Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION Background Information of Biotic N 2 Who uses Biotic N 2 Crops with Biotic N 2 Mechanisms Procedures and applications Biotic."— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCTION Background Information of Biotic N 2 Who uses Biotic N 2 Crops with Biotic N 2 Mechanisms Procedures and applications Biotic N 2 Microbes: behavior after application -1 st Mechanism of Action. -2 nd Mechanism of Action (See attachments). Trials and Results (See attachments). Benefits of Biotic N 2 Physical and Chemical properties Stability and Reactivity Toxicological Information Ecological Information Disposal Considerations First-aid measures Conclusions Contacts Note: See attachments for MSDS information and experiments with results from the product.
BIOTIC N 2 This is a unique product that reduces the amount of N fertilizer and increases the plant productivity. It is a freeze dry microbial product. Microbes know as Diazotrophs ( bacteria that fix atmospheric nitrogen). Produced in modern and sterile fermentation facilities. It colonizes the rhizosphere (soil zone near roots). Microbes can be applied to the foliage or the root system. After the application they will multiply to exit in the plant foliage, stem and roots. >10 11 cfu/ha High concentration of microbes ( Azorhizobium Caulinodans, Azoarcus Indigens and Azospirillum Brasilense) Reliable shelf life is 12 months at cool temperature of (4 o C) storage Containers: comes in 1, 5, 10, and100 ha packs
This Product is Appropriate for: Organic farmers wanting to improved N nutrition and better crop growth. Biological farmers wanting a reliable microbial N fixer and soil improver Conventional farmers wanting to reduce N use and increase profits. Crops and Biotic N 2 Broad-acre /field crops: cereals, corn, cotton, wheat, barley, oats, sorgum, soybean, rice, sugarcane, lupins, mug beans and others. Intensive temperate and tropical pastures/forage/lucerne Temperate fruits apples, stone fruits, blueberries, Tropical tree fruits, avocados, bananas, citrus, coffee, tea Macadamian, pecan, almonds Wine and table grapes Vegetables: tomatoes, celery, spinach, potatoes, onions, cauliflower and many others Note: For more information in regards to trials and results please see the attached materials to this presentation.
MECHANISMS Biotic N 2 will improve the crop performance by using three main mechanism. 1.Biotic N 2 converts N 2 from the air into a steady supply of plant available N through the entire crop season. 2.Biotic N 2 produces a large, more efficient root system due to production of Plant Growth Factors (PGFs) that gives improved capture of applied N fertilizers (N use efficiency). 3.Biotic N 2 improves soil health and structure. a)Longer term use of Biotic N 2 lowers soil disease pressure and builds soil carbon. b)Biotic N 2 microbes assist in mobilizing bound P. N 2 +8 H + 8e 2NH 3 + H 2
CaHPO4 +H (+) H2PO4 + Ca (2+) Ca5 (PO4) 3(OH) +4H (+) 3HPO4 + 5Ca (2+) + H2 O 2NH 3 + H 2 Elemental Composition of Bacterial Phosphorus3.0 %Sulfur1.0% Potassium1.0%Magnesium0.5% Calcium0.5%Iron0.2%
BIOTIC N 2 PROCEDURE Do not vary this rate: Use a 1 ha pack for 1 ha, a 5 ha pack for 5ha, or a 10 ha pack for 10 ha. Step 1 Step 1: REHYDRATING THE MICROBES a)Fill the plastic rehydration container with 50 or 100 ml of non-chlorinated water (shake to mix in the microbe food). b)Remove the sealed lid of the vial of microbes. c)Pour in some water from the rehydration container and place a thumb over the top. d)Shake to dissolve the microbes and pour them back into the rehydration container (repeat this until all microbes are in the rehydration container- for 10 ha packs repeat this with the second vial). e)Screw the lid on firmly and shake thoroughly for 30 seconds to 1 minute. f)Wait approximately 5 minutes then shake thoroughly again. g)The microbes are now ready to mix into the application tank to apply to the crop. h)The biotic N 2 solution can be kept in the fridge for 1 week taking good care not to let them freeze.
