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Areas of Focus within The Ecology: Abiotic Factors Unit Abiotic Factors, Biotic Factors, The Big 7 Abiotic Factors, Organisms Range of Tolerance, Light,

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Presentation on theme: "Areas of Focus within The Ecology: Abiotic Factors Unit Abiotic Factors, Biotic Factors, The Big 7 Abiotic Factors, Organisms Range of Tolerance, Light,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Areas of Focus within The Ecology: Abiotic Factors Unit Abiotic Factors, Biotic Factors, The Big 7 Abiotic Factors, Organisms Range of Tolerance, Light, How light affects Organisms, Photosynthesis, Factors in the Environment that Affect the Amount of Light, How Organisms Movements are affected by light, Bioluminescence, How temperature affects organisms, Thermoregulation, Physiological Regulation, Behavioral Regulation, Adaptation, Hypothermia, Hyperthermia, Warm-Bloodedness (endothermy), Cold-Bloodedness, Hibernation / Torpor, Advantages of Warm-Bloodedness, Disadvantages of Warm-Bloodedness, Advantages of Cold-Bloodedness, Disadvantages of Cold- Bloodedness, Water, Water Requirements and Plants, Adaptations of Plants and Water, Adaptations of Animals and Water, Wind, Positives and Negatives of Wind to Organisms, How animals use Wind, How Plants use Wind, Wind Dispersal, Water Dispersal, McArthur- Wilson Island Biogeography Theory, Animal Seed Dispersal, Fire Ecology, Fire Dependence, Biogeochemical Cycles, Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide Balance, Nitrogen Cycle, Phosphorus Cycle, Importance of Phosphorus, Nutrients, Nutrient Pollution and Aquatic Systems, Eutrophification. Full Unit can be found at…

3 This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit. This unit includes… A 4 Part 2,400+ Slide PowerPoint 14 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version 16 pages of unit notes with visuals 2 PowerPoint review games Rubrics, Answer Keys, games, and much more. actors_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_F actors_Unit.html

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6 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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8 Please use this red line

9 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. Please use this red line

10 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate.

11 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent.

12 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics

13 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages

14 -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.

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16 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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24 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

25 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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28 Lab activity link (Optional) The Effect of Acid Rain on Seed Growth. (Begin Today) –http://serc.carleton.edu/sp/mnstep/activities/ htmlhttp://serc.carleton.edu/sp/mnstep/activities/ html

29 This will be the big concept in ecology that will be addressed in this portion of the unit. –or artificial.

30 This will be the big concept in ecology that will be addressed in this portion of the unit. –or artificial.

31 This will be the big concept in ecology that will be addressed in this portion of the unit. –Note: The cycles that we will learn move between the living and non-living world. r artificial.

32 New Biogeochemical Cycle: The Nitrogen Cycle. New Biogeochemical Cycle: The Nitrogen Cycle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

33 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

34 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

35 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

36 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

37 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

38 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

39 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

40 What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days?What will be studying a whole lot of in the next few days? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

41 Yes, We will be studying concepts that have a lot to do with waste.Yes, We will be studying concepts that have a lot to do with waste. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

42 Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

43 Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

44 Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

45 Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

46 Video! The goal will be to try and make some sense out this confusing video. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

47 Video! The goal will be to try and make some sense out this confusing video. –We will watch it again at the end of class to see if we understand any of it. It’s wacky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

48 Video! The goal will be to try and make some sense out this confusing video. –We will watch it again at the end of class to see if we understand any of it. It’s wacky. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSzLQojOItg&f eature=iv&src_vid=Hghru0O7dDs&annotation_id =annotation_151343http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tSzLQojOItg&f eature=iv&src_vid=Hghru0O7dDs&annotation_id =annotation_ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

49 Everyone take a deep breath in and then breathe out. –78% of what you just breathed in was Nitrogen N2 gas –78% of what you exhaled was… Nitrogen N2 gas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

50 Everyone take a deep breath in and then breathe out. –78% of what you just breathed in was Nitrogen N 2 gas –78% of what you exhaled was… Nitrogen N2 gas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

51 Everyone take a deep breath in and then breathe out. –78% of what you just breathed in was Nitrogen N 2 gas –78% of what you exhaled was… Nitrogen N 2 gas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

