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SABER Science, Measurement Approach and

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Presentation on theme: "SABER Science, Measurement Approach and"— Presentation transcript:

1 SABER Science, Measurement Approach and
Data Product Overview

2 SABER Science Team James M. Russell III PI Hampton University
Martin G. Mlynczak Associate PI NASA LaRC Co-Investigators Ellis E. Remsberg NASA LaRC Doran J. Baker SDL, USU Patrick J. Espy BAS, Cambridge James C. Ulwick SRL, USU Rolando R. Garcia NCAR Raymond G. Roble NCAR David E. Siskind NRL Larry L. Gordley GATS, Inc. Manuel Lopez-Puertas IAA, Spain Richard H. Picard AFRL Christopher J. Mertens NASA LaRC

3 SABER Science Goal To provide new data and improved understanding
of the structure, energetics, chemistry and dynamics of the TIMED core region extending from 60 km to 180 km

4 SABER Scientific Objectives
Study the M/LT thermal structure and its variations Implement studies of energetics and radiatively active species in the non-LTE environment Analyze Oy and HOy chemistry Conduct dynamics studies

5 SABER Measurement Objectives
Conduct global-scale, simultaneous, vertical profile measurements of temperature, key chemical constituents, and key emission features, including the following: - Kinetic Temperature - O3, H2O, NO, CO2 - O2(1), OH(u), NO(u), O3(n3), CO2(n2) - Atomic Species O and H (O inferred 4 different ways) · Conduct measurements (e.g., T, O3, H2O, CO2) that can be used to derive and study dynamical quantities such as geopotential height and potential vorticity Conduct measurements of O3, H2O, OH(u), O, and H to study ozone and odd hydrogen photochemistry in this region

6 SABER Measurement Objectives (continued)
Conduct measurements of key radiative emissions to study energetics in the TIMED core region - True cooling: CO2(n2), NO(u), O3(n3), H2O(n2) - Solar heating: O3, O2, CO2(n3) - Chemical heating: O3, O2, OH(u) - Reduction of solar and chemical heating efficiencies: O2(1), OH(u), O3(n3), CO2(n3)

7 SABER TIMED Science Contributions
Measures T and  in the TIMED core region globally Observes key constituents in the lower portion of the core region globally including O3, H2O, [O], [H] and CO2  Measures tracer molecules CO2 and H2O for dynamics studies Measurements made day and night with high vertical resolution (2.2 km IFOV) independently of spacecraft attitude and attitude rate information Main radiative emission features for energetics are measured: true cooling, chemical heating, solar heating and key emissions that reduce solar and chemical heating efficiency   Observations cover altitude range from the GW source region in the stratosphere, to altitudes where GWs break (~100 km), and in the lower thermosphere

8 SABER Experiment Approach

Z TANGENT POINT Ho N(Ho) RAY PATH TO SATELLITE }Ho N(Ho)    J(x) dx d  x d (,q,T,P) dx q known (e.g. CO2)  J T J known  q (e.g. O3, H2O, CO2…)

10 SABER Focal Plane Channel Locations
# 4 O m # 5 H2O 6.8 m # 2 CO2- W m # 6 NO 5.3 m # 1 CO2- N m # 3 CO2- W m # 7 CO m # 8 OH(A) m # 9 OH(B) m # 10 O2(1) m 1.49o 2 60 km

11 Radiance (watts/cm2-sr)
SABER Daytime Radiance Versus Altitude for 55oS, 287oE, January 8, 2002 300 300 200 200 Tangent Point Altitude (km) 100 100 -100 -100 Radiance (watts/cm2-sr)

12 SABER Measurement and Inflight Calibration Cadence
Downscan or upscan every ~53 seconds - ~450 km to ~ –20 km tangent height in ~3.5o latitude Spacelook Counts updated every ~ 3.5 Minutes Responsivity updated every ~ 8 Minutes by viewing a hot In-Flight Calibration (IFC) Blackbody

13 Gain Cycle Spacelook 11secs Calibration Scan (BB) 12secs
SABER In-flight Calibration System Updates Spacelook Counts Every ~ 3.5 Minutes Adaptive Scan 107 secs Baffle Scan 7secs Gain Cycle Spacelook 11secs Calibration Scan (BB) 12secs Acquisition scan finds the limb Adaptive scan tracks the limb Space Ground

14 IFC to Calibration 7mins 52secs
SABER In-flight Calibration System Updates Responsivity Every ~ 8 Minutes IFC to Calibration 7mins 52secs Calibration Scan (BB) Calibration Scan (JS1) Calibration Scan (JS2) Calibration Scan (JS3) Space Ground

15 SABER Views on the Beam of the Spacecraft
TIMED spacecraft being prepared for acoustic tests at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

16 SABER Daily Latitude versus Longitude
Coverage (83oN - 52oS) Longitude (degrees) Latitude (degrees) North viewing phase of the TIMED yaw cycle

17 SABER Level 2A Routine Data Products
Vertical profiles of the following parameters day and night: - Kinetic T, P, density km O3 mixing ratio (9.6m) km - O3 mixing ratio (1.27m)* km - H2O mixing ratio km - CO2  (4.3m and 15 m) km - NO 5.3m VER** km - OH 1.6m VER** km - OH 2.0m VER** km - O2(1) 1.27m VER** km * Day only ** Volume Emission Rate

18 NLTE SABER and HALOE Temperature

19 SABER Level 2A Analysis Data Products
Kinetic T, P, density Z  105 km night and day [O] concentration - O3 day / night ‘s km day - O2(1) nightglow km night - O3(9.6m) / OH(2.0m) km night - CO2(4.3m) / CO2(15m) km day [H] Concentration km night and day CO2(15m) km NO (5.3m) km O3 (9.6m) km H2O (6.7m and far IR) km - Cooling Rates - Temperature and Constituent densities

20 SABER Level 2A Analysis Data Products
Solar heating rates, including airglow losses ( km) - O3 (Hartley, Huggins, Chappius, and other uv bands) - O2 (Schumann-Runge, Ly-, Herzberg, and Atmos. Bands) - CO2 (4.3 m) Chemical heating rates ( km) - Ox and HOx families Airglow/Chemiluminescent, Emission/Heating Efficiency - O2(1) km - OH(1.6 m) km - OH(2.0 m) km Geostrophic Wind km

21 Comparison of SABER NO 5.3 mm Energy Loss Rates
for April, 2002 and October, 2003 solar storms October 30, 2003 82o N April 20, 2002 82o S Peak energy loss rates are comparable for the two storms

22 SABER Level 3 Data Products
Zonal mean pressure versus latitude cross sections - Orbit, daily, weekly, monthly and seasonally averaged Polar stereographic and Lambert projection maps on constant pressure and isentropic surfaces - Orbit, daily, weekly, monthly and seasonally averaged maps

23 SABER NLTE Temperature Zonal Mean
Cross Section and global plot on July 9, 2002

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