Step 2: Step 2: APPLICATION TO THE CROP Application methods needs to deliver the Biotic N2 solution into the moist root zone. Contact with foliage is not a problem, but the bulk of the application should contact the root zone to maximize efficacy. Do not tank mix with fertilizers or agrochemicals.Application: 1.Via overhead irrigation in enough water to take the microbes into the root zone. 2.Via any fertigation system ( micro-sprinkles, drip irrigation, trickle tape). 3.Via liquid injection from a tine that cuts into the root zone (water supply 100l/ha). 4.Via water run in furrow irrigation (flood irrigation). 5.Via boom spray onto moist soil. Use very coarse or streaming nozzles and as much water as is practical. Note: Calculate the amount of water to be delivered to the crop area and mix in the correct amount of biotic N 2 microbes solution after shaking it to suspend the microbes. Apply the tank missed microbes within 24 hours and stir to re-suspend the microbes in the tank if necessary. Chlorine water can be de-chlorinated by adding 2g of sodium thiosulfate (STS) per 100L. Pre – dissolve in a small volume of water and mix into the tank water thoroughly wait approximately 5 minutes before adding biotic N 2.
Run in-furrow irrigation Boom spray onto moist soil Liquid Injection from a tine that cuts into the root zone. Any Fertigation system (Micro-sprinkle, drip irrigation, trickle tape etc.) Overhead irrigation Biotic N 2
Biotic N 2 Microbes: Behavior after the Application. XYLEMXYLEM Leaves & branches ENDOPHYTES When the Biotic N 2 is applied via soil application they colonize the rhizosphere. They also move up into the plant tissue and end up throughout the plant. Azospirillum sp on rice Root. Biotic N 2 microbes get carbohydrates and nutrients as root exudates and from plant tissue. In return they provide N 2, increase root efficiency and root / soil health- a true symbiosis. Root exudates Twin N microbes colonize roots
1 st Mechanism of Action It fixes the atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compounds that are immediately available to the plants. NH3 is supplied steadily right through the season. This helps keep total leaf N at optimum levels without high nitrates which reduces fruit quality and shelf life. N2 From the atmosphere N Fixing Bacteria N 2 + 8H + + 8e- 2NH3 + H22NH3 + H2 Nitrogen for Crop Nitrogenase enzyme
2 nd Mechanism of Action Biotic N 2 produces large root systems due to auxin synthesis (IAA ). Greatly increased root hair density gives better nutrients capture of all nutrients. Improved capture of mineralized and applied N increasing nitrogen use efficiently. More vigorous root growth help crops fight back from root damage from pest and diseases. NOTE : Picture is from a DPI- measured comparison and root mass rating increased >13% in biotic N 2 plots. This effect is mainly from increased root hairs increasing the root ball. Improved N nutrients is due to a combination of N fixation plus better N use efficiency via the effect of biotic N 2 on roots.
Trials and Results a) b) Information: Organic Avocado Location : Australia Results: As you can see on the picture to the right there is a greatly increase in root density. No Biotic N 2 2 months after the application of Biotic N 2 a)No Biotic N 2 b) 120 days after applying Biotic N 2Information: Organic Cherry Location: Chile Results: the application in here was via fertigation, as we can see roots showed much greater secondary root development.
a)No Biotic N 2 and N deficiency is evident b)21 days after applying Biotic N 2 Information: Organic Blueberries Location: Chile Results: 21 days after applying Biotic N 2 we can see that we can obtain a healthier leaf color.
Biotic N 2 can reduce populations of some pathogenic microbes. Biotic N 2 encourages growth of beneficial microbes that help keep soil pathogens in check. Biotic N 2 increases root nodulation in legumes. Biotic N 2 enables reduces N application rates. Lowers impact of urea on soil organic carbon. Avoids problems with soil pH. Lowers impact of synthetic N on soil structure. Biotic N 2 increases nutrient availability. Biotic N 2 microbes release organic acids improving in this way the availability of P (P solubilization). Increases the availability of some micronutrients in soils. Improves profitability Increase the yields (when the crops values are high). It will decrease input cost from N fertilizers (specially when the N prices are high and the crops prices are low). Benefits of Biotic N 2
Increase sustainability of production. Biotic N 2 improves the soil and productivity and crop vigor. Decrease synthetic nitrogen effects on the environment Decrease carbon foot print of production (e.g bio-ethanol). Enable compliance with various legislation to limit Nitrogen Fertilizers applications- without the normal yield penalties from N application. Benefits of Biotic N 2
VAPOR DENSITY: No data EVAPORATION RATE (n-BuAc=1): No data SPECIFIC GRAVITY @20 o C: No Data SOLUBILITY IN WATER: Completely soluble VAPOR PRESSURE, mm Hg @20 o C (68 o F): No Data pH: 6-7 APPEARANCE, ODOR and COLOR: This product is a light brown/grey powder with a very slight odor. Physical and Chemical Properties: STABILITY: Stable DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: thermal degradation produces carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and ammonia gases. MATERIAL WITH WHICH SUBSTANCE IS INCOMPATIBLE: None known POSSIBILITY OF HAZARDOUS REACTIONS: Will not occur CONDITIONS TO AVOID: None Stability and Reactivity
