOBAL INSERTION EFTA CANADA EUROPEAN UNION UNITED STATES European Union SINGAPUR ANDEAN COMMUNITY CHINA MERCOSUR Australia CHILE MERCOSUR TPP - APEC …Opportunity and challenge ... 3 BILLION POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS 4

5 ... But if we look closer there are challenges that concern us
After more than 10 years of growth higher than 6% per annum, Peru has improved its competitiveness position WEF Location  competitiveness rankings Peru and Latin America, 2008 and 2011 1 = Best ... But if we look closer there are challenges that concern us * Source: WEF Global Competitiveness Report

6 PUBLIC POLICY CHALLENGES OF INNOVATION IN PERU
XIII UNCTAD INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY DAY PUBLIC POLICY CHALLENGES OF INNOVATION IN PERU

7 First Industrial Revolution
CHALLENGE 1. Overcoming Technological Heterogeneity + Inclusion of traditional knowledge and biodiversity wealth Knowledge Revolution Information Society First Industrial Revolution Agriculture Revolution Knowledage Information Mindfactoring ICT’s Biotechnology Nanotechnology Machinery Land Strategic factors of competitiveness Manufactoring 7

8 CHALLENGE 2. Decentralization and diversification of regional production
Percentage of total manufacturing firms 55% 45% Others Regions Total Manufacturing Enterprises: 136,129 = 55% in Lima accounts for 14.8% of GDP Source: SUNAT – Registro RUC 2011

9 ... poverty has declined over time
 ...But there are still pending issues (31.3%) (48.7%) (54.8%) Source: INEI.

10 CHALLENGE 3. Reduce poverty and competitiveness gaps between regions
The two poorest regions are the least competitive Innovation can reduce economic and social problems COMPETITIVENESS - REGIONAL INDEX 2010 Source: Centrum Católica

11 CHALLENGE 4. Promote human capital formation to generate value added
Professionals according to field (%) Engineering and Science Medicine and Biology Laws, Social Sciences and Humanities Others Source: INEI National Censum1972, 1993, 2007 (CEPLAN 2009)

12 CHALLENGE 5. Diversify the composition of output
% in Peruvian currency at constant 1994 prices Source: INEI, BCR

13 CHALLENGE 5. Diversifing the export supply
Source: BCRP, SUNAT.

14 CHALLENGE 6.  Increase business productivity and reduce the gap between Small, Medium and Large Enterprise 10 20 30 40 50 60 3 6 9 12 15 Sales / worker(thousand US$) Employment (millons) Microenterprises 3,150 USD Small Enterprises 8,000 USD Medium Enterprises 27,000 USD Large Enterprises 48,000 USD Source: FOROMIC (2009).

15 Ranking of competitiveness: Innovation
CHALLENGE 7. Enhance innovation Ranking of competitiveness: Innovation INNOVATION Brasil Chile Colombia México Argentina Perú General 44 46 57 63 78 113 Entorno favorable Competencia 132 23 128 103 141 59 Calidad de la educación matemática y de la ciencia 127 87 83 126 135 Calidad del sistema educativo 115 124 72 107 86 Uso de las TIC 56 73 55 82 Gasto del Gobierno en tecnología 52 47 45 75 98 Protección de la Propiedad Intelectual 84 85 122 Disponibilidad del capital de riesgo 34 49 129 38 Inversión Gasto de las compañías en I+D 30 60 76 79 118 Calidad de los científicos en las instituciones de investigación 42 51 69 54 41 109 Colaboración entre Universidad- Industria en I+D 43 48 Disponibilidad de Científicos e Ingenieros 91 29 77 102 Desempeño Capacidad de innovación 31 66 99 Patentes utilizadas por millón de habitantes 53 58 1 = Best Source: The Global Competitiveness Report

16 PUBLIC POLICY PROPOSALS and ACHIEVEMENTS FOR INNOVATION IN PERU
XIII UNCTAD INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY DAY PUBLIC POLICY PROPOSALS and ACHIEVEMENTS FOR INNOVATION IN PERU

17 COMPETITIVENESS AGENDA 2012 – 2013 February 9th, 2012
SEVEN STRATEGIC PILLARS: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT, QUALITY & PRODUCTIVE TRAINING INTERNATIONALIZATION INFRAESTRUCTURE INFORMATION AND COMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES FACILITATE BUSSINES ACTIVITIES ENVIROMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

18 ¿ WHAT HAS PERU PROPOSED TO DO?
To invest in innovation (processes, products, services and new organizational arrangements). De 0,15% a 0,7% en 2016 To establish a multisectoral institutional framework to foster the development of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). Sept,2012 To support industries to diversify production and promote new industries, generate more value added using traditional technologies and adopting new ones CITEs and FUNDS To decentralize the productive structure and close productivity gaps To promote the formation and improvement of human capital and more participation of the private sector in STI

19 INVESTMENT ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
(2006) PROPOSAL 1 : Investment on R & D. GOAL: 0,7% del GDP- Regional average 0.6% Source; CEPAL.

20 Infrastructure and Logistics Technical and Professional Education
PROPOSAL 2: INNOVATION AS A MULTI SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY. Institutional framework to link knowledge and technology to businesses Infrastructure and Logistics Technical and Professional Education Innovation and Quality Market Orientation

21 Innovation Technological Centers - CITEs
GOOD PERUVIAN PRACTICES TO PROMOTE INNOVATION Innovation Technological Centers - CITEs Purpose: Access to technology and promotion of innovation Agents for Technological Transfer between enterprises and R&D institutions Active presence of the private sector at the managerial level Integrated in a NETWORK - RED de CITEs Link between knowledge generation and productive activities Strategic partner of enterprises

22 Network of CITEs according to the descentralization process
Loreto: CITEfrutas tropicales y plantas medicinales. CITEforestal Piura: CITEAgroindustrial Cajamarca: CITEminero San Martin: CITEcacao Pucallpa: U.T CITEmadera Operating in process Lima: CITEmadera: Mueble CITEccal: Cuero-Calzado CITEmetalmecánico CITElogistico GS1 CITEsoftware CITEmarketing Promote regional development, productive value chains and competitive clusters Ica: CITEvid Arequipa: CITEconfecciones CITEagrondustrial CITEindustria textil camélidos IPAC CITEagroalimentario de Majes Tacna: CITEagroindustrial

23 Productivity and Quality improvement Technological Transfer
ROLE AND SERVICES OF CITES Innovation R&D+i projects Productivity and Quality improvement Lab testing Product Development and Design ENTERPRISES & MARKETS Promote the use of standards Logistics management and ITC Market driven value chain Quality System Training Technical information and Technological watch Pilot Plants Technological Transfer Technical Assistance R&D+i

24

25 QUALITY AND STANDARDIZATION FOR FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS COMMITMENTS
CITEs are part of Technical Standards Comitees Besides, CITEs run labs to test for norms compiance e.g.: Wood and furniture (CITEmadera). Footwear and leather (CITEccal; ISO17025). Pisco, wine, wineyard and grape(CITEvid; ISO17025). Alpaca fiber - textile (CITEtextil de camélidos IPAC)- Arequipa. R&D+i standards ( OTCITs). 25

26 Funds for Innovation Co-financing Cooperating to compete
GOOD PERUVIAN PRACTICES Funds for Innovation Co-financing Cooperating to compete

27 M A R K E t COMPETITIVENESS Technological Innovation Innovation funds
PRODUCERS, ORGANIZATIONS & ENTREPRENEURS QUALITY AND SAFETY STANDARDS VOLUME DESIGN MARKET PRICES Technological Innovation PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS QUALITY AND SAFETY DESIGN AND PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY PARTNERS 

28 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FUNDS
FINCYT I ( ) 36 million US dollars IDB Nº 1663/OC-PE Funds granted since 2010: US$ 62´000,000 Financing up to 75% of 2 different kinds of proyects FINCYT II ( ) 100 million US dollars. Start : 2nd Half 2012

29 Competitiveness ranking 2011: 67 Global Innovation Ranking 2011: 113
XIII UNCTAD INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY DAY Competitiveness ranking 2011: 67 Global Innovation Ranking 2011: 113 634 Patents 4,965 researchers 2021 GOALS Competitiveness ranking 2021: 40 Global Innovation Ranking 2021: 70 6,000 Patents 20,000 Researchers

30 THANKS … Future depends on all of us José Urquizo Maggia
Ministry of Production - Peru INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY DAY


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