52 Everyone take a deep breath in and then breathe out. –78% of what you just breathed in was Nitrogen N 2 gas –78% of what you exhaled was… Nitrogen N 2 gas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

53 Nitrogen in the atmosphere is N 2 gas which is doesn’t bond well with other molecules. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

54 Nitrogen in the atmosphere is N 2 gas which is doesn’t bond well with other molecules. –Nitrogen forms triple bonds with itself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

55 Nitrogen in the atmosphere is N 2 gas which is doesn’t bond well with other molecules. –Nitrogen forms triple bonds with itself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

56 Nitrogen in the atmosphere is N 2 gas which is doesn’t bond well with other molecules. –Nitrogen forms triple bonds with itself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

57 Nitrogen in the atmosphere is N 2 gas which is doesn’t bond well with other molecules. –Nitrogen forms triple bonds with itself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

58 When nitrogen is “fixed”, it’s bonds are split with the other nitrogen. Now it has three arms to make new friends, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

59 When nitrogen is “fixed”, it’s bonds are split with the other nitrogen. Now it has three arms to make new friends like oxygen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

60 When nitrogen is “fixed”, it’s bonds are split with the other nitrogen. Now it has three arms to make new friends like oxygen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

61 When nitrogen is “fixed”, it’s bonds are split with the other nitrogen. Now it has three arms to make new friends like oxygen (NO 2 ) Bacteria Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

62 Rain and precipitation bring the atmospheric Nitrogen to the ground.

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64 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen.

65 –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

66 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

67 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

68 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

69 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

70 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

71 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

72 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

73 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

74 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

75 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

76 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

77 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

78 Nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil and on the root nodules of plants can fix the nitrogen. –Fix means change its form so a plant can use it.

79 Plants can now use this new molecule to get the nitrogen they need to build proteins so they can grow, repair, and reproduce. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen

80 Plants can now use this new molecule to get the nitrogen they need to build proteins so they can grow, repair, and reproduce. –With the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen

81 Plants can now use this new molecule to get the nitrogen they need to build proteins so they can grow, repair, and reproduce. –With the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen

82 Plants can now use this new molecule to get the nitrogen they need to build proteins so they can grow, repair, and reproduce. –With the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen

83 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

84 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

85 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

86 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

87 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

88 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

89 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

90 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

91 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

92 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

93 Eventually, plants and animals die. Ammonia (NH3) / Decay / Waste

94 When plants and animals die. –Nitrifying bacteria break down the nitrogen in their tissues. (Nitrites NO 2 )

95 When plants and animals die. –Nitrifying bacteria break down the nitrogen in their tissues. (Nitrites NO 2 )

96 When plants and animals die. –Nitrifying bacteria break down the nitrogen in their tissues. (Nitrites NO 2 )

97 Denitrifying bacteria can also change the NH 3 Nitrate back to N 2 Nitrogen gas

98 When the nitrogen is denitrified, it then bonds with another nitrogen to form inert N 2 gas in the atmosphere until the cycle repeats. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

99 When the nitrogen is denitrified, it then bonds with another nitrogen to form inert N 2 gas in the atmosphere until the cycle repeats. “We now get to hang out in the atmosphere for a long time.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

100 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

101 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

102 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

103 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

104 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

105 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

106 All life requires nitrogen-compounds, e.g., proteins and nucleic acids. Air, which is 79% nitrogen gas (N 2 ), is the major reservoir of nitrogen. But most organisms cannot use nitrogen in this form. Plants must secure their nitrogen in "fixed" form, i.e., incorporated in compounds such as: –nitrate ions (NO 3 −) –ammonia (NH 3 ) –urea (NH 2 )2CO Animals secure their nitrogen (and all other) compounds from plants (or animals that have fed on plants). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

107 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Nitrification: Plants with bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay: Passes on through eating / waste. –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

108 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Nitrification: Plants with bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay: Passes on through eating / waste. –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

109 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Nitrification: Plants with bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay: Passes on through eating / waste. –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

110 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Nitrification: Plants with bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay: Passes on through eating / waste. –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

111 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Plants with the help of bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay: Passes on through eating / waste. –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

112 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Plants with the help of bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay and waste passes on nitrogen –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

113 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Plants with the help of bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay and waste passes on nitrogen –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

114 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Plants with the help of bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay and waste passes on nitrogen –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