TOXICITY DATA: CAS: No Data SUSPECTED CANCER AGENT: The following components of this products are listed by agencies tracking the carcinogenic potential of chemical compounds as follows: None known IRITANCY OF PRODUCT: Contact of this product can cause slight skin and eye irritation. SENSITIZATION TO THE PRODUCT: These products are not known to cause human skin or respiratory sensitization. REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION: Listed below is information concerning the effects of this product and its components on the human reproductive system. Mutagenicity: The components of this product are not reported to produce mutagenic effects in humans. Embryotoxicity: The components are not reported to produce embryotoxic effects in humans. Teratogenicity: The components of this product are not reported to produce teratogenicity effects in humans. Reproductive Toxicity: The components of this product are not reported to produce reproductive effects in humans. Toxicological Information
Ecological Information ALL WORK PRACTICES MUST BE AIMED AT ELIMINATING ENVIRONMENTALS CONTAMINATION. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE: This is not expected to be hazardous to the environment. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICITY: This material is not expected to be toxic to aquatic life. PREPARING WASTE FOR DISPOSAL: Waste disposal must be in accordance with appropriate U.S. federal, State and local regulations, those of Canada, Australia, EU member States and Japan. Note: Please review the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)for further information. Disposal Considerations Beneficios de Biotic N 2
INHALATION FIRST AID: Not expected as a result of this product, however if breathing problems occur remove victim to fresh air. If persistent breathing occurs, get medical attention. SKIN CONTACT FIRST AID: Wash skin with plenty of soap and water after handling or contact. Wash clothing before reuse. Get medical attention if irritation persist. EYE CONTACT FIRST AID: If contact with eyes, flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes lifting upper and lower eyelids occasionally.Get medical attention if irritation persist. CALL PHYSICIAN OF POISON CONTROL CENTER FOR MOST CURRENT INFORMATION. INGESTION: Routine uses of this product is not expected to cause any situation which could lead to indigestion. If this product is swallowed, CALL PHYSICIAN OF POISON CONTROL CENTER FOR MOST CURRENT INFORMATION. If professional advice is not available, do not induce vomiting. Never induce vomiting or give diluents (milk or water) to someone who is unconscious, having convulsions, or unable to swallow. MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: None known RECOMMENDATIONS TO PHYSICIANS: treat symptoms and eliminate overexposure. First-Aid Measurements
Yields Basically biotic fertility mimics natural fertility; however, it provides an interrupted nutrient supplied to crops. Since the Biotic N 2 improves the nutrients absorbance to the roots the crops grow up faster and healthier than any other fertility. Even though UREA has also an excellent yield the cost and extra care that has to be provided to the crops affect in the cost of the production. Quality Biotic fertility specially Biotic N 2 has shown in the past decade a higher over –all quality than Crops grown with other fertilizers like UREA and many others. If too much N 2 is provided to crops this will affect the quality of the product and dry or even kill the plants. Biotic N 2 provides the right amount of nutrients needed by the plants. Cost UREA fertilizer is costly because you have to buy additional pesticides, fungicides and herbicides that causes a large atmospheric impact leading to the pollution and erosion of the soil. In the future more money will have to be invested in order to restore the soil for future crops.
Sustainable fertility Biotic fertility constantly amends and re-mineralizes depleted soils. Grower no longer worries about the exhaustion of soils (Now and the future). As a result, the soil become healthier, therefore, the products become richer in nutrients. *Eventually growers are able to back off the amount applied after their soils are restored to a level of fertility (Remember : in conventional fertility they deplete the organic matter in the soil. Surface erosion Biotic fertility does not upset topsoils and the C:N balance in the soil. When this in-balance occur the loss of vital soil acids gels which act to hold the surface of the soil in place resulting in erosion.
Environmental Impact Biotic fertility will greatly reduce the amount of green house gasses volatilized into the atmosphere than any other method. Many companies around the world are attracted to this fairly new trend of becoming more eco-friendly, now it is the turn in the agricultural field. Our soils are very poor in nutrients and everyday they are dramatically depleting. We must take actions in this matter and Biotic N 2 is a great source.