115 Four processes participate in the cycling of nitrogen through the biosphere: –Nitrogen fixation: Break apart N 2 so it can join to other atoms and be used. –Plants with the help of bacteria take up nitrogen. –Decay and waste passes on nitrogen –Denitrification: Nitrogen returned to the air by bacteria. Happens with poor soil management. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

116 This is an example of poor soil conservation methods which leads to soil nutrient depletion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

117 This is an example of poor soil conservation methods which leads to soil nutrient depletion. –The lost nitrogen in this runoff will be denitrified by bacteria back to the atmosphere . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

118 This is an example of poor soil conservation methods which leads to soil nutrient depletion. –The lost nitrogen in this runoff will be denitrified by bacteria back to the atmosphere . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

119 Manmade fertilizers also puts nitrogen into the soil. (Ammonia NH 3 ) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

120 Manmade fertilizers also puts nitrogen into the soil. (Ammonia NH 3 ) –Excess / poor management of nitrogen can result in pollution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

121 Manmade fertilizers also puts nitrogen into the soil. (Ammonia NH 3 ) –Excess / poor management of nitrogen can result in pollution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

122 Manmade fertilizers also puts nitrogen into the soil. (Ammonia NH 3 ) –Excess / poor management of nitrogen can result in pollution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

123 Nitrogen Cycle Available Sheet

124 Activity! Step by step drawing of the Nitrogen Cycle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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143 Lightning can convert

144 And nitrogen mixes with rain

145 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain

146 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain

147 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain

148 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 -

149 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 -

150 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 - Animals get nitrogen by eating plants

151 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 - Animals get nitrogen by eating plants

152 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 - Animals get nitrogen by eating plants

153 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 - Animals get nitrogen by eating plants

154 Lightning can convert And nitrogen mixes with rain Bacteria fix nitrogen into NH 3, NO 2 -, NO 3 - Animals get nitrogen by eating plants Decomposers break down nitrogen Nitrites NO 2 and Nitrates NO 3

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156 Activity! PowerPoint Review Game Biogeochemical Cycles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

157 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) 1http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 ournal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet

158 “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet –Visit some of the many provided links or.. –Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) urnal=tsthttp://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst

159 This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit. This unit includes… A 4 Part 2,400+ Slide PowerPoint 14 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version 16 pages of unit notes with visuals 2 PowerPoint review games Rubrics, Answer Keys, games, and much more. actors_Unit.htmlhttp://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_F actors_Unit.html

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161 Areas of Focus within The Ecology: Abiotic Factors Unit Abiotic Factors, Biotic Factors, The Big 7 Abiotic Factors, Organisms Range of Tolerance, Light, How light affects Organisms, Photosynthesis, Factors in the Environment that Affect the Amount of Light, How Organisms Movements are affected by light, Bioluminescence, How temperature affects organisms, Thermoregulation, Physiological Regulation, Behavioral Regulation, Adaptation, Hypothermia, Hyperthermia, Warm-Bloodedness (endothermy), Cold-Bloodedness, Hibernation / Torpor, Advantages of Warm-Bloodedness, Disadvantages of Warm-Bloodedness, Advantages of Cold-Bloodedness, Disadvantages of Cold- Bloodedness, Water, Water Requirements and Plants, Adaptations of Plants and Water, Adaptations of Animals and Water, Wind, Positives and Negatives of Wind to Organisms, How animals use Wind, How Plants use Wind, Wind Dispersal, Water Dispersal, McArthur- Wilson Island Biogeography Theory, Animal Seed Dispersal, Fire Ecology, Fire Dependence, Biogeochemical Cycles, Water Cycle, Carbon Cycle, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Oxygen-Carbon Dioxide Balance, Nitrogen Cycle, Phosphorus Cycle, Importance of Phosphorus, Nutrients, Nutrient Pollution and Aquatic Systems, Eutrophification. Full Unit can be found at…

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167 More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The Introduction to Science / Metric Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and the Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

168 Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum –These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades Earth Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit Astronomy Topics Unit Weather and Climate Unit Soil Science, Weathering, More Water Unit Rivers Unit = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade

169 Physical Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit html Motion and Machines Unit Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Life Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics DNA and Genetics Unit Cell Biology Unit Infectious Diseases Unit Taxonomy and Classification Unit Evolution / Natural Selection Unit Botany Topics Unit Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit

170 Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

171 The entire four year curriculum can be found at... Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thanks again for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